A Database for Triticeae and Avena
MINUTES OF THE WHEAT CROP GERMPLASM COMMITTEE
24 March, 2000.
Las Vegas, NV, USA.
The meeting was called to order by Chair Stephen Jones, Washington
State University, and seven members were in attendance. Other
members in attendance were Steven Leath, Harold Bockelman, John
Moffatt, Alan Stoner, Gina Brown-Guedira, and Kim Campbell.
Jones passed out copies of the updated and revised by-laws
and the new membership list. Jones and Stoner reviewed the history
of the committee, from formation in the 1970' as a subcommittee
of NWIC to its independence in the 1980s.
Report from the National Small Grains Collection.
H. Bockelman reported that the collection continues to grow.
New additions included additional accessions from the Sando collection
and more triticale entries.
The ARS may add as many as 6,000-7,000 wheats collected in
Iran to the collection. A question was raised as to whether all
the entries be added or only selected lines. Many of these lines
are other species and durum wheats but most are T. aestivum.
We know the source geographic source but not other descriptors,
and some may be duplicates.
The ARS continues to add images of spikes for entries in the
collection. The Aberdeen facilities are adequate to increase in
the collection by 30,000-35,000 more entries.
Campbell reported that the Line's USDA-ARS position is open
and will close soon. Leath gave an update on positions in St.
Paul and on the National Program Staff.
USDA PVP issues.
Campbell discussed whether or not the ARS should use PVP for
cultivars and/or germ plasm. Clearly, the ARS still wants full
access and availability to the germ plasm that it releases. Leath
discussed some recent release examples, such as those with ARS
Trait evaluations in the collection and
A discussion was held on the need to prioritize trait evaluations
for entries in the Small Grains Collection. Currently evaluations
are being completed by Line, Eversmeyer, Brown-Guedira, Hatchett,
McVey, Radcliffe, and Steffenson (barley). Yue Jin and Leath both
reported no money was available for evaluation. A goal was set
to have a summary of germ plasm evaluations and funding for the
collection by the meeting in 2001.
A lack protein and other quality data was noted. The committee
felt that the collection needs a priority list of screening needs
including quality evaluations and $150,000/year for exploration.
The trait evaluation subcommittee of Campbell and Brown-Guedira
have made a list of current priorities and the committee should
be reviewed by the committe annually. Bockelman noted that molecular
data should be considered as an evaluation need.
Discussion of the Vavilov Collection.
In a summary of an IPGR report, Bokelman and Stoner indicated
that the condition of the collection was much worse than most
western researchers realized. Stoner will get accurate report
of the collection and report to the committee if a letter of support
Ownership issues as related to international
Moffatt reported that at the NWIC meetings, Sears informed
him that CIMMYT may start charging for germ plasm based on CIMMYTs
estimation of what recipients could afford. Fees could be as high
Stoner reminded the committee that the FAO holds this germ
plasm and it is 'in trust' at the centers. Part of material is
to be freely exchanged; for example, gene bank material. 'Non-designated
material' from their programs can be 'sold'. He further explained
that the centers lost European money under new EU laws and guidelines;
for example, Germany cut contributions by 50 %. Jones will get
accurate information on the germ plasm issues. Letters to ARS
-and AID administrations may be needed.
Meeting dates and locations.
The committee discussed the merits of meeting with the NWIC
and NAWG. Interest in meeting with NWIC was shown. However, the
committee feels it can better interact with NAWG by meeting in
the autumn and sending a representative to the NAWG meetings with
finalized ideas. The committee voted to meet early in 2001 with
NWIC and NAWG; in Beltsville, MD, in the late autumn of 2001,
and send a representative to the NWIC (if necessary) and NWAG