A Database for Triticeae and Avena
MINUTES OF THE WHEAT CROP GERMPLASM COMMITTEE
13 January, 2005.
San Diego, CA, USA.
Attendees: Harold Bockelman, Gina Brown-Guedira (Vice-Chair),
Kim Garland Campbell (Chair), David Marshall (Secretary), Dave
Matthews, Jackie Rudd, Kay Simmons, Maarten Van Ginkel, and David
Chairperson Kim Campbell convened the meeting at approximately
Harold Bockelman, Curator of the USDA-ARS National Small Grains
Collection (NSGC), distributed information concerning the PI assignments
during 2004. The PI number assignments for all wheat, rye, triticale,
and Aegilops accessions were disseminated to the attendees.
Within the collection, some difficulties in germination and viability
have been encountered, which are being investigated. All seed
previously produced in Arizona is being destroyed because of potential
Karnal bunt contamination. A nursery in Parlier, CA, is now being
used instead of Maricopa, AZ. The status of ancestral species
of wheat was discussed. Recent collections, such as the TTCC
(Texas-Turkey Cereal Collection) at Texas A&M University and
recent collections from Tajikistan and Kazakhstan have not yet
made in into the National Collection.
Maarten Van Ginkel presented an overview of the wheat genetic
resources at CIMMYT. Following a recent inventory, efforts have
been made to delete duplications, add GPS coördinates where
possible, and move into a role of evaluation and application of
the germ plasm and information present in the CIMMYT germ plasm
bank. Recent additions to the CIMMYT collection include approximately
10,000 Mexican landrace selections, 2,300 Iranian landrace selections,
and about 1,000 spring and 200 winter synthetic wheats. A motion
was made, seconded, and passed for the USDAARS NSGC (Harold
Bockelman) to obtain the 1,200 synthetics from CIMMYT. M. Van
Ginkel also updated the Committee on the 2004 reorganization of
Kay Simmons explained the National Plant Disease Recovery System,
which is to provide the tools, infrastructure, and capability
to mitigate plant disease outbreaks. Plant germ plasm plays a
key role in the ability to recover from a devastating disease.
A motion was made, seconded, and passed to reinstitute uniform
disease screening nurseries in order to determine resistance and
susceptibility levels in U.S. germ plasm.
D. Matthews presented the activities of GrainGenes for 2004.
Included were potential interactions with other databases and
the need for better interface for data queries and graphical displays
The report on the status and future of wheat germ plasm was hoped
to be completed by February 2005.
The meeting concluded at approximately 6:00 PM.