A Database for Triticeae and Avena
I.14 Report from the International Committee of Nomenclature and
Symbolization of Barley Genes.
A. Hagberg and D. von Wettstein, members of the International Committee
of Nomenclature and Symbolization, prepared "Recommendations by the International
Committee for Assigning Barley Gene Symbols", the socalled "Document 3"
for publication in BGN, Vol. 1 with the necessary corrections to be made
by the chairman of the committee (T. Tsuchiya) based on the comments from
other members of the Committee. "Document 3" consists of the following
1. The Recommended Rules for Symbolization reported by the International
Committee on Genetic Symbols and Nomenclature, 1957, along with the (following)
amendments applying to Barley Gene Nomenclature and Symbolization.
2. The procedure for requesting a symbol for a new mutant.
3. The list of coordinators.
Some parts of Section (1) and the most of Section (2) were taken from
the "Proposals Concerning Genetic and Cytological Symbolization and Maintenance
of World Collections of Seed Stocks of Barley" (BGN. 1:3-10) and the "Comments
for the Proposal from Aberdeen Meeting" by A. Hagberg and D. von Wettstein
None of the members responded to that proposal at the time of publication
of BGN, Vol. 1. Therefore, the chairman understood that the other members
needed more time to review it and did not publish it in BGN, Vol. 1.
In August 1971, the members of Barley Genetics Committee of the American
Barley Research Workers' Conference met in Bozeman, Montana, U.S.A. for
further discussion and improvement of the proposal concerning the "Nomenclature
and Symbolization of Barley Genes". A new proposal was prepared by the
American Group after the suggestions and comments given by Hagberg and
Wettstein (BGN 1:11-14) and Takahashi (BGN, 2: 9-10 ) were considered and
published in this issue (BGN 2: 10-15). Informal discussions among three
members, J. G. Moseman, A. Hagberg, and D. von Wettstein indicated that
the principles and most of the parts of the proposals are agreeable to
each other. Consequently, the chairman of the International Committee has
made some changes in "Document 3" based on the comments given by G. A.
Wiebe, J. G. Moseman and T. Tsuchiya, and the copy was sent to all members
of the International Committee for further review.
The proposed final form of "Recommendations by the International Committee
for the Nomenclature and Symbolization of Barley Genes" to be recommended
for adoption at the International Barley Genetics Symposium to be held
in 1974 or 1975 is printed in this issue pp. 11-15.
The following procedure for requesting a symbol for a new mutant should
1. Submit to the chairman of the International Committee for assigning
Barley Gene Symbols the following information concerning the new mutant.
a. The name of the variety, hybrid selection, or stock in which the
mutant originally occurred.
b. The source of the mutation (spontaneous origin, induction with a
specific mutagenic agent, etc.)
c. Detailed description of the mutant phenotype including where appropriate,
morphological, physiological, and cytological details (see for detail,
BGN 1: 6-7). Photographs, slides, and/or line drawings illustrating the
mutant phenotype should be accompanied for application of gene symbols.
Color photographs and slides should be submitted for chlorophyll and other
color mutants except albino mutants. Line drawings should be submitted
where photographs do not adequately portray the mutant phenotype
d. Inheritance data.
2. Submit a suggested symbol and justification for its use in accordance
with recommended rules of symbolization.
3. Send seed samples (50 kernels or more) of the mutant and the original
variety in which it occurred to the Genetic Stock Center, Department of
Agronomy, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, U.S.A.
(Attention: Dr. T. Tsuchiya).
4. After the assignment of a permanent gene symbol by the committee,
the mutant stock will be assigned a Barley Genetic Stock (BGS) number.
5. Two copies of the reprints in which data regarding a new gene are
published should be sent to the Genetic Stock Center.
The following persons are serving as coordinators:
Overall coordinator: Dr. T. Tsuchiya, Agronomy Dept., Colorado State
University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, U.S.A.
Chromosome 1: Dr. R. F. Eslick, Dept. of Agronomy, Montana State University,
Bozeman, Montana, U.S.A.
Chromosome 2: Dr. G. W. R. Walker, Department of Genetics, Univ.
of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Chromosome 3: Dr. R. Takahasi, Ohara Inst. f. Agricultural Biology,
Okayama University, Kurashiki, Japan.
Chromosome 4: Dr. T. E. Haus, Dept. of Agronomy, Colorado State
University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, U.S.A.
Chromosome 5: Dr. N. A. Tuleen, Dept. Soil and Crop Sciences,
Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, U.S.A.
Chromosome 6: Dr. C. R. Burnham, Dept. of Agronomy, University
of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A.
Chromosome 7: Dr. A. Hagberg, Swedish Seed Association, Svalöf,
Genetic Stock Center: (Genetic stocks in general, trisomics and other
aneuploids): Dr. T. Tsuchiya, Department of Agronomy, Colorado State
Univ. Ft. Collins, Colorado 80521, USA
Translocations, tertiary trisomics and desynaptic genes: Dr. R.
T. Ramage, Department of Agronomy, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona
Translocation: Dr. A. Hagberg, Swedish Seed Association, Svalöf,
Inversion: Dr. R. A. Nilan, Department of Agronomy, Washington
State Univ., Pullman, Washington, 99163, USA.
Autotetraploid: Dr. H. Gaul, Max-Planck-Institut fur Zuchtungsforschung,
5 Koln-Vogelsang, Germany.
Pest resistant genes: Dr. J. G. Moseman, Plant Science Research
Division, ARS, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland 20705,
Erectoides, laxum genes: Dr. G. Persson and Mrs. U. Lundqvist,
Swedish Seed Association, Svalöf, Sweden.
Eceriferum genes: (glossy) Mrs. U. Lundqvist, Swedish Seed Association,
Svalöf, Sweden, and Mrs. B. Søgaard, Institute of Genetics,
Ø. Farimagsgade 2A, DK-1353, Copenhagen K., Denmark
Chloroplast genes: Dr. D.v. Wettstein and Mrs. K. Kristiansen,
Institute of Genetics, University of Copenhagen, Ø. Farimagsgade
2A, DK-1353, Copenhagen, Denmark
Male-sterile genes: Dr. E. A. Hockett, Department of Plant and
Soil Science, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59715, USA
Aristatum and all other mutant genes: Dr. A. Gustafsson and Mrs.
U. Lundqvist, Swedish Seed Association, Svalöf, Sweden.
Coordinators for the various chromosomes, for special gene collections
and for various chromosomal variations are necessary for the advancement
of barley genetics. These coordinators should be appointed by the Committee
on Genetic Marker Stocks, Nomenclature and Symbolization of the International
Barley Genetics Symposium. Workers studying special gene collections are
encouraged to act as coordinators during the period that they have an interest
in such a collection. The chairman of the Committee on Genetic Marker Stocks,
Nomenclature and Symbolization of the International Barley Genetics Symposium
should coordinate the appointments of coordinators for special gene collections.
He should publish a list of the active coordinators in each issue of the
Barley Genetics Newsletter.
The duties and responsibilities of the coordinators should be:
1. Maintain current information concerning their area and serve as a
source of information concerning that area.
2. Prepare an annual report for the Barley Genetics Newletter.
3. Maintain world collections of genetic and cytological seed stocks.
4. Perform, and encourage and support others to perform special work
necessary to the advancement of barley genetics.
5. If a coordinator feels that he cannot meet these and other special
duties and responsibilities as they develop he should notify the Chairman
of the Committee on Genetic Marker Stocks, Nomenclature and Symbolization
of the International Barley Genetics Symposium so that another coordinator
can be appointed.
We have received some comments on gene symbolization this year (see
this issue). We also expect other comments or suggestions from people interested
in barley genetics after reading this proposal. We would like to have a
final form to be presented at the next International Barley Genetics Symposium
to be held in Germany. Therefore, the International Committee for Nomenclature
and Symbolization requests constructive suggestions and comments which
should be sent to T. Tsuchiya or other members of the Committee.
To avoid chaos in future barley genetics research the question of nomenclature
is very important and equally important is that the rules adopted are followed.
Different groups naturally have different systems on material being genetically
and cytogenetically analysed as "work shop names or tags" on genes, mutants,
etc. If these preliminary names are published it has to be clearly stated
which group or collection these names apply. At present it is alarming
that different groups who are building up new mutant gene collections are
assigning to their mutants the same symbols which describe already existing
mutants. This must be avoided. Appropriate allele tests and checking on
the identity of the assigned loci and registration by the coordinators
should be obligatory before publication. A preliminary designation should
be published only in exceptional cases.
Also the chairman of the Committee particularly asks the cooperation
of all barley geneticists in the operation of the policy, by following
the procedures published in this Report, Information to be given to the
Chairman of the Committee regarding the new mutants is easily prepared
if barley geneticists use the format used in the Description of Genetic
Stocks (BGN 1:103-193; BGN 2:172-200).
D. von Wettstein
J. G. Moseman
G. W. R. Walker
T. Tsuchiya, Chairman
BGN 2 toc
BGN Main Index