A Database for Triticeae and Avena
The loci Ml-p and ml-d were reported linked with locus at (albino
seedling) on chromosome 5 with, respectively, 36.65 and 12.08%
recombination (Briggs, 1945). Furthermore, the recombination frequency
between ml-d and Ml-p was 16.38% (Briggs, 1945), and that between ml-d
and Ml-a was 17.5% (Schaller and Briggs, 1955) whereas that between loci
Ml-p and Ml-a was very high 41.5 + 2.5%. But, in calculation of the
recombination frequencies, the authors paid no attention to possible
deviations from the expected Mendelian segregation ratio of each of the
powdery mildew resistance genes. If deviation had occurred, the
recombination percentages reported may be far from the true ones.
However, on accepting the recombination percentages reported (cf. Table
1) it was possible to map loci Ml-p and ml-d on barley chromosome 5
(Jensen and Jørgensen, 1975).
In Barley Genetics Newsletter Vol. 17, locus Ml-p was removed from
the linkage map of chromosome 5 (Jensen, 1987) based on some unpublished
data. The present report describes these data, which originate from six
crosses (Tables 2 to 7). The segregation data from Ml-p combined with
translocation T2-5a (Table 2) show no sign of linkage. This was
expected if Ml-p is located on chromosome 5 on its most likely position
according to the above data (Jensen, 1986).
The segregation data in Tables 3 to 7 show no significant linkage
to any of the following seven loci, with the map positions spread all
over the recent map of chromosome 5 (Jensen 1988): trd (pos. -73 cM)
Tables 5 and 6; fl (pos. -58 cM) Tables 3 and 4; at (pos. -14 cM) Tables
5 and 7; nec1 (pos. 0 cM) Table 7; ert-b (pos. 15 cM) Table 4; fs2 (pos.
18 cM) Table 7; and Pa4 (pos. 85 cM) Table 4. The numbers of F2
progenies tested from these crosses are so high that it is most unlikely
that locus Ml-p can be located in between any of these seven loci. In
addition, it should be noted that locus Ml-p is independently inherited
from two other chromosome 5 loci, Ml-k (pos. 63 cM) and Ml-at (pos. 85
cM), and it may be loosely linked, if linked at all, to Ml-a (Table 1).
Therefore, it must be concluded that locus Ml-p is not located on chromosome 5.
With respect to the possible association of locus ml-d with
chromosome 5 the following considerations are made. Firstly, a
consequence of the above is that the linkage reported between ml-d and
Ml-p (Table 1) cannot be used to show that ml-d is on chromosome 5.
Secondly, the linkage of ml-d with locus at, in position -14 cM on
chromosome 5, has a very high standard deviation (Table 1) reducing
severely the validity of this estimate. Thirdly, it is incomprehensible
that ml-d is linked with Ml-a, but not with Ml-k (Table 1), since it is
known that Ml-a and Ml-k are linked with about 8% recombination.
Lastly, the recombination reported in Table I may be confounded by
possible deviation from the expected Mendelian segregation ratios.
Taken together, the available data give no support for locus ml-d being
located on chromosome 5.
The conclusion is therefore: Ml-p is not located on chromosome 5
and it is now more likely that ml-d is located on chromosome 5 than on
any of the other barley chromosomes.
Briggs, F.N. 1945. Linkage relations of factors for resistance to
mildew in barley. Genetics 30:115-118.
Jensen, J. 1987. Coordinator's report: Chromosome 5. BGN 17:111-113.
Jensen, J. 1988. Coordinator's report: Chromosome 5. BGN 18:61-63.
Jensen, J., and J.H. Jørgensen. 1975. The barley chromosome 5 linkage
map. I. Literature survey and map estimation procedure. Hereditas
Moseman, J.G., and CA. Schaller. 1960. Genetics of the allelic series
at the Ml-a locus in barley and cultures of ' Erysiphe graminis f.s. hordei that differentiate these alleles. Phytopathology 50:736-741.
Schaller, CA., and F.N. Briggs. 1955. Inheritance of resistance to
mildew, Erysiphe graminis hordei, in the barley variety, Black
Russian. Genetics 40:421-428.
Scholz, F., and I. Nover. 1967. Genetische Untersuchungen mit einer
vollstandig mehltauresistenten Gerstenlinie. Kulturpflanze 15:242-254.