WELCOME TO THE GRAINGENES GOPHER! GrainGenes, the Triticeae Genome Database, is a compilation of molecular and phenotypic information about wheat, barley, oats, and other small grains. The project is supported by the USDA Plant Genome Research Program, and by the community of scientists who are providing the information and the reasons to be interested in it. (See SPECIAL ACKNOWLEDGMENTS below.) The search mechanism used here is based on the "WAIS" (Wide Area Information Server) indexing strategy, commonly used in the Gopher world. As currently implemented, its attributes are: - Multiple words in a query are interpreted as connected by "or". - "And" and "not" are interpreted as logical (Boolean) operations. - Phrases (adjacent words) can be specified by using quotation marks ("). - "*" as the last character of a word indicates terminal degeneracy, e.g. "mcc*" for "McCarthy" or "McCall". - Results are returned with the best matches (most frequent occurrence of the query words) at the top of the list. - Words which are present so often that they are omitted from the index, such as "aestivum" in the GrainGenes database, return the inexact response "Nothing available". Example searches: abc451 to search for the locus ABC451. chanc* for cultivars with Chancellor in their pedigree. barley and map to see the mapping data for the NABGMP barley map. sorrells not probe facts about Mark Sorrells besides his clone collection. addition and chin* chromosome addition lines derived from Chinese Spring. "stripe rust" for stripe rust, not other rusts (or other stripes). CURRENT CONTENTS OF THIS GOPHER (partial list) In the GrainGenes database: - Barley genetic maps: Steptoe x Morex, Proctor x Nudinka, Igri x Franka, Vada x H. spontaneum Thanks to: Andy Kleinhofs, Andreas Graner and Mark Sorrells - Triticum tauschii genetic map. Thanks to: Bikram Gill - Diploid oat genetic map, Avena atlantica x A. hirtula Thanks to: Mark Sorrells - Sugarcane map, Saccharum spontaneum Thanks to: Jorge da Silva - 1200 DNA probes. From the Australian Triticeae Mapping Initiative. - 2400 wheat cultivars Thanks to: Ken Kephart. - The Oregon State / CIMMYT list of 8700 wheat cultivar abbreviations Thanks to: Bent Skovmand - 160 wheat genetic stocks From the Wheat Genetics Resource Center, Kansas State U. - 250 pathologies, including diseases, insects and abiotic injuries Thanks to: Ken Kephart - Mailing addresses and phone numbers for 900 colleagues From the International Triticeae Mapping Initiative and the Oat Newsletter In other searchable files: - "Commercial Wheat Cultivars of the United States" Thanks to: Ken Kephart - Wheat quality evaluations Thanks to: Bob Graybosch - "Catalogue of gene symbols for wheat", 1993. Thanks to: Bob McIntosh - Volumes 37 - 40 of the Annual Wheat Newsletter Thanks to: Jim Quick - 600 oat pedigrees. Thanks to: Mark Sorrells In browseable/downloadable files: - Map, mapping, and probe data in tabular form. - Definitions of wheat aneuploid types. - Results of wheat performance trials SPECIAL ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The GrainGenes database and this Gopher server are services of the National Agricultural Library and the USDA Plant Genome Program, Jerome P. Miksche, Director. Additional support is provided by ITMI, the International Triticeae Mapping Initiative, through a grant from the USDA/DOE/NSF Joint Program on Collaborative Research in Plant Biology. CONTACT PERSONS For more information about GrainGenes (obtaining information from it or adding information to it), contact Olin Anderson firstname.lastname@example.org or Dave Matthews email@example.com .