R.A. McIntosh*, G.E. Hart**, K.M. Devos***, J. Rogers****, and M.D. Gale***.

* Plant Breeding Institute, The University of Sydney, 107 Cobbitty Rd., Cobbitty, N.S.W., Australia, 2570.

** Department of Soil & Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA, 77843.

*** John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7UH, UK.

**** Catedra de Genetica y Fitotecnia, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, (7300) Azul, Argentina.


The most recent edition of the Catalogue {9441} appears in the Proceedings of the 8th International Wheat Genetics Symposium held in Beijing, China, 1993, pp. 1333-1500. Revised Guidelines for Nomenclature of Biochemical/Molecular Loci (including QTLs) in Wheat and Related Species were included with the 1994 Supplement. Further proposals were included in the 1995 and 1996 Supplements.

This Supplement has been offered to the editors of Annual Wheat Newsletter and Wheat Information Service for inclusion in the respective journals.

As the Catalogue evolves, the co-ordinators do not always revise past entries. Researchers and readers are encouraged to advise updatings and errors to make the Catalogue more useful to others.


Revisions of and additions to 'Summary Table 1' of the 1995 Catalogue of Gene Symbols for Wheat:

Revise title of table to

'Symbols for wheat loci, including loci of known function, loci detected with 'known-function' DNA clones, and loci detected by PCR-amplification of DNA using primers'.

 Symbol  Character
 ACCc  sets: Acetyl CoA carboxylase - cystolic form
 ACCp  sets: Acetyl CoA carboxylase - plastid form
 Chr  Hybrid chlorosis Type 1 gene in rye
 GluTR  set: Glutamyl-tRNA reductase
 Mtase  set: DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase
 Pina  Puroindoline a
 Pinb  Puroindoline b
 Rep  set: DNA replication regulating gene
 sc  Seedling chlorosis
 scs  Nuclear-cytoplasmic compatability enhancer
 Tria  set: Pollen allergen encoding gene
 Vgw  Temperature-sensitive winter variegation
 Vi  Restorer for cytoplasmic male sterility, T. longissimum cytoplasm
 Wcs  Wheat cold-specific genes
 X  Basic symbol for DNA markers of unknown function

Revision of 'Summary Table 2'

Add footnote c to 7DS:

Additions to Laboratory Designators list

crc Procunier, J.D.

Cereal Research Centre
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
195 Dafoe Road
Winnipeg, MB R3T 2M9

 gwm Roder, M.S.

Institut fuer Pflanzengenetik und
Kulturpflanzenforschung (IPK)
Corrensstr. 3
06466 Gatersleben

ipk Borner, A.

Institut fuer Pflanzengenetik und
Kulturpflanzenforschung (IPK)
Corrensstr. 3
06466 Gatersleben

kuj Mori, Naoki

Laboratory of Plant Genetics
Faculty of Agriculture
Kobe University
1 Rokkodai-cho
Kobe 657

mgb Blanco, A

Institute of Plant Breeding
University of Bari
via Amendola 165/A
Bari, Italy
mta & Joudrier, P.
Unite de Biochimie et de
Biology Moleculaire
2, Place Pierre Viala
34060 Montpellier Cedex 01

ndsu Anderson, J A.

USDA-ARS Wheat Genetics
P.O. Box 646420
Washington State University
Pullman, WA 99164-6420 USA
sfr & Keller, B.
Institute of Plant Biology
University of Zurich
Zollikerstrasse 107
Zurich, Switzerland

ucg Hasselkorn, R.

Department of Molecular Genetics
and Cell Biology
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois 60637 USA

wpg Feldman, M.

Department of Plant Genetics
Weizmann Institute of Science
Rehovot 76100

Aluminium tolerance

Alt1 {9869}. v: ET3 = Carazinho/4*Egret {9869}.

alt1 {9869}. v: ES3 = Carazinho/4*Egret {9869}.

Alt2 : Change the reference for the synonym 'AltBH 'to {9835} and revise the previous Alt2 'ma:' entry to, 'Alt2 - 1.1 cM - Xbcd1230-4D {9835}.'


Anthocyanin Pigmentation

3. Red/purple coleoptiles

Revise the previous Rc3 'ma:' entry to 'Rc3 (distal) - 3 cM - Xpsr108 -7D {140}.'

4. Purple/red culm/straw/stem.

Revise the previous Pc1 'ma:' entry to 'Pc (proximal) - 5.7 cM - Xpsr490(Ss1)-7B {9739}2.'

Blue Aleurone

The Ba allele in T. monococcum spp. aegilopoides acc. G3116 determines a half-blue seed phenotype and is different from the allele present in Elytrigia pontica {96119} that determines a solid-blue seed phenotype. They are treated as different genes.

Ba1 {461}. [Ba {461}]. Derived from Elytrigia pontica (2n=70). 4B [4BS-4el2 {461}]. tr: UC66049B {425}.

Ba2. 4AmL {96119}3. dv: G3116 {96119}. ma: Ba2 cosegregated with Xcdo1387-4A, Xmwg677-4A and Xbcd1092-4A {96119}.

For review see {1210}.


Crossability with Rye, Hordeum and Aegilops spp.

Add {9848} to 'The kr genes influence crossability with H. vulgare.'

List of crossabilities {9801}.


DNA Markers

In the preamble, following 'b', substitute "Designates loci detected by hybridization with DNA clones whose sequences are largely homologous with known genes in the EMBL database {9754}.' for 'Designates loci whose functions were identified through homology with known genes in the EMBL database {9754}.' Also, in the statement entitled 'STS's from RFLP clones:', revise the second sentence to 'The convention adopted is to add a 'p' to the laboratory designator.'

Revise all previously-listed 'WMS' primer desigations by inserting an open space immediately after the basic symbol, e.g, change 'WMS30F/WMS30R' to 'WMS 30F/WMS 30R'.

Temporary DNA-marker designations are identified with an asterisk (*).

Replace 'Xwms' with 'Xgwm' throughout the DNA Markers section.

Group 1S


 Xbcd98-1B,D {98139}.    BCD98.  (1A, 7A,D).
 Xcdo534-1B.1,.2 {98139}.  [cdo534a,b {98139}].  CDO534.  (6A, 6D, 7A).
 Xfba8-1D {98105}.    FBA008.  (2A, 3B, 4B, 6A, 7D).
 Xfba26-1A [{98105}].  [Xfba26b-1A {98105}].  FBA026.  (6D).
 Xfba250-1D {98105}.    FBA250.  
 Xfba285-1A [{98105}].    FBA285.  
 Xfba298-1A {98105}.    FBA298.  
 Xfba299-1A {98105}.    FBA299.  
 Xfba383-1D [{98105}].  [Xfba383a-1D {98105}].  FBA383.  
 Xfba393-1A [{98105}].    FBA393.  (5B,D).
 Xfbb196-1A,D [{98105}].  [Xfbb196b-1A, Xfbb196a-1D{98105}].  FBB196.  
 Xfbb234-1B {98105}.    FBB234.  
 Xfbb250-1D [{98105}].  [Xfbb250a-1D {98105}].  FBB250.  
 Xfbb260-1B,D [{98105}].  [Xfbb260a-1B, Xfbb260b-1D {98105}].  FBB260.  
 Xglk558-1D {594,98105}.    pTag558.  (2B,D).
 Note: The arm location of Xglk558-1D was not reported in {594}.
 Xgwm106-1D [{98119}].    WMS 106F/WMS 106R.  
 Xgwm164-1A [{98119}].    WMS 164F/WMS 164R.  
 XksuD14-1B.1,.2,.3{98139}.  [ksud14a,b,c {98139}].  pTtksuD14.  
 Xmta14(Gli-1) {98105}.    MTA14 {98129}.  
 Xmtd161-1B,D [{98105}].  [Xmtd161a-1B, Xmtd161b-1D {98105}].  MTD161 {98129}.  
 Xmwg36-1A,B,D {98139}.    MWG36.  
 XNor9 {98134}.  [Nor9 {98134}].  pTa71.  
 XpsrX-1A,B,D {98140}.    PSRX.  
 Xsfr1(Lrk10)-1A [{98102}].  [Lrk10 {98102}].  Lrk10.  
 Xsfrp1(Lrk10)-1A [{98106}].  [STSLrk10-6 {98106}].  Lrk10D1/Lrk10D2.  
 Xutv10(Glu-3)-1B [{98150}].    UTV7F/UTV10R.  
 Xutv17(Glu-3)-1B [{98151}].    UTV17F/UTV7R.  


Group 1L

 Xbcd310-1B {98139}.    BCD310.  (7B).
 Xcdo844-1A {98139}.  [cdo844 {98139}].  CDO844.  
 Xcmwg649 {98154}2.  cMWG649 {96109}.    (2A).
 Xcmwg701-1A .1,.2 {98154}2.  cMWG701 {96109}.    (5A).
 Xfba34-1B.1,.2 [{98105}].  [Xfba34a-1B, Xfba34b-1B {98105}].  FBA034.  
 Xfba92-1A {98105}.    FBA092.  
 Xfba177-1B [{98105}].  [Xfba177a-1B {98105}].  FBA177.  (5A,4B,D).
 Xfba178-1B [{98105}].  [Xfba178b-1B {98105}].  FBA178.  (2A).
 Xfba234-1A {98105}.    FBA234.  (6A, 7A).
 Xfba266-1A.1,.2 [{98105}].  [Xfba266a-1A, Xfba266b-1A {98105}].  FBA266.  
 Xfba309-1B [{98105}].    FBA309.  
 Xfba316-1A {98105}.    FBA316.  
 Xfbb35-1B {98105}.    FBB035.  
 Xfbb180-1B [{98105}].  [Xfbb180a-1B {98105}].  FBB180.  
 Xfbb255-1A,B [{98105}].  [Xfbb255c-1A, Xfbb255a-1B {98105}].  FBB255.  (4B, 6A).
 Xglk163-1B {594, 98139}.    pTag163.  
 The arm location of Xglk163-1B was not reported in {594}.
 Xglk431-1B {98105}.    pTag431 {594}.  (2D, 4B).
 Xgwm135-1A [{98119}].    WMS 135F/WMS 135R.  
 Xgwm337-1D [{98119}].    WMS 337F/WMS 337R.  
 XksuA1-1B [{98105}].  [XksuA1c-1B {98105}].  pTtksuA1 {309}.  (5B, 7D).
 Xmta17(Glu-1) {98105}.    MTA17 {98129}.  


Group 1

The following markers was moved to 1S.
The following marker was moved to 1L.


 Xgwm232-1D [{98119}].  WMS 232F/WMS 232R.
 Xipk2(Rep)-1A,B,D [{98101}]. [XRep {98101}].  Rep.

Group 2S

 Xbcd1434-2B [{98105}].  [Xbcd1434a-2B {98105}].  BCD1434 {96124}.  (1A,B,D).
 Xfbb75-2B.1 {9652}[{98105}].  [Xfbb75b-2B {98105}].  FBB075.  (2BL).
 The arm location of Xfbb75-2B was not reported in {9652}.
 Xfbb171-2B {98105}.    FBB171.  
 Xfbb185-2B {98105}.    FBB185.  (3B).
 Xfbb353-2A {9652}, -2B {98105}.    FBB353.  (3A).
 The arm location of Xfbb353-2A was not reported in {9652}.
 Xgwm55-2B {98121}.    WMS 55F/WMS 55R.  
 Xgwm71-2A.1 [{98121}].  [gwm71a {98121}].  WMS 71F/WMS 71R.  
 Xgwm71-2A.2 [{98121}].  [gwm71b {98121}].  WMS 71F/WMS 71R.  
 Xgwm102-2D {98121}.    WMS 102F/WMS 102R.  
 Xgwm129-2B {98121}.    WMS 129F/WMS 129R.  
 Xgwm148-2B {98121}.    WMS 148F/WMS 148R.  
 Xgwm210-2D {98121}.    WMS 210F/WMS 210R.  
 Xgwm249-2D {98121}.    WMS 249F/WMS 249R.  
 Xgwm257-2B {98121}.    WMS 257F/WMS 257R.  
 Xgwm261-2D {98118}.    WMS 261F/WMS 261R.  
 Xgwm296-2A,D [{98121}].  [gwm296a,b {98121}].  WMS 296F/WMS 296R.  
 Xgwm319-2B {98121}.    WMS 319F/WMS 319R.  
 Xgwm339-2A {98121}.    WMS 339F/WMS 339R.  
 Xgwm372-2A {98121}.    WMS 372F/WMS 372R.  
 Xgwm374-2B {98121}.    WMS 374F/WMS 374R.  
 Xgwm410-2B {98121}.    WMS 410F/WMS 410R.  
 Xgwm425-2A {98121}.    WMS 425F/WMS 425R.  
 Xgwm429-2B {98121}.    WMS 429F/WMS 429R.  
 Xgwm455-2D {98121}.    WMS 455F/WMS 455R.  
 Xgwm484-2D {98121}.    WMS 484F/WMS 484R.  
 Xgwm512-2A {98121}.    WMS 512F/WMS 512R.  
 Xgwm515-2D {98121}.    WMS 515F/WMS 515R.  
 Xgwm636-2A {98121}.    WMS 636F/WMS 636R.  
 Xgwm95-2A [{98119}].    WMS 95F/WMS 95R.  
 Xgwm148-2B [{98119}].    WMS 148F/WMS 148R.  
 Xgwm261-2D [{98119}].    WMS 261F/WMS 261R.  


Group 2L

 Xcdo770-2A {98105}.    CDO770 {96124}.  
 Xcrc4-2B {98131}.  [Xcrc4.2 {98131}].  CRC4F/CRC4R.  
 Xfba71-2A [{98105}].  [Xfba71b-2A {98105}].  FBA071.  (7A).
 Xfbb75-2B.2 [{98105}].  [Xfbb75a-2B {98105}].  FBB075.  (2BS).
 Xfbb278-2B [{98105}].  [Xfbb278a-2B {98105}].  FBB278.  (7A).
 Xfbb324-2B [{98105}].  [Xfbb324a-2B {98105}].  FBB324.  (3D, 7B).
 Xglk554-2A {594,98105},B {594}.  [Xglk554a,c {594}].  pTag554.  (5B).
 The arm locations of Xglk554-2A,B were not reported in {594}.
 Xglk594-2A [{98105}],2B {594}[{98105}].  [Xglk594a-2A, Xglk594b-2B {98105}].  pTag594.  
 The arm location of Xglk594-2B was not reported in {594}.
 Xgwm16-2B {98121}.    WMS 16F/WMS 16R.  
 Xgwm47-2B {9736,98121}.    WMS 47F/WMS 47R.  
 Xgwm55-2B {98121}.    WMS 55F/WMS 55R.  
 Xgwm120-2B [{98119}].    WMS 120F/WMS 120R.  
 Xgwm157-2D [{98119}].    WMS 157F/WMS 157R.  
 Xgwm189-2B [{98119}].    WMS 189F/WMS 189R.  
 Xgwm191-2B {98121}.    WMS 191F/WMS 191R.  
 Xgwm265-2A {98121}.    WMS 265F/WMS 265R.  
 Xgwm294-2A [{98119}].    WMS 294F/WMS 294R.  
 Xgwm301-2D {98121}.    WMS 301F/WMS 310R.  
 Xgwm312-2A {98121}.    WMS 312F/WMS 312R.  
 Xgwm328-2A {98121}.    WMS 328F/WMS 328R.  
 Xgwm349-2D {98121}.    WMS 349F/WMS 349R.  
 Xgwm356-2A {98121}.    WMS 356F/WMS 356R.  
 Xgwm382-2A,D {98121}.    WMS 382F/WMS 382R.  
 Xgwm388-2B {98121}.    WMS 388F/WMS 388R.  
 Xgwm445-2A {98121}.    WMS 445F/WMS 445R.  
 Xgwm501-2B {98121}.    WMS 501F/WMS 501R.  
 Xgwm526-2B {98121}.    WMS 526F/WMS 526R.  
 Xgwm539-2D {98121}.    WMS 539F/WMS 539R.  
 Xgwm558-2A {98121}.    WMS 558F/WMS 558R.  
 Xgwm608-2D {98121}.    WMS 608F/WMS 608R.  
 Xgwm619-2B {98121}.    WMS 619F/WMS 619R.  


Group 2

Note: The following markers were moved to the 2S group.
Xfbb75, Xfbb353
Note: The following markers were moved to the 2L group.
Xglk554, Xglk594, Xgwm47


 Xglk370-2B {594},2D {98125}.    pTag370.  (4A).
 Xglk744-2A,B,D {98125}.    pTag744 {98126}.  (6B).
 Xkuj64-2A,B,D {98125}.    pTac64 {98127}.  
 Xucg1(ACCp}-2A,2B,2D {9847}.    UCG1 {9847}.  


Group 3S

 Xfba189-3B [{98105}].  [Xfba189b-3B {98105}].  FBA189.  (3BL).
 Xfbb156-3B [{98105}].  [Xfbb156a-3B {98105}].  FBB156.  (3BL, 5D, 6B, 7A).
 Xglk538-3B,D.1 [{98105}].  [Xglk538a-3B, Xglk538b-3D {98105}].  pTag538 {594}.  
 Xglk538-3D.2 [{98105}].  [Xglk538c-3D {98105}].  pTag538 {594}.  
 Xgwm161-3D [{98119}].    WMS 161F/WMS 161R.  
 Xgwm218-3A [{98119}].    WMS 218F/WMS 218R  
 XksuE3-3B [{98105}].  [XksuE3b-3B {98105}].  pTtksuE3 {309}.  (1A, 2A,B,D, 3AL,4A, 6AS, 6DL, 7A,D).
 XksuG30-3B [{98105}].  [XksuG30a-3B {98105}].  pTtksuG30 {309}.  (1A, 2D, 4A, 5A, 6A,B).
 Xmtd120-3D [{98105}].    MTD120 {98129}.  


Group 3L

 Xbcd358-3A {98105}.    BCD358 {96124}.  
 Xcdo113-3A {98105}.    CDO113 {96124}.  
 Xfba189-3B [{98105}].  [Xfba189a-3B {98105}].  FBA189. (3BS).  
 Xgwm52-3D [{98119}].    WMS 52F/WMS 52R.  
 Xgwm108-3B [{98119}].    WMS 108F/WMS 108R.  
 Xgwm340-3B [{98119}].     WMS 340F/WMS 340R.  


Group 3

 Xgwm144-3B [{98119}].    WMS 144F/WMS 144R.  
 Xkuj72-3B,D {98125}.     pTac72 {98127}.  


Group 4S (4AL:4BS:4DS)
 Xglk556-4B {594,98105}.    pTag556.  
 Note: The arm location of Xglk556-4B was not reported in {594}.
 Xgwm165-4B [{98119}].    WMS 165F/WMS 165R.  
 Xgwm160-4A [{98119}].    WMS 160F/WMS 160R.  
 Xwg909-4B {98105}.    WG909 {96124}.  


Group 4L (4AS:4BL:4DL)
 Xfba137-4A {98105}.    FBA137.  (5D).
 Xfbb120-4A {98105}.    FBB120.  
 Xfbb248-4A {98105}.    FBB248.  
 Xgwm149-4B {98117}.    WMS 149F/WMS 149R.  
 Xgwm165-4D {98117}.    WMS 165F/WMS 165R.  
 Xgwm375-4B [{98119}].    WMS 375F/WMS 375R.  

Note: The following markers were moved to the 5AL:4BL:4DL group


Group 5AL:4BL:4DL

 Xfba1-4B {98105}.    FBA001.  (6D).
 Xfbb24-4B [{98105}].  [Xfbb24b-4B {98105}].  FBB024.  (3B).
 Xfba41-4B {9657,98105}.    FBA041.  
 Xgwm179-5A,4D {9839}.    WMS 179F/WMS 179R.  
 Xgwm291-5A {9839}.    WMS 291F/WMS 291R.  
 Xgwm410-5A {9839}.    WMS 410F/WMS 410R.  
 Xmwg616-5A {9839}.    MWG616 {96109}.  
 Xipk1(Tria)-4B, 4D, 5A [{98101}].  [XTria {98101}].  Tri a III {98103}.  
 XksuG30-5A [{98105}].  [XksuG30b-5A {98105}].  pTtksuG30 {309}.  (1A, 2D, 3B, 4A, 6A,B).


Group 4
 Xglk575-4B,D {98125}.    pTag575 {98126}.  
 Xgwm149-4B [{9839}].    WMS 149F/WMS 149R.  
 Xgwm198-4A [{98119}].    WMS 198F/WMS 198R.  


Group 5S
 Xbcd207-5A {98105}.    BCD207 {96124}.  (1A).
 Xfbb238-5B {98105},5D {9657}.    FBB238.  (7A).
 Note: The arm location of Xfbb238-5D was not reported in {9657}.
 Xglk407-5A {98105}.    pTag407 {594}.  (2B).
 Xglk424-5A {594,98105}.    pTag424.  
 Note : the arm location of Xglk424-5A was not reported in {594}.
 Xgwm129-5A [{98119}].    WMS 129F/WMS 129R.  
 Xgwm234-5B [{98119}].    WMS 234F/WMS 234R.  
 Xgwm304-5A [{98119}].    WMS 304F/WMS 304R.  
 Xmtd116-5B {98105}.    MTD116 {98129}.  


 XNor 10 {98134}3.  [Nor10 {98134}].  pTa71.  
 Xfba43-5A {98105}.    FBA043.  (4A).
 Xfba65-5B {98105}.    FBA065.  (2D, 4A, 6A, 7A).
 Xfba359-5A {98105}.    FBA359.  (2B, 4A, 6B).
 Xfbb292-5B {98105}.    FBB292.  
 Xglk510-5A [{594,98105}],5B [{594,98105}]. [Xglk510a {594,98105}, Xglk510b {594,98105}].  pTag510.  
 Note: The arm locations of Xglk510-5A,B were not reported in {594}.
 Xgwm118-5B [{98119}].    WMS 118F/WMS 118R.  
 Xgwm129-5A {9839}.    WMS 129F/WMS 129R.  
 Xgwm174-5D [{98119].    WMS 174F/WMS 174R.  
 Xgwm186-5A {9839}.    WMS 186F/WMS 186R.  
 Xgwm272-5D [{98119}].    WMS 272F/WMS 272R.  
 Xtam75-5A {179,98105},5B,D {179}.    TAM75.  
 Note: The arm locations of Xtam75-5A,B,D were not reported in {179}.
 Xwpg15-5B [{98108}].  [WPG15 {98108}].  WPG15.  
 Xwpg35-5B [{98108}].  [WPG35 {98108}].  WPG35.  
 Xwpg79-5B [{98108}].  [WPG79 {98108}].  WPG79.  
 Xwpg90-5B [{98108}].  [WPG90 {98108}].  WPG90.  
 Xwpg176-5B [{98108}].  [WPG176 {98108}].  WPG176.  
 Xwpgp90-5B [{98109}].  WPG90F/WPG90R.    


Group 5
Note: The following markers were moved to the 5S group.

Note: The following markers were moved to the 5L group.
Xtam75, Xglk510

 Xfba259-5B {98107}.    FBA259.  (7B).
 Xmta9-5D {98107}.    MTA9 {98129}.  


Group 6
Note: The following markers were moved to 6S.

 Xfbb61-6B {98105}.    FBB061.  (2A).
 Xfbb156-6B [{98105}].   [Xfbb156b-6B {98105}].  FBB156.  (3BS, 3BL, 5D, 7A).
 Xgwm325-6D [{98119}].    WMS 325F/WMS 325R.  
 Xkuj77-6A,B,D {98125}.     pTac77 {98127}.  


Group 7S
 Xfbb53-7B {98105}.    FBB053.  
 Xfbb324-7B [{98105}].  [Xfbb324b-7b {98105}].  FBB324.  (2B, 3D).
 Xgwm60-7A [{98119}].    WMS 60F/WMS 60R.  
 Xgwm68-7B [{98119}].    WMS 68F/WMS 68R.  
 Xgwm130-7D [{98119}].    WMS 130F/WMS 130R.  
 Xgwm260-7A [{98119}].    WMS 260F/WMS 260R.  
 Xgwm297-7B [{98119}].    WMS 297F/WMS 297R.  
 XksuD18-7B [{98105}]. [XksuD18a-7B {98105}].   pTtksuD18 {309}.  (2A,B,D, 4D).



Group 7AS:4AL:7DS

 XksuF36-4A {98105}.    pTtksuF36.  (2D, 6D).
XksuG49-4A [{98105}].  [XksuG49c-4A {98105}].  pTtksuG49.  (2D, 6A).


Group 7L
 Xfba71-7A [{98105}].  [Xfba71a-7A {98105}].  FBA071.  (2A).
 Xfbb222-7A {98105}.    FBB222.  (6D).
 Xfbb366-7A,D [{98105}].  [Xfbb366a-7A, Xfbb366b-7D {98105}].  FBB366.  
 XGlu-7A [{98154}]3.    pTdUCD1 {9658}.  
 XksuA1-7D [{98105}].  [XksuA1b-7D {98105}].  pTtksuA1 {309}.  (1B, 5B).
 XksuA3-7B {98105}.    pTtksuA3 {309}.  (5D).
 XksuF2-7B {98105}.    pTtksuF2 {309}.  (2A,D).
 Xtam51-7A {179,98105}.    TAM51.  (4A,B).
 Note: The arm location of Xtam51-7A was not reported in {179}.
 Xwg232-7A [{98105}].  [Xwg232a-7A {98105}].  WG232 {96124}.  (1A, 4A, 5A).


Group 7
 Xipk3(Mtase}-7A,B,D [{98101}].  [XMtase {98101}].  Mtase.  
 XSbeI-7A,B,D *{98145}.     wSBE I-D2 clone 7.8.  


Gametocidal Genes

1. Gametocidal activity

Revised to:
 Gc1-B1a {9849}.  Gc1a {1084}, Gc1 {1081}.  2B {1084}.   i: CS*8/Aegilops speltoides subsp.aucheri {1081}.
 Gc1-B1b {9849}.  Gc1b {1084}.  2B {1084}.   i: CS*8/Ae. speltoides subsp. ligustica {1084}.
 Gc1-Sl1 {9849}.  Gc-S13 {9849}.  2S^1 {9850}.  ad: CS/Ae. sharonensis {9850}.
 Gc2-Sl1a {9849}.  Gc-S11 {9849}.  4S^1{9851}.  ad: CS/Ae. longissima {9851}.
 Gc2-Sl1b {9849}.  Gc-S12 {9849}.  4S^1 {9852}. ad: CS/Ae. sharonensis {9852}.
 Gc3-C1 {9849}.  Gc-C {9849}. 3C {9853}. ad: CS/Ae. triuncialis {9854}.

Gc1-B1a, Gc1-B1b and Gc1-S1, classified in the same functional group, are hypostatic to the genes Gc2-S11a and Gc2-S11b. Gc3-C1 does not interact with the Gc genes in the other two groups. In addition to these genes, chromosomes carrying gametocidal genes occur in Ae. caudata {9855} and Ae. cylindrica {9856} and other strains of Ae. longissima and Ae. sharonensis {9857,9858}.

Genes with gametocidal activity (Sd1 {1211} and Sd2 {9868}) in wheat are present in homoeologous group 7 chromosomes of Thinopyrum elongatum {471,1211}.

 Sd1 {1211}.    7D {1211}.  v: Agatha Sd2 {1211,9868}.
 Sd2 {9868}.    7BL {9867}.  v: 88M22-149 {9867,9868}.

In the presence of both Sd1 and Sd2, Lr19 is transmitted preferentially in heterozygotes, the degree of distortion being determined by genetic background. In heterozygotes with the same background, and in the presence of only Sd2, Lr19 shows strong self-elimination. Based on these results, it seems likely that the Sears' translocation 7D-7Ag#7 does not carry Sd1 {660}.

Orthology amonggs1, gs6, gs8 of barley (2HS){96109}, wa1 of rye (7RL){9837} and gl2 of maize {98114} was indicated in {9837}.

 W3I [{98154}].  I3-W {98154}.  1BL {98154}. tv: T. turgidum var. dicoccoides.

Glume Colour

1. Red (brown/bronze)
Rg3 :
Add '{9862}' to symbol and chromosome location references and add 'v: L'govskaya-47 {9861}.'
Move paragraph beginning 'The majority ...' to top and add 'The 1A gene, Rg3, was eventially identified linked to Gli-A1 {9861} and shown to cosegregate with Hg {9860}. A linkage order of Glu-A1 - cent - Gli-A1 - Hg - Rg3 was reported {9860}.
Replace sentence 'Rg3 was ...' with '{9861} reports a further block of 30 international varieties which, by inference from their Gli-A1 alleles, probably also carry Rg3.'

2. Black
Revise the 'Bg' listing to the following:
 'Bg {916}.    1A {916}, 1AS {96119}.
 s: CS*7/Indian 1A {916}.
dv: G1777, G3116 {96119}.
 Bga {96119}.
[Bg(a) {96119}].    dv: G1777.
 Bgb {96119}.
 [Bg(b) {96119}].    dv: G3116.
 bg {96119}.
     dv: DV92, G2528.

Bga and Bgb and are dominant and cause a solid black glume and a black line at the margins of the glume, respectively. bg is recessive and causes a non-black glume.'

6. Chocolate Chaff
add '7BS {9701}' in the third column and 'PI349056 {9701}' in the fourth column.

Grain Hardness

Insert prior to listing of the Gsp-1 set:
'Friabilin consists mainly of puroindoline a and puroindoline b and, although both soft and hard wheats possess them, distinction between the two textural types depends upon the manner in which the friabilin binds to starch. See Puroindoline (Proteins 5. VIII).'

Hairy/Pubesent Auricles

 Pa {add 9884}.  4BS {add 9884}.  

Hairy glume

 hg1 {9861}.    v: Ulyanovkn {9861}; Pionerskaya {9861,98124}.

The likelihood of three alleles, hg (hairless), Hg1 (weakly hairy) and Hg (very hairy), with hg1 being recessive to Hg and causing a short (weak) hairy phenotype, was mentioned in {9861}.'


is the general symbol.

Reduced Height : GA-insensitive
Rht1, see Rht-B1b; Rht2, see RhtD1b; Rht3, see Rht-B1c; Rht10, see Rht-D1c .


Rht-D1 {9748}. 4D {281,414,1132}, 4DS {698,896, see also 9748}. ma: Xpsr1871(Pki)-4D - 4cM - Rht-D1 - 6 cM - Xubc821(PhyA)-4D {9547}.

Rht-D1a {9748}. v: Tall wheats {9748}, e.g. Chinese Spring.
Rht-D1b {9748}. [Rht2, Sd2 {12}]. Partially recessive {21}, recessive {242}, semi-dominant {289}. 4D {281}, 4DS {698}. i: See {289, 279}. v: Combe {405}; Era {285}; Gaines Sib 2 {12}; Jaral {285}; Kite {831}; Maris Hobbit {281}; Pitic 62 {405}; Songlen {178}. Oleson Rht-B1b {242}; Norin 10-Brevor 14 Rht-B1b {12}; Selection D6301 Rht-B1b {242}.
Rht-D1c {9748}. [Rht10 {896}]. Dominant {89}. v: Ai-bian {1132,896}. ma: Xpsr921-4D (4DS) - 0.8 cM - Rht-D1c - 28 cM - Xgwm165-4D (4DL) {98117}.
Rht-D1d {9748}. [RhtAi-bian 1a {9749}]. Semi-dominant {9748}. v: Ai-bian 1a (spontaneous mutant of Ai-bian 1) {9749}.

Reduced Height : GA-sensitive
{404}. Recessive. v: Burt ert 937, CI 15076 {403,518}.
Rht5 {518}. v: Marfed ert 1, M1, CI 13988 {518,519,1168}.
Rht6 {519}. Recessive. v: Brevor {406}; Burt {406,519}; Norin 10-Brevor 14 Rht-B1b Rht-D1b {406}.
Rht7 {1172}. 2A {1172}. v: Bersée Mutant A {1172}; Bersée Mutant C {1172}.
Rht8. 2D {555,1171,1170}, 2DL. s: Capelle-Desprez*/ Mara 2D {1171}. v: Novasadska Rana 1 {1176}; Sava {1171,279}, Akakomugi Rht9 {840}; Mara Rht9 {840}. ma: Xgwm484-2D (proximal) - 19.9 cM - Rht8 - 0.6 cM - Xgwm261-2D (distal) {98118}.
Rht9. 7BS {555,1171}. s: Capelle-Desprez*/Mara 5BS-7BS {1171}. v: Acciao {519}; Forlani {519}. Akakomugi Rht8 {1171}; Mara Rht8 {1171}.
Rht11 {519}. v: Karlik 1 {519}.
Rht12 {519}. Dominant. 5A {1045,9531}. v: Karcagi 522M7K {522}. ma: Rht12 is located distally on 5AL cosegregating with the gene B1 and closely linked to N-Amy-A1 {9531}. Xgwm291-5A - 5.4cM - Rht12 {9839}.
Rht13 {519}. v: Magnif 41M1, CI 17689 {519}.
Rht14 {519}. v: Cp B 132 {94} = Castelporziano, PI 347331 {519}.
Rht15 {519}. tv: Durox {519}.
Rht16 {519}. v: Edmore M1 {519}.
Rht17 {519}. v: Chris Mutant, CI 17241 {800}.
Rht18 {519}. tv: Icaro {519}.
Rht19 {519}. tv: Vic M1 {519}.
Rht20 {519}. v: Burt M860 {519}.
Börner et al. {9748} found no evidence of orthologous GA-insensitive genes in rye, but reviewed evidence for orthologous GA-insensitive genes.

Herbicide Response

3. Chlortoluron Insensitivity

 Su1.    tv: B-35 {98104}.
 su1.    tv: B-7 {98104}.

Revise the previous 'ma:' entry to 'Xpsr312-6B - 5.3 cM - Su1 - 6.8 cM - Xpsr477(Pgk2)-6B {96108}.'
Add to the 'ma:' section:
'Nor2 (6BS) - 2.7 cM - Su1 {98142} - 5.2 cM - Xpsr371-6B (6BL) {98104}.'

Hybrid Weakness

2. Hybrid Chlorosis Type 1

Add at end of section: 'A gene, Chr1, in rye produces chlorosis symptoms in hybrids with wheats possessing Ch2, such as C306, HD2939 and NI5439 {9816}. Evidence for multiple alleles of Chr1 was also presented {9816}.'

Chr1 {9816}. dv: Cereal rye lines, EC179188 = WSP527A{9816}; EC143825 = WSP506A {9816}; EC338685 = Blanco {9816}; others {9816}.

chr1 {9816}. dv: EC179178 {9816}; EC179185 SAR/SWPY5{9816}.

Lack of Ligules

'Evidence for orthology of lg1 and lg2 with lg of rice {96111}, lg1 of maize {98116}, li of barley {98111} and al of rye was presented in {9837}.'

Nuclear-Cytoplasmic Compatability Enhancers

 scs {98138}.  1A {98136}, 1AL {98137}.  v: T. timopheevi {98138}.
ma: A number of completely linked RAPD makers were identified {9812}.

Asakura et al. {9812} used the symbol Ncc as a synonymn for scs, pointing out that the effects of the gene are not limited to a single species.

Nucleolar Organizer Regions
18S - 5.8S - 26S rRNA genes
Nor-B2; change 6BS reference '252' to '251'.


Revise the previous 'ma:' entry to 'Or (proximal in 7AS) - 13 cM - Xpsr119-7A {9740}.'


1. Grain Protein Content

Revise the previous QGpc.ndsu 'ma:' entries to include the complete symbol for each DNA marker, as follows:
'QPro.mgb-4B associated at P>=0.001 with Gai1 and Xpsr622-4B {9739}2.
QPro.mgb-5A associated at P>=0.05 with Xpsr911-5A {9739}2.
QPro.mgb-6A.1 associated at P>=0.01 with Xpsr167-6A and XksuG8-6A {9739}2.
QPro.mgb-6A.2 associated at P>=0.05 with Xmgb56-6A {9739}2.
QPro.mgb-7B associated at P>=0.01 with Xpsr490(Ss1)-7B and Pc {9739}2.'

2. Enzymes

III. Aminopeptidase
 Amp-Mv2 {9836}.   4Mv {9836}  su: H-93-33 {9836}.

VII. Esterase
; in the last column, add 'rye popn' after 'DS2 x RxL10'.
Est-R8; change the last-column entry to 'ad: CS/Imperial, CS/KingII.'

VIII. Glucosephosphate isomerase
Add comment: 'GPI zymogram phenotypes observed in Triticum and Aegilops species were reported in {98147, 98148}.'

XV. Phosphogluconate dehydrogenase
Delete the previous listing and substitute the following:
 'Pgd1 [{96119}].  [Pgd3 {96119}, Pgd-A3 {98156}]. 7AmS {96119}.'    v: T. monococcum.

XXVIII. N-Glucosidase.
 N{96119}.  2AmL.  dv: DV92.
 N{96119}.     dv: DV92.
 N {96119}.     dv: G3116 (Null).

3. Endosperm storage proteins
I. Glutenins

In the preamble, after the sentence that ends '...the transcribed portion of the gene {255}.', add the following, '(Definitive evidence that subunit 21* {98152}, which has a mobility close to that of subunit 21, is a 'x-type' protein rather than a 'y-type' protein has not been obtained, however.)'

After 'Glu-A1s', add
 Glu-A1t [{98152}].  21* {98152}.  v: W29323, W 3879, W 31169.

After 'Glu-A1-1s', add

 Glu-A1-1t {98152}.   21* {98152}.   v: W29323, W 3879, W 31169.

Glu-A1-1t' is a provisional designation because definitive evidence that subunit 21*, which has a mobility similar to that of subunit 21, is a 'x-type' and not a 'y-type' protein has not been obtained.

After 'Glu-Ht1', delete the sentence that begins 'The symbol Glu-2, formerly used...' and add the following:
 Glu-B2 {98155, 98154}.  [XGlu-B2 {98154}].  1BS.  s: CS*/Cheyenne 1B, Langdon*/T. turgidum var. dicoccoides 1B{98154}.

II. Gliadins
Add the following paragraphs at the end of the preamble:

'Recombination was observed within the gliadin multigene family at XGli-A1 {98154}. These closely linked genes may correspond to Gli-A1 and Gli-A5, but they were temporarily designated XGli-A1.1 and XGli-A1.2 until orthology with Gli-A1 and/or Gli-A5 is established.
A number of novel gliadin alleles were reported in {98153}; they will be included in the next supplement to the catalogue'.

Add the following comment after Gli-A4: 'Dubcovsky et al. {98154} did not find evidence for the simultaneous presence of both Gli-A3 and Gli-A4 in five 1A or 1Am mapping populations and concluded that Gli-A4 should be considered to be Gli-A3 until conclusive evidence for the former is obtained.'
Gli-B3 was designatedGlu-B2 {420} until the name of the locus was changed in {792}.

4. Water-soluble proteins

Wsp-D1c {9840}.    v: T4 = Agatha {9840,639}; Indis {639,641}.

5. Other proteins

VI. Waxy protein
To first sentence in parenthesis add: '= ADP glucose glycosyl tranferase, EC2.4.1.21 = GBSS.' Change second sentence to 'Waxy proteins, characterised by starch granules containing increased amylopectin and reduced amylose, are preferred for Japanese white salted or "udon" noodles {9897}.'
Add to preamble: 'Waxy phenotypes are controlled by orthologous genes in barley, maize and rice, but are not known in rye {9837}.'

Wx-B1b . Add: 'v: For list of Australian wheats, see {9897}.'

VIII. Puroindolines
Puroindolines a and b are the major components of friabilin, a protein complex that is associated with grain texture (see 'Grain Hardness'). Hard wheats result from unique changes in the puroindoline amino acid sequence or (currently) a null form of one of the completely linked genes (max. map distance 4.3 cM) {9822}.
 Pina-D1a {9822}.  5DS {9822}  v: CS {9822}; Heron {9823}.
 Pina-D1a is present in all soft hexaploid wheats and possibly all hard hexaploid wheats carrying the Pinb-D1b mutation {9822, 9823}.
 Pina-D1b {9823}.    v: Falcon {9823}; Butte 86 {9823} (null).
 Pina-D1b may be present in all hard hexaploid wheats not carrying the Pinb-D1b mutation {9822, 9823}.
 Pinb-D1a{9822}.  5DS {9822}.  v: CS {9822}; Hill 81 {9822}.
 Pinb-D1a is present in all soft hexaploid wheats and possibly all hard hexaploid wheats carrying the Pina-D1b mutation {9822,9823}.
 Pinb-D1b{9822}.  5DS {9823}.  s: CS (Cheyenne 5D) {9822}. v: Wanser {9822}.
 Pinb-D1b may be present in all hard hexaploid wheats not carrying the Pina-D1b (null) mutation {9822,9823}. Wheats with Pinb-D1b contain a Gly-46 to Ser-46 change in amino acid sequence {9822}.
 Wx-B1b . Add: 'v: For list of Australian wheats, see {9897}.'

Response to Salinity

Variation in K+/Na+ discrimination ratios correlate with salt tolerance, high ratios being indicative of higher tolerance.
 Kna1 {9810}.   4DL {9810}.  v: hexaploid wheats {9810}.
T4BS.4BL-4DL {96128}. tv: tr: Various lines {9810}.
T4BS.4BL-4DL-4BL {9811}. tv: tr: Selection 3*5-4 {9811}.
   ma: Kna1 was found to be completely linked with Xabc305-4B, Xabc305-4D, Xbcd402-4B, Xbcd402-4D, Xpsr567-4B, Xpsr567-4D, Xwg199-4B and Xwg199-4D in recombined T. turgidum 4B and T. aestivum 4D chromosomes {96128, 9811}.

Response to Tissue Culture

QTL loci mapped include:
 Qtcr.ipk-2B.1 [{98110}]. [Tcr-B1 {98110}].  Is weakly associated with Xpsr102-2B.
 Qtcr.ipk-2B.2 [{98110}].  [Tcr-B2 {98110}].  Is linked closely and distal to Ppd2.
 Qtcr.ipk-2B.3 [{98110}].  [Tcr-B3 {98110}].  Is linked to Yr7/Sr9g.

Response to Vernalization

Vrn-1 {9880}.
Orthologous series in long arms of chromosomes of homoeologous Group 5.

Vrn-A1 {9880}. [Vrn1 {829}, Sk {2}]. 5AL {558,633}. i: Triple Dirk {828,829}. s: Kharkov 22MC*/Rescue 5A {243}; Winalta*8/Rescue 5A {626}. Rescue*/Cadet 5A Vrn-D1 Vrn-B1 {860}. v: Cadet {860}; Conley {828}; Diamant II {625}; Falcon {829}; Koga II {1181}; Kolben {1,828,829}; Konosu 25 {315}; Marquis {1}; Reward {828}; Saitama 27 {315}; Saratov 29 {633}; Saratovskaya 29 {635}; Saratovskaya 210 {633}; Shabati Sonora {635}; Thatcher {828}; WW15 {829}. Shortandinka Vrn-B1 {635}; Takari Vrn-B1 {253}. Hope Vrn-B4 {1026}. ma: Vrn-A1 - 7.5cM - Xwg644-5A {9839}.

Cultivars possessing Vrn-A1 are insensitive to vernalization. Vrn-A1 is epistatic to other genes. According to {860}, Vrn-A1 is not always fully dominant and not always epistatic. Kuspira et al. {53l} attributed single gene variation in T. monococcum to the Vrn-A1 locus. Multiple recessive alleles were suggested {531}. Vrn-Am1 was mapped on the long arm of chromosome 5Am closely linked to the same RFLP markers as Vrn-1 {9877}.

Vrn-1 should be orthologous to Vrn-H1 {Sh2/Sgh2} of barley {9839,9873,9874} and Vrn-R1 {Sp1} of rye {9839,9875} based on map locations using common RFLP markers.

Vrn-B1 {9880}. The literature indicates this gene is located in chromosome 5BL. Because the previously designated genes Vrn4 and Vrn2 are probably the same, or allelic, the listing of information will follow earlier formats under the previous synonymns. Stelmakh {1026} doubted the existence of Vrn4.

[Vrn4 {830}]. 5B {635}, 5D {9438}, 5BL {635}. s: Rescue*/Cadet 5A Vrn-A1 Vrn-D1 {635}. v: Mara {1181}; Pirourix 28 {635}. Shortandinka Vrn-A1 {860}.

[Vrn2 {829}, Ss {2}]. 5B {9428,9433}, 5BL or 7BL {9438}. Earlier location of 2B {625} was not correct. i: Triple Dirk B {829}. Brown Schlanstedt {1,2,828,829}; Bersee {396}; Cadet {860}; Festiguay {829}; Milturum 321 {635}; Milturum 553 {635}, Noe {2}; Spica {396}. Borsum Vrn1 {1}; Dala Vrn1 {1}; Diamant 1 Vrn1 {1}; Halland Vrn-A1 {1}; Haruhikari Vrn-A1 {633}; Rubin Vrn-A1 {1}; Triple Dirk Vrn-A1 {830}. Gabo Vrn4 {829}.

In some studies, genotypes were subdivided. Carriers of Vrn2a did not react to 15 and 30 days vernalization. Carriers of Vrn2b showed accelerated heading after 15 and 30 days vernalization {9428,9433}.

[Vrn2a = Vrn2 {9428,9433}]. i: Ank-18 {9428,9433}. s: Saratovskaya 29*8/Mironovskaya 808 {9433}; Saratovskaya 29*8/Odesskaya 51 5A {9433}. v: Pirothrix 28 {9433}. Saratovskaya 29 Vrn-A1 {9433}.

[Vrn2b = Vrn2 {9428,9433}]. s: Diamant 1*8/Mironovskaya 808 5A {9433}; Diamant 1*8/Skorospelka 35 5A {9433}. v: Magali; Milturum 321 {9433}; Milturum 553 {9433}; Ulyanovka 9 {9433}. Diamant 1 Vrn-A1 {9433}; Novosibirksaya 67 Vrn-A1 {9433}.

Vrn-D1 {9880}. [Vrn3 {829}]. 5DL {558,633}. i: Triple Dirk E {829}. s: Rescue*/Cadet 5A Vrn-A1 Vrn4 {860}. v: Chinese Spring {829}; Norin 61 {315}; Shinchunaga {315}; Shirasagi Komugi {315}; Ushio Komugi {315}. Rescue Vrn-B1 {860}.

Vrn-2 {9877}.
Orthologous series in chromosomes of homoeologous group 4. Vrn-Am2 was located in T. monococcum {9877} on chromosome 5Am on the 4Am translocated region. Vrn-H2 (sh/sgh1) occurs in barley chromosome 4H {9876} and is probably orthologous to Vrn-Am2 based on comparative maps {9877,9874}.

Vrn2a {9877}. Winter habit - dominant in diploid wheat. dv: G1777 {9877}; G3116 {9877}.
Vrn2b {9877}. Spring habit. dv: DV92 {9877}.

Vrn-3 {9880}.
Orthologous series in chromosomes of homoeologous group 1 predicted from orthology with Vrn-H3 (Sh3) in barley chromosome 1H {9876,9878}. Aneuploid and whole chromosome substitution experiments showed that all group 1 chromosomes of wheat carry genes affecting response to vernalization {9879}.

Vrn-4 {9880}.
To date, only Vrn-B4 has been detected.

Vrn-B4 {9880}. [Vrn5, eHi {557} {552}]. 7BS {553,557}. The distal region of 7BS has been translocated with a chromosome segment with homoeology to the distal region of 5AL. It is not known if Vrn-4 is located in the region homoeologous to 5L or 7S. s: CS*/Hope 7B Vrn-D1 {553}. v: Hope Vrn-A1 {1026}.

References to additional studies are given in {1026}.
 Stock  Genotype  Vernalization Response
 Triple Dirk  Vrn-A1 vrn-B1 vrn-D1  No
 Kolben  Vrn-A1 vrn-B1 vrn-D1  No
 Festiguay   vrn-A1 vrn-B1 vrn-D1  Yes
 Gabo   vrn-A1 vrn-B1 vrn-D1  Yes
 Chinese Spring   vrn-A1 vrn-B1 Vrn-D1  Yes

Winter cultivars carry recessive alleles at all loci. Differences among winter wheats with respect to vernalization requirements seem to be due to multiple recessive alleles {830}. Two genes may determine differences between winter wheats requiring 20 days and 60-65 days of vernalization {3l6}.

Restorers for Cytoplasmic Male Sterility

2. Restorers for T. longissimum cytoplasm

 Vi {98135}.  1B{98136}, 1BS {98137}.   v: T. turgidum{98135}.
Probably derived from a cv. Selkirk T. aestivum line with T. cylincricum cytoplasm {98135}.

3. Restorers for photoperiod-sensitive Aegilops crassa cytoplasm

Morai &Tsunewaki {9898} described photoperiod-sensitive CMS caused by Aegilops crassa cytoplasm in bread wheat cv. Norin 26. Almost complete sterility occurred when plants were grown in photoperiods of 15h or longer.

 Rfd1 {9899}.  7BL{9899}.  v: Chinese Spring{9899}.
A different system of restoration occurs in cv. Norin 61, where at least four chromosomes, 4A, 1D, 3D and 5D, appear to be involved {9899}.

Ribosomal RNA

5S rRNA genes

. Add 'v: Chinese Spring {98133}' in the last column.

Add the following comments at the end of the '5SrRNA genes' section:
'The 5S-Rrna-1 loci were physically mapped in 1AS, 1BS, and 1DS and the 5S-Rrna-2 loci were physically mapped in 5AS, 5BS, and 5DS of Chinese Spring using deletion lines {98133}.
Table 1 in {98134} lists the chromosome or chromosome arm locations of rRNA loci in 12 Triticeae species.'

Pathogenic Disease/Pest Reaction

Reaction to Diuraphis noxia
 Dn2  7DL {98132}.
 v: PI262660 {98132}.
ma: XksuA1-7D - 9.8 cM - Dn2 {98132}.
 Dn4  1DL {98132}.  v: CORWA1 {9866}; CI2401 {9866}; PI151918 {9866}; PI372129 {98132}.
ma: Xabc156-1D - 11.6 cM - Dn4 {98132}
 Dn5     i: Palmiet derivative 92RL28 {9623}.
 Dn6     v: CI6501 {9866}.

Reaction to Erysiphe graminis
 v: Zhengzhou 871124 {9870}.
ma: Co-segregation or close linkage with three RAPDs; one
RAPD converted to a STS {9870}.
 Lists in {9883} (Western Siberia).
 Pm1a {9862}.
  Pm1 {9862}.  v: See earlier lists.
 Pm1b {9862}.
   v: MocZlatka {9862}.
 Pm1c {9862}.
 Pm18 {1189,9862}.  v: M1N (see earlier Pm18).
 Pm1d {9862}.
   v: T. spelta var duhamelianum TRI2258 {9862}.
 Pm2.    v: Orestis {98158}.
 Pm3.    Revise 'ma:' listing to'Pm3 - 3.3 cM - Xwhs179-1A {9650}.'
 Pm4b.    v: Ronos {98158}.
 Pm5.    v: Kormoran {98158}.
 Pm6.    v: Coker747 {98158}.
 Pm8.    v: Others: {9809}.
 Crosses between three lines with Pm8 and Helami-105, a 1BL.1RS line with Pm17, indicated that Pm8 and Pm17 were allelic {9628}. Earlier, these genes were reported to be genetically independent {1060}.
Su-Pm8. Su-Pm8 occurs at high frequency in CIMMYT-generated wheats {9863,9809}. Further genotypes are identified in {9865}.
 Pm12.  T6BS-6SS.6SL {429}.  
 Pm13.  3B {135}, T3BL.3BS-3Sl#1S {9844}.   tv: T. longissimum derivative
R1A {136}.
   3D {135}, T3DL.3DS-3Sl#1S {9644}.   tv: T. longissimum derivative
R1D {136}.
 Pm17.  T1AL.1RS {9628}  v: Amigo {9628}; Century {9894}; TAM107 {9894}; TAM200 {9894}; TAM201 {9894}.
 Pm18.  See Pm1c.  ma: RAPD OPH171900 (synonym 'OPH17-1900') was associated with Pm21 and RAPD OPH171000 (synonym 'OPH17-1000') with its absence {9803}.
 Pm24 {9805}.  6D {9805}.   v: Chiyacao {9805}.
 Lists in {9844} (Chinese wheats).
Temporary designations:
 PmTmb {9802}.     v: NC94-3778 {9802}.
dv: T. monococcum PI427662 {9802}.
ma: Associated with 3 RAPDs {9802}.

Reaction to Fusarium graminearum
Disease : Fusarium head scab (= Fhs).
 Fhs1 {9888}.  v: Line A {9888}.  Ning 7840 Fhs2 {9888}.
 Fhs2 {9888}.  v: Line B {9888}.  Ning 7840 Fhs1 {9888}.

Reaction to Heterodera avenae
 Cre1.     i: AP = Prins*8/AUS10894 {9845}.
ma: Xglk605-2B - 7.3cM - Cre1 - 8.4cM -
Xcdo588-2B/Xabc451-2B {9845}.

Reaction to Mayetiola destructor
 H3.    ma: Cosegregation of H3 and a RAPD {98141}.
 H5.    ma: Cosegregation of H5 and two RAPDs {98141}.
 H6.    ma: Cosegregation of H6 and three RAPDs {98141}.
 H9.    ma: Cosegregation of H9 and two RAPDs {98141}.
 H10.    ma: Cosegregation of H10 and one RAPD and close linkage of H10 to another RAPD {98141}.
 H11.    ma: Close linkage of H11 to two RAPDs {98141}.
 H12.    ma: Cosegregation of H12 and one RAPD and close linkage of H12 to another RAPD {98141}.
 H13.    ma: Cosegregation of H13 and a RAPD {98141}.
 H14.    ma: Cosegregation of H14and a RAPD {98141}.
 tv: IN80164 {9885}.
ma: Cosegregation of H16 and a RAPD {98141}.
 H17.    ma: Cosegregation of H17 and a RAPD {98141}.
 H19.    tv: IN84702 {9885}. PI422297 H29 {9885}.
 H23.    ma: H23 - 6.9 cM - XksuH4-6D {9815}.
 H24.  6DL {9815}.  ma: H24 - 5.9 cM - Xbcd451-6D/Xcdo482-6D {9815}.
 H27 {9836}.  4Mv {9836}.  su: H-93-33 {9836}.
al: Ae. ventricosa No. 10 {9836};
Ae. ventricosa No. 11 {9836}.
 H28 {9886}.  5A {9886}.   tv: PI59190 {9886}.
 H29 {9887}.  [H27 {9886}]. 5A {9885}.   tv: PI422297 H19 {9885}.

Reaction to Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides

Phc2. Add '7AL {98144}' in the third column.
ma: Xcdo347-7A (distal) - 11 cM - Pch2 - 18.8 cM - Xwg380- 7A (proximal){98144}.

Temporary Designation:
 PchDv {9808}.  4V {9808}.  ad: Wheat + 4V {9808}.
s: Wheat 4V (group IV) {9808}.

Reaction to Puccinia graminis
 Sr21.  See also Sr45.  
 Sr22.    i: Others {9817}.
Others {9817}.
ma: Hexaploid derivatives with Sr22 carried "alien" segments of varying lengths; the shortest segment was distal to Xpsr129-7A {9817}.
 Sr24.  Add 'ma: All lines with Sr24 also possess Lr24; see Lr24.'
 Sr25.  Add 'Refer to Lr19 for linkage information.'
 Sr32.  2A {660, 916}, T2AL.2S#1L-2S#1S {9644}.  v: C95.24 {9644}.
 2B {916}, T2BL/2S#1S {9644}.  v: C82.1 = P80-14.1-2 {9644}.
 2D {916}, T2DL-2S#1L.2S#1S  v: C82.2 = P80-139.1-4 {9644}.
 2D {916}.  v: C82.3 = P80-132.2-2 {660,916}; C82.4 =
P80-153.1-2 {660,916}.
 Sr34.  2D {689}, T2DS-2M#1L.2M#1S {9644}.  
 2A {689}, T2AS-2M#1L.2M#1S {9644}.  
 2M {689}.  
  Sr36.     v: Others {9644}.
 Sr40.  Derived from T. araraticum T2BL/2G#2S {9644}.
 Sr45 {9831}.  SrD {9832}; SrX {1805}. 1D {9881},1DS {9831}.
 v: 87M66-2-1 {9831}. 87M66-5- 6 {9881}Thatcher + Lr21, RL5406 {9831,9832}.
Various backcross derivatives developed at PBI Cobbitty {1058}.

dv: T. tauschii RL5289 {9831,9832}.


Tests of natural and induced mutants of P. graminis f. sp. tritici indicated that Sr45 has identical specificity to Sr21 {9832}.

Reaction to Puccinia recondita
 Lr9.  T6BS.6BL-6U#1L {9644}.  The structures of additional translocations are given in {9644}.
 ma: Xcdo426-1A - 5.1cM - Lr10 {9636};
Lr10 - 8 cM -Glu-A3 {9818}.
ma: Completely linked with Lrk10 ,which encodes a protein kinase {9864}.
ma: Cosegregation with Xsfr1(Lrk10) and Xsfrp1(Lrk10) {98106}.
 Lr17a {9891}.  [Lr17].  
 Lr17b {9891}.  [LrH {9647}, WBR2 {9892}].  v: Harrier {9891}; Norin 10 - Brevor, 14 {9891}; Maris Fundin {9891}. Hobbit Sib = Dwarf A Lr13 {9891}.
 Lr18.  T5BS.5BL-5G#1L {9644}.  
 Lr19.  7BL {9867}.  v: 88M22-149 {9867}; L503 {9843}; L513 {9843}; Sunnan {9895}.
ma: Cosegregation with Ep-D1d {9826}.
ma: Prins et al. {9872} studied 29 deletion mutants in Indis to determine the gene order: Sd-1 - Xpsr105 - Xpsr129 - Lr19 - Wsp- D1 - Sr25 - Y.
 Replace the note at the end of the section with 'Knott {489} obtained two mutants (28 and 235) of Agatha possessing Lr19, but with reduced levels of yellow pigment in the flour. Marais {639,641} obtained mutants and recombined lines with intermediate levels of, or no, yellow pigment. It was shown that in recombinant line 88M22-149 lacking yellow pigment, Lr19 was transferred to chromosome 7BL {9867}.'
The chromosome with Lr19 in Indis is probably identical to that in Agatha {9872}.
 Lr21.    v: AC Cora Lr13 {9824}.
 Lr22a.    v: AC Minto Lr11 Lr13 {9824}.
 Lr24.  1B {9628}.
 v: Amigo {9628}.
ma: Cosegregation with RAPD marker that was converted to a SCAR {9871}.
 Lr25.    ma: Cosegregation with a RAPD {98130}.
 Lr27.    ma: Positive association with XksuG53-3B {9636}.
 Lr28.  T4AS.4AL-7S#2S {9644}.  ma: Lr28 was tagged using STS primer OPJ-02378 {9896}.
 Lr29.  7DL-7e#1L.7Ae#1S {9644}.  ma: Cosegregation with two RAPDs {98130}.
 Lr31.     ma: A positive association with XksuG10-4B {9636}.
 Lr43.  7DS (98159}.  
 Lr46 {9821}.  1B {9821}.  s: Lalbahadur (Pavon 1B) Lr1 {9821}.
v: Pavon F76 Lr1 Lr10 Lr13 {9821}.
 Complex genotypes: AC Domain Lr10 Lr16 Lr34 {9859}; Grandin Lr2a Lr3 Lr10 Lr13 Lr34 {9627}; Opata 85 Lr10 Lr37 + Lr31 Lr34 {9636}; Roblin Lr1 Lr10 Lr13 Lr34 {9824}.
Genotype Lists: {9825} (U.S.A.)

Temporary Symbols:
 LrTb {9859}.  Adult plant resistance {9859}.  v: AC Taber Lr13 Lr14a {9859}.

Reaction to Puccinia striiformis
 Yr2.  7B {9830}.  Yamhill Yr4a {9830}.
 Yr3a.  1B {9830}.  Druchamp {9830}; Stephens {9830}.
 Yr3c.  1B {9830}.  Minister {9830}.
 Yr4a.  6B {9830}.  Vilmorin 23 {9830}. Yamhill Yr2 {9830}.
 Yr4b.  6B {9830}.  Hybrid 46 {9830}.
 Yr15.    tv: D447 derivatives B1,B2,B9,B10 {9806}.
ma:tv: OPB131420 - 27.1cM - Yr15 - 11.0cM - Nor- B1 {9806}.
Yr26 {9807}.  6AS (6AL.6VS) {9807}.  v: Yangmai-5 {9807}. Derived from Haynaldia villosa (Daspyrum villosum).
Yr27 {9889}.   [YrSk {9649}]. 2BS {9889}.   v: Ciano 79 {9889}; Selkirk {9889}.
 Yr27 is present in many CIMMYT wheat lines {9889} and possibly Webster. Yr27 is closely linked with Lr13 (repulsion).
 Yr28 {9890}.  4DS {9890}.   v: Synthetic = Altar 84/T. tauschii W-219. Synthetic/Opata 85 SSD.
dv: T. tauschii W-219 {9890}.
 Yr22 was also reported for chromosome 4D but in the absence of an appropriate single gene stock and the unavailability of avirulent cultures in most laboratories, tests of linkage with Yr28 data are unlikely to be available in the foreseeable future.

Temporary Symbols:
 YrDru.  5B {9830}.  Druchamp {9830}.
 YrDru2.  6A {9830}.  Druchamp {9830}.
 YrH46.  6A {9830}.  Hybrid 46 {9830}.
 Not the same gene as YrDru2 {9830}.
 YrMin.  4A {9830}.  Minister {9830}.
 YrND.  4A {9830}.  Nord Desprez {9830}.
 May be the same as YrMin {9830}.
 YrSte.  2B {9830}.  Stephens {9830}.
 YrSte2.  3B {9830}.  Stephens {9830}.
 YrV23.  2B {9830}.  Vilmorin {9830}.
 Allelic but not the same as YrSte {9830}.
 YrYam.  4B {9830}.  Yamhill {9830}.

Reaction to Pyrenophora tritici-repentis

1. Insensitivity to tan spot toxin
Revise the previous 'ma:' entry to 'Xbcd1030-5B - 5.7 cM - tsn1 -16.5 cM - Xwg583-5B {9629).'

Reaction to Schizaphis graminum
 Gb5.  7S {266}. T7S#1L.7S#1S-7AS {9644}.

Reaction to Tilletia spp.
 Bt10.    v: Others {9804}.
ma: Bt10 completely linked with a 590 bp fragment produced by UBC primer 196 {9804}. RAPD - 1.5 cM +/- 1.5cM - Bt10 {9829}.

Reaction to Ustilago tritici
 Ut-x {98131}.   2BL{98131}.  v: Biggar BSR {98131}.
ma: Xcrc4-2B - 14 cM - Ut-x - 10 cM - Xabc153-2B.2 {98131}. Xcrc4-2B (synonym 'Xcrc4-2B.2') is a SCAR.

Resistance to colonization by Eriophyes tulipa
 Cmc2. 6A, T6AS.6Ae#2S {9644}.
5B, T5BL.6Ae#2S {9644}.
 v: 875-94-2 {9644}.

Reaction to Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus
 Wsm1.  4A {9833}, T4AL-2S {266}.  v: C1 17766 = B-6-37-1 {266,9833,9834}.
   T6AS.4Ai#2L + T6AL-4Ai#2S {9644}.  v: CI17883 {9644}.
ma: Wsm1 cosegregated with a STS amplified by the primer
set STSJ15 {9819}.

Seedling Leaf Chlorosis
 sc {98157}.  3BS{98157}.  s: CS*/Hope3B {98157}.
v: Hartog {98157}; Suneca {98157}; wheats with Sr2 {98157}.

Leaf chlorosis is affected by temperature and light and is enhanced by infection with pathogens. sc is completely linked with Pbc (pseudo-black chaff) and Sr2 (reaction to Puccinia graminis).

Temperature-Sensitive Winter Variegation

This phenotype involves reduced vigour and chlorotic patches on leaves of certain genotypes in Ae. umbellutata cytoplasm when grown at low temperatures {9813}.

 Vgw{9893}.  Variegation is dominant {9813}. [Vg {9893}]. 5BL {9893}.  v: Bersée {9813}; Cappelle- Desprez {9813}; Hobbit Sib {9813}; Mara {9813}.
 vgw {9893}.  [vg {9893}].  v: Besostaya I {9813}; CS {9813}; Poros {9813}; Sava {9813}; T. spelta {9813}.

Genetic Linkages

 Chromosome 1A
 1AS  Rg3 -  Hg  0    {9860}.
   Rg3 -  Gli-A1 1.01 % +/- 0.56 %  {9860}.
   Hg -  Gli-A1 2 % +/- 1.14 %  {9861}.
         0.03 % +/- 0.31 %  {9860}.
         0.79 % +/- 0.81 %  {9861}.
         2.24 % +/- 1.31 %  {9860}.
         2.64 % +/-0 .98 %  {9861}.
         3.8 % +/- 3.8 %  {9861}.
    - Gli-A3 25.17 % +/- 4.27 % {9860}.
    -  Glu-A1 I    {9860}.
   Gli-A1 - Gli-A3 22.73 % +/- 4.07 %  {9860}.
         22.42 cM +/- 3.61 cM  {9814}.
    -  Glu-A3  1.5 cM +/- 0.3 cM  {9726}.
    -  Glu-A1 I    {9860}.
    -  Glu-A5 1.94 cM 0.01 cM  {9842}.
   Glu-A3 - Glu-A1  37.55 % +/- 5.05 %  {9860}.
 Chromosome 1B
 1BS  Rg1 -  Gli-B1  2.84 %  +/- 1.39 %  {9861}.
    -    4.05 %  +/- 1.52 %  {9861}.
    -    0    {9861}.
   Glu-B2 -  XGli-B1  0    {98154}.
 1BS & L  Glu-B3 -  Glu-B1  29.9 cM   +/- 6.0 %  {98149}.
 Chromosome 2A
 2AS bh - centromere  8.5 cM +/- 2.1 cM  {9701}.
 Chromosome 2B
 2BS  Lr23 - centromere 20 cM    {9636}.
 Chromosome 4B
 4BS  Hl -  Pa  30 cM    {9884}
Chromosome 4D
 4DL Alt2 - Kna1 12.5 cM   {9757}.
 Chromosome 5A
   H28 -  H9  22 cM    {9886}.
   H29 -  H16  close    {9885}.
Chromosome 5B
 5BL  centromere -  Ne1  6 cM    {9893}.
   Ne1 -  Vg  11 cM    {9893}.
   Vg -  Ibf-B1  35 cM    {9893}.
 Chromosome 6A
 6AL  centromere -  Sr26 0    {9838}.
 Chromosome 6B
 6BS  tv: Nor2 -  Xpsr312  24.8 cM    {98104}.
   tv: Xpsr312-6B  Su1  5.5 cM    {98104}.
   tv: Su1  alpha-Amy-1  9.84 cM    {98104}.
 Chromosome 7A
 7AS  Xpsr119-7A -  or  13 cM    {9740}.
 7AL  cn-A1 -  centromere  46.6 cM  +/- 3.8 cM  {9701}.
 Chromosome 7B
 7BS  cc -  centromere  33.5 cM  +/- 4.1 cM  {9701}.
 7BL  cn-B1  centromere  42.6 cM  +/- 4.3 cM  
Chromosome 7D
 7DS  Lr43 -  centromere  I    {98159}.

. Revise authors to: Jia J, Devos KM, Chao S, Miller TE, Reader SM & Gale MD.
834. Saidi A & Quick JS. 1996. Inheritance and allelic relationships among Russian wheat aphid resistance genes in winter wheat. Crop Science 36(2): 256-258.
1178. Change to '1179'.
9414. Change to '429'.
9419. Riede CR, Williams ND & Miller JD. 1995. Wheat lines monogenic for resistance to stem rust from the wheat cultivar 'Waldron'. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 90: 1164-1168.
9501. Qi LL, Chen PD, Liu DJ, Zhou B, Zhang SZ, Shang BQ, Xiang QJ, Duang XY & Zhou YL. 1995. The gene Pm21- a new source for resistance to wheat powdery mildew. Acta Agriculture Sinica 21: 257-261.
9502. Chromosoma 103: 179-185.
9507. In the 'Reaction to Puccinia striiformis' section only, replace with '9607'.
9546. Change to '9551'.
9617. Plant Breeding 115: 273-275.
9636. Nelson JC, Singh RP, Autrique JE & Sorrells ME. 1997. Mapping genes conferring and suppressing leaf rust resistance in wheat. Manuscript .
9646. Change to '1061'.
9651. Ren SX, McIntosh RA, Sharp PJ & The TT. 1996. A storage protein marker associated with the suppressor of Pm8 for powdery mildew resistance in wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 93: 1054-1060.
96116. Change to '9507'.
9701. 1997. Journal of Heredity 88: 229-232.
9706. Change to '9686'.
9742. Molecular and General Genetics 254: 584-591.
9743. Change '1997' to '1998'.
9751. Crop Science 37: 1586-1589.
9754. Change '1997' to '1998'.
9757. Euphytica 91: 31-35.

. Ma R, Zheng DS & Fan L. 1996. The crossability percentages of 96 bread wheat landraces and cultivars from Japan and rye. Euphytica 92: 301-306.
9802. Shi AN, Leath S & Murphy JP. 1996. Transfer of a major gene for powdery mildew resistance from wild einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum var. boeoticum) to common wheat (Triticum aestivum). Phytopathology 86: 556.
9803. Qi LL, Cao MS, Chen PD, Li EL & Liu DJ. 1996. Identification, mapping, and application of polymorphic DNA associated with resistance gene Pm21 of wheat. Genome 39: 191-197.
9804. Demeke T, Laroche A & Gaudet DA. 1996. A DNA marker for the Bt-10 common bunt resistance gene in wheat. Genome 39: 51-55.
9805. Huang XQ, Hsam SLK & Zeller FJ. 1997. Chromosomal location of genes for resistance to powdery mildew in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell.) 4. Gene Pm24 in Chinese landrace Chiyacao. 1997. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 95: 950-953.
9806. Sun GL, Fahima T, Korol AB, Turpeinen T, Grama A, Ronin YI & Nevo E. 1997. Identification of molecular markers linked to the Yr15 stripe rust resistance gene of wheat originated in wild emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccoides. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 95: 622-628.
9807. Jones SS. 1997. Personal communication.
9808. Jones SS. 1997. Personal communication.
9809. Ren SX, McIntosh RA & Lu Z. J. 1997. Genetic suppression of the cereal rye-derived gene Pm8 in wheat. Euphytica 93: 353-360.
9810. Dvorák J & Gorham J. 1992. Methodology of gene transfer by homoeologous recombination into Triticum turgidum: Transfer of K+/Na+ discrimination from Triticum aestivum. Genome 35: 639-646.
9811. Luo M-C, Dubcovsky J, Goyal S & Dvorák J. 1996. Engineering of interstitial foreign chromosome segments containing the K+/Na+ selectivity gene Kna1 by sequential homoeologous recombination in durum wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 93: 1180-1184.
9812. Asakura N, Nakamura C, & Ohtsuka I. 1997. RAPD markers lined to the nuclear gene from Triticum tiropheevii that confers compatability with Aegilops squarrosa cytoplasm on alloplasmic durum wheat. Genome 40: 201-210.
9813. Worland AJ & Law CN. 1983. Cytoplasmic variation in wheat. 1982 Annual Report, Plant Breeding Institute, Cambridge. Pp. 79-80.
9814. Nieto-Taladriz MT & Carrillo JM. 1996. Complexity of the Gli-A3 locus in bread wheat. Plant Breeding 115: 192-194.
9815. Ma ZQ, Gill BS, Sorrells ME & Tanksley SD. 1993. RFLP markers linked to two Hessian fly-resistance genes in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) from Triticum tauschii (Coss.) Schmal. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 85: 750-754.
9816. Tomar SMS & Singh B. 1998. Hybrid chlorosis in wheat x rye crosses. Eupytica 99: 1-4.
9817. Paull JG, Pallotta MA, Langridge P & The TT. 1994. RFLP markers associated with Sr22 and recombination between chromosome 7A of bread wheat and the diploid species Triticum boeoticum. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 89: 1039-1045.
9818. Feuillet C, Schachermayr G & Keller B. 1997. Molecular cloning of a new receptor-like kinase gene encoded at the Lr10 disease resistance locus of wheat. The Plant Journal 11: 45-52.
9819. Talbert LE, Bruckner PL, Smith LY, Sears R & Martin TJ. 1996. Development of PCR markers linked to resistance to wheat streak mosiac virus in wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 93: 463-467.
9820. Shi AN, Leath S & Murphy JP. 1996. Indentification of a major gene for powdery mildew resistance from wild einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum ssp aegilopoides) to common wheat (T. aestivum). Manuscript.
9821. Singh RP. 1997. Personal communication.
9822. Giroux MJ & Morris CF. 1997. A glycine to serine change in puroindoline b is associated with wheat grain hardness and low levels of starch-surface friabilin. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 95: 857-864
9823. Morris CF & Giroux MJ . 1997. Personal communication.
9824. Kolmer JA. 1997. Virulence in Puccinia recondita f. sp. tritici isolates from Canada to genes for adult plant resistance to wheat leaf rust. Plant Disease 81: 267-271.
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