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GrainGenes Reference Report: TAG-105-237

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QTLs affecting kernel size and shape in a two-rowed by six-rowed barley cross
Theoretical and Applied Genetics
Ayoub M
Symons SJ
Edney MJ
Mather DE
Summary: The suitability of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) grain for malting depends on many criteria, including the size, shape and uniformity of the kernels. Here, image analysis was used to measure kernel size and shape attributes (area, perimeter, length, width, F-circle and F-shape) in grain samples of 140 doubled-haploid lines from a two-rowed (cv Harrington) by six-rowed (cv Morex) barley cross. Interval mapping was used to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting the means and within-sample standard deviations of these attributes using a 107-marker genome map. Regions affecting one or more kernel size and shape traits were detected on all seven chromosomes. These included one near the vrs1 locus on chromosome 2 and one near the int-c locus on chromosome 4. Some, but not all, of the QTLs exhibited interactions with the environment and some QTLs affected the within-sample variability of kernel size and shape without affecting average kernel size and shape. When QTL analysis was conducted using data from only the two-rowed lines, the region on chromosome 2 was not detected but QTLs were detected elsewhere in the genome, including some that had not been detected in the analysis of the whole population. Analysis of only the six-rowed lines did not detect any QTLs affecting kernel size and shape attributes. QTL alleles that made kernels larger and/or rounder also tended to improve malt quality and QTL alleles that increased the variability of kernel size were associated with poor malt quality
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