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GrainGenes Reference Report: TAG-98-1208

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Cloning and characterization of a gene encoding wheat starch synthase I.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics
Li Z
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A cDNA clone, and a corresponding genomic DNA clone, containing full-length sequences encoding wheat starch synthase I, were from a cDNA library of hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum) and a genomic DNA library of Triticum tauschii, respectively. The entire sequence of the starch synthase-I cDNA (wSSI-cDNA) is 2591 bp, and it encodes a polypeptide of 647 amino-acid residues that shows 81% and 61% identity to the amino-acid sequences of SSI-type starch synthases from rice and potato, respectively. In addition, the putative N-terminal amino-acid sequence of the encoded protein is identical to that determined for the N-terminal region of the 75-kDa starch synthase present in the starch granule of hexaploid wheat. Two prominent starch synthase activities were demonstrated to be present in the soluble fraction of wheat endosperm by activity staining of the non-denaturing PAGE gels. The most anodal band (wheat SSI) shows the highest staining intensity and results from the activity of a 75-kDa protein. The wheat SSI mRNA is expressed in the endosperm during the early to mid stages of wheat grain development but was not detected by Northern blotting in other tissues from the wheat plant. The gene encoding the wheat SSI (SsI-D1) consists of 15 exons and 14 introns, similar to the structure of the rice starch synthase-I gene. While the exons of wheat and rice are virtually identical in length, the wheat SsI-D1 gene has longer sequences in introns 1, 2, 4 and 10, and shorter sequences in introns 6, 11 and 14, than the corresponding rice gene.
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