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GrainGenes Reference Report: AGE-77-268

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Reference
AGE-77-268
Title
National and international wheat improvement research in the post-green revolution period: evolution and impacts
Journal
American Journal of Agricultural Economics
Year
1995
Volume
77
Pages
268-278
Author
Byerlee D
Traxler G
Abstract
The role of IARC generated technology in the global system of spring wheat improvement is examined for the period, 1977-90. Nine of the thirty-eight developing countries that produce spring wheat demonstrate the capacity to develop varieties from their own crosses; the other countries focus on screening CIMMYT germplasm for direct release. Over 40% of spring wheat area is sown to 'direct transfer' CIMMYT varieties, indicating that CIMMYT research remains an important complement to NARS research. An ex post rate of return above 50% is estimated for wheat research investments in developing countries, with the highest returns occurring in the South Asia region and in irrigated and high-rainfall environments. Future returns above 35% are projected.
Keyword
adaptive-technology-transfer
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