Abbreviations used in this volume.

VI. ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS VOLUME.

Plant diseases, pests, and pathogens:

  • BMV = barley mosaic virus
  • BYDV = barley yellow dwarf virus
  • CCN = cereal cyst nematode, Heterodera avenae
  • FHB = Fusarium head blight
  • RWA = Russian wheat aphid
  • SBMV = soilborne mosaic virus
  • SLB = Septoria leaf blotch
  • WDF = wheat dwarf mosaic
  • WSBMV = wheat soilborne mosaic virus
  • WSMV = wheat streak mosaic virus
  • WSSMV = wheat spindle streak mosaic virus
  • E. graminis f.sp. tritici = Erysiphe graminis f.sp. tritici = the powdery mildew fungus
  • F. graminearum = Fusarium graminearum = head scab fungus
  • F. nivale = Fusarium nivale = snow mold fungus
  • H. avenae = Heterodera avenae = cereal cyst nematode
  • P. triticina = Puccinia recondita f.sp. tritici = leaf rust fungus
  • P. striiformis f. sp. tritici = Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici = strip rust fungus
  • P. graminis = Polymyxa graminis = wheat soilborne mosaic virus vector
  • R. cerealis = Rhizoctonia cerealis = sharp eyespot
  • R. solani = Rhizoctonia solani = Rhizoctonia root rot
  • R. padi = Rhonpalosiphum padi = bird cherry-oat aphid
  • S. tritici = Septoria tritici = Septoria leaf spot fungus
  • S. graminearum = Schizaphus graminearum = greenbug
  • St. nodorum = Stagonospora nodorum = Stagonospora glume blotch
  • T. indica = Tilletia indica = Karnal bunt fungus

Scientific names and synonyms of grass species:

  • A. strigosa = Avena strigosa
  • Ae. cylindrica = Aegilops cylindrica = Triticum cylindricum
  • Ae. geniculata = Aegilops geniculata = Aegilops ovata = Triticum ovatum
  • Ae. peregrina = Aegilops peregrina = Ae. variabilis = Triticum peregrinum
  • Ae. speltoides = Aegilops speltoides = Triticum speltoides
  • Ae. tauschii = Aegilops squarrosa = Aegilops tauschii =Triticum tauschii
  • Ae. triuncialis = Aegilops triuncialis = Triticum triunciale
  • Ae. umbellulata = Aegilops umbellulata = Triticum umbellulatum
  • Ae. ventricosa = Aegilops ventricosa = Triticum ventricosum
  • S. cereale = Secale cereale = rye
  • T. aestivum = Triticum aestivum = hexaploid wheat
  • T. aestivum subsp. macha = Triticum aestivum subsp. macha = Triticum macha
  • T. aestivum subsp. spelta = Triticum spelta
  • T. araraticum = Triticum araraticum = Triticum timopheevii subsp. armeniacum
  • T. dicoccoides = Triticum dicoccoides = Triticum turgidum subsp. dicoccoides= wild emmer wheat
  • T. dicoccom = Triticum dicoccom = T. dicoccon
  • T. durum = Triticum durum = T. turgidum subsp. durum = durum, pasta, or macaroni wheat
  • T. militinae = Triticum militinae
  • T. monococcum subsp. aegilopoides = Triticum monococcum subsp. aegilopoides = Triticum boeoticum
  • T. monococcum subsp. monococcum = Triticum monococcum subsp, monococcum = Triticum monococcum
  • T. timopheevii subsp. armeniacum = Triticum araraticum =Triticum araraticum
  • T. timopheevii subsp. timopheevii = Triticum timopheevii
  • T. turgidum subsp. dicoccom = Triticum turgidum subsp. dicoccon = Triticum dicoccum = Triticum dicoccom
  • T. turgidum subsp. durum = Triticum durum = durum, pasta, or macaroni wheat
  • T. urartu = Triticum urartu
  • Th. bessarabicum = Thinopyrum bassarabicum
  • Th. intermedium = Thinopyrum intermedium

Scientific Journals:

  • Agron Agstr = Agronomy Abstracts
  • Ann Wheat Newslet = Annual Wheat Newsletter
  • Cereal Res Commun = Cereal Research Communications
  • Curr Biol = Current Biology
  • Eur J Plant Path = European Journal of Plant Pathology
  • Int J Plant Sci = International Journal of Plant Science
  • J Cereal Sci = Journal of Cereal Science
  • J Hered = Journal of Heredity
  • J Phytopath = Journal of Phytopathology
  • J Plant Phys = Journal of Plant Physiology
  • Mol Gen Genet = Molecular and General Genetics
  • PAG = Plant and Animal Genome (abstracts from annual meetings)
  • Plant Breed = Plant Breeding
  • Plant, Cell and Envir = Plant, Cell and Environment
  • Plant Cell Rep = Plant Cell Reporter
  • Plant Physiol = Plant Physiology
  • Sci Agric Sinica = Scientia Agricultura Sinica
  • Theor Appl Genet = Theoretical and Applied Genetics
  • Wheat Inf Serv = Wheat Information Service

Units of measurement:

  • bp = base pairs
  • bu = bushels
  • cM = centimorgan
  • ha = hectares
  • T = tons
  • cu m or m^3^ = cubic meters
  • µ = micron
  • me = milli-equivalents
  • mmt = million metric tons
  • mt = metric tons
  • sq m or m^2^ = square meters
  • Q = quintals

Miscellaneous terms:

  • Al = aluminum
  • AFLP = amplified fragment length polymorphism
  • ANOVA = analysis of variance
  • A-PAGE = acid polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
  • AUDPC = area under the disease progress curve
  • BW = bread wheat
  • CHA = chemical hybridizing agent
  • CMS = cytoplasmic male sterile
  • CPS = Canadian Prairie spring wheat
  • DH = doubled haploid
  • DON = deoxynivalenol
  • ELISA = enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
  • EMS = ethyl methanesulfonate
  • EST = expressed sequence tag
  • FAWWON = Facultative and Winter Wheat Observation Nursery
  • GA = gibberellic acid
  • GIS = geographic-information system
  • GM = genetically modified
  • HPLC = high pressure liquid chromatography
  • HMW = high molecular weight (glutenins)
  • HRSW = hard red spring wheat
  • HRWW = hard red winter wheat
  • HWSW = hard white spring wheat
  • HWWW = hard white winter wheat
  • ISSR = inter-simple sequence repeat
  • LMW = low molecular weight (glutenins)
  • MAS = marker-assisted selection
  • NILs = near-isogenic lines
  • NIR = near infrared
  • NSW = New South Wales, region of Australia
  • PAGE = polyacrylaminde gel electrophoresis
  • PCR = polymerase chain reaction
  • PFGE = pulsed-field gel electrophoresis
  • PMCs = pollen mother cells
  • PNW = Pacific Northwest (a region of North America including the states of Oregon and Washington in the United States and the province of Vancouver in Canada)
  • PPO = polyphenol oxidase
  • QTL = quantative trait loci
  • RAPD = random amplified polymorphic DNA
  • RCB = randomized complete block (design)
  • RFLP = restriction fragment length polymorphism
  • RILs = recombinant inbred lines
  • RT-PCR = real-time polymerase-chain reaction
  • SAMPL = selective amplification of microsatellite polymorphic loci
  • SAUDPC = standardized area under the disease progress curve
  • SCAR = sequence-characterized amplified region
  • SDS-PAGE = sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
  • SE-HPLE = size-exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography
  • SH = synthetic hexaploid
  • SNP = single nucleotide repeat
  • SRPN = Southern Regional Performance Nursery
  • SRSW = soft red spring wheat
  • SRWW = soft red winter wheat
  • STMS = sequence tagged microsatellite site
  • SWWW = soft white winter wheat
  • SSD = single seed descent
  • SSR = single sequence repeat
  • STS = sequence tagged site
  • TKW = 1,000-kernel weight
  • UESRWWN = Uniform Experimental Soft Red Winter Wheat Nursery