A Database for Triticeae and Avena
III.1. Hastened reproduction of barley hybrids in glasshouses.
F. Kh. Bakhteyev. Main Botanical Garden of the USSR Academy of Sciences,
Experiments on hastened reproduction of hybrid plants of cereal crops
in winter glasshouses, hydroponics and artificial light being applied,
have been carried out at the Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch, the
USSR Academy of Sciences. G. M. Lisovskij (1969) with his collaborators
selected light regime using xenon lamps of DCsTV type - 6000 with an additional
hydro filter. This regime contributes to security illumination as to its
vigour and spectral composition not inferior to sun light, Arrangements
controlling the conditions of nutrition and illumination being applied,
the receipt of two hybrid generations in winter period is a quite certain
The breeders of the Krasnojarsk Research Institute of Agriculture took
opportunity of this possibility and passed over to the said Institute of
Physics 3 pairs of spring barley hybrids. By next spring they were able
to receive F1 and F2 seeds. Their common coefficient of reproduction turned
to be near 140. With a view of finding out a possible after effect of growing
hybrid seeds under artificial conditions K. V. Dergachev and N. A Surin
(1971) compared these seeds with similar material, but grown under normal
field conditions. The results are adduced in Table 1.
Table 1. Aftereffect of conditions of reproduction
of barley hybrid seeds under artificial light and nutrition in a winter
glasshouse, compared with the seeds grown under normal field conditions.
Dergachev, K. V. 1971. In the magazine "Selektzija i Semenovodstv.
1:33-6. Moscow. (In Russian).
Lisovskij, G. M. 1969. In the magazine "Selektzija i Semenovodstvo",
6. Moscow. (In Russian).
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