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GrainGenes Reference Report: TAG-130-2127

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Reference
TAG-130-2127
Title
Validation and characterization of a QTL for adult plant resistance to stripe rust on wheat chromosome arm 6BS (Yr78)
Journal
Theoretical and Applied Genetics
Year
2017
Volume
130
Pages
2127-2137
Author
[ Hide all but 1 of 8 ]
Dong Z
Hegarty JM
Zhang J
Zhang W
Chao S
Chen X
Zhou Y
Dubcovsky J
Abstract
Key message. This study validated one QTL for adult plant resistance to stripe rust, identified donor lines of the resistance allele, and demonstrated that it is different from previously named Yr genes. Abstract. The spread of more virulent and aggressive races of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst, causal pathogen of stripe rust) after the year 2000 has caused substantial yield losses worldwide. To find new sources of resistance, we previously performed a genome-wide association study and identified a strong QTL for adult plant resistance on the short arm of chromosome 6B (QYr.ucw-6B). In this study, we validated QYr.ucw-6B in ten biparental populations, and mapped it 0.6 cM proximal to IWA7257 and 3.9 cM distal to IWA4408. We showed that QYr.ucw-6B is located approximately 15 cM proximal to the all-stage resistance gene Yr35 and that none of the resistant lines carries the previously cloned Yr36 gene. Based on these results, QYr.ucw-6B was assigned the name Yr78. This gene was not effective against Pst at the seedling stage, suggesting that it is an adult plant resistance gene. Yr78 has been effective against Pst races present in field experiments performed in the Western USA between 2011 and 2016. Since this gene is predicted to be present at low frequency in wheat germplasm from this region, it can provide a useful tool to diversify the sources of resistance against this devastating pathogen.
External Databases
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-017-2946-9
Gene
Yr78 (Triticum)
Germplasm
PI 519805
Locus
Yr78
Map Data
Wheat_Yr78_2017
QTL
QYr.ucw-6B

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