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GrainGenes Reference Report: CRS-40-370

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Association of puroindoline sequence type and grain hardness in hard red spring wheat
Crop Science
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Giroux MJ
Talbert L
Habernicht DK
Lanning S
Hemphill A
Martin JM
Summary: Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) endosperm texture is a primary determinant of milling and end-product quality. Friabilin, a marker protein for grain hardness, is composed of two proteins, puroindoline a and b (pinA and pinB, respectively). Hard-textured wheats have variant alleles consisting of a glycine-to-serine change in pinB (pinB-D1b) or the complete absence of pinA (pinA-D1b). Our objectives were to examine the influence of pinA and pinB alterations on grain hardness from populations among elite hard red spring wheat cultivars differing in puroindoline alteration, and to measure associations of grain hardness with kernel weight and grain protein concentration. Fifty F3:6 progenies from three pinA-D1b X pinB-D1b, one pinB-D1b X pinB-D1b, and one pinA-D1b X pinA-D1b type crosses were evaluated with their parents in two field experiments. Lines classified as pinA-D1b were significantly harder than lines classified as pinB-D1b when averaged across the three segregating populations. This difference was significant (P < 0.05) in one of the three populations. Significant genetic variation existed for grain hardness, protein concentration, and kernel weight within puroindoline classes and among lines from crosses not segregating for pinA-D1b vs. pinB-D1b. Significant positive correlations were observed in all five populations for grain hardness and protein concentration (r = 0.46-0.79). Our results indicate that most of the genetic variation in grain hardness among the populations studied was due to factors other than pinA and pinB, as the pinA-D1b vs. pinB-D1b difference explained <12% of the variation in grain hardness in these hard wheat populations
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