UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE


in cooperation with


STATE AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS



Report on Hard Red Spring Wheat Varieties Grown in Cooperative Plot and

Nursery Experiments in the Spring Wheat Region in 2009




Nursery Coordinator:

D.F. Garvin, Research Geneticist, USDA-ARS



Report prepared by D.F. Garvin and Z. Blankenheim





This is a joint progress report of cooperative investigations underway in the State Agricultural Experiment Stations and the Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It contains preliminary data which have not been sufficiently confirmed to justify general release, and interpretations may be modified after additional experimentation. Confirmed results will be published through established channels. This report is primarily a tool for use by cooperators and their official staffs, and for those persons having direct and special interest in the development of agricultural research programs.


This report includes data furnished by the State Agricultural Experiment Stations as well as by the Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. This report is not intended for publication and should not be referred to in literature citations, nor quoted in publicity or advertising. Accuracy of information within this report is not guaranteed by the U.S. Government.


Use of the data may be granted for certain purposes upon written request to the agency or agencies involved.





Agricultural Research Service

U.S. Department of Agriculture

Midwest Area

St. Paul, Minnesota

February, 2010

2009 HARD RED SPRING WHEAT UNIFORM REGIONAL NURSERY REPORT



CONTENTS PAGE


Cooperating Agencies, Stations and Personnel 2


Provisional Policy for Protected or Patented Genes 3


2009 Spring Wheat Production Statistics 4


Description and Summary of 2009 HRSWURN 5


Figure 1. Geographic Locations of 2009 HRSWURN 6


Table 1. List of Entries in the 2009 HRSWURN 7


Table 2. Nursery Locations and Comparative Plot Management Data 8


Tables 3-20. Nursery Data by Individual Location 9-26


Table 21. Summary of Trait Means Across Locations 27


Table 22. Yield Rankings by Location 28


Table 23. Summary of 2-Year Means Combined Over 2008-2009 29


Table 24. Leaf Rust Reactions, St. Paul, MN 30


Table 25. Adult Plant Stripe Rust Reactions, Pullman, WA 31


Table 26. Fusarium Head Blight (Scab) Reactions, St. Paul, MN 32


Table 27. Fusarium Head Blight (Scab) Reactions, Crookston, MN 33


Table 28. Molecular Marker Data for Agronomic Trait/Disease Resistance Genes 34

COOPERATING AGENCIES, STATIONS, AND PERSONNEL FOR THE 2009 HRSWURN



USDA-AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE

National Program Leader K. Simmons

Midwest Area Director L. Chandler

Nursery Coordinator, Plant Science Research Unit, St. Paul, MN D.F. Garvin

Quality Investigations, Cereal Crops Research Unit, Fargo, ND G. Hareland

Molecular Marker Analysis, Cereal Crops Research Unit, Fargo, ND S. Chao

Disease Evaluations

Cereal Disease Laboratory, St. Paul, MN J. Kolmer

Y. Jin

Wheat Genetics, Physiology, Quality, and Disease

Research Unit, Pullman, WA X. Chen


MINNESOTA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION

St. Paul, University of Minnesota

Agronomy and Plant Genetics J. Anderson

Plant Pathology R. Dill-Macky

Morris, West Central Experiment Station G. Nelson

Crookston, Northwestern Experiment Station J. Wiersma


AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-FOOD CANADA

Winnipeg, Cereal Research Centre

Breeding and Genetics G. Humphreys

Cereal Diseases T. Fetch

B. McCallum

Swift Current, Semiarid Prairie Agricultural Research Centre R. DePauw


NORTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION

Fargo, North Dakota State University, Plant Sciences M. Mergoum

Hettinger Research Extension Center E. Eriksmoen

Langdon Research Extension Center B. Hanson

Williston Research Extension Center N. Riveland

Carrington Research Extension Center B. Schatz


SOUTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION

Brookings, South Dakota State University K. Glover


MONTANA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION

Bozeman, Montana State University L. Talbert

Sidney, Eastern Ag Research Center J. Eckhoff


WYOMING AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION

Powell, University of Wyoming M. Killen


WASHINGTON AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION

Pullman, Washington State University G. Shelton

Entering Lines with Protected or Patented Genes into the Hard Red Spring Wheat Uniform Regional Nursery


The following information details the Hard Winter Wheat Regional Program position on this issue. Basically, the same situation exists in the Spring Wheat Region, and it is therefore suggested that these guidelines are appropriate and thus accepted for the Hard Red Spring Wheat Uniform Regional Nursery as well, until such a time as the participants agree to deviate from it:

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From: Robert Graybosch, Coordinator of Hard Winter Wheat Region

A question has arisen as to whether wheat germplasm lines carrying protected or patented genes may be entered in the HWW regional program. We have decided to allow such submissions, on a provisional basis, for the 2001 nurseries. Submissions must adhere to the provisions below, and submissions of such lines after the 2001 year will depend upon the adoption of formal guidelines. We are in the process of drafting a formal plan, hopefully one that will be approved at the 2001 Hard Winter Wheat Workers Conference.


Provisional plan for the submission of lines with patented or protected genes:


Definition: "protected" gene = a gene whose use is restricted by patents, Material Transfer Agreements, or other types of research agreements.


Wheat lines carrying such traits may be entered in the 2001 HWW Regional nurseries (RGON, SRPN, NRPN) under the following conditions:


1. Cooperators may cross with the line in question. Thereafter, the cooperator making such crosses must either have their own research agreement with the trait owner, or, if such an agreement is lacking, they must remove the trait from breeding populations by selection.

2. The owner of the trait has been informed of the submission, and that they agree to the conditions set forth in #1.

3. All other uses of the line are governed by the Wheat Workers Code of Ethics.

4. The trait may not have been inserted into the wheat genome by genetic engineering. In other words, the wheat line in question may not be transgenic.


At this point in time, transgenics may not be entered in the program. I am certain this question will arise in the near future, so I have contacted USDA-APHIS regarding this point. If you are interested in the details, the attached file contains the pertinent points of our e-mail exchange (note by HRSW coordinator: this file is not included in this report). The APHIS responses are in bold. To make a long story short - transgenic wheat lines will be allowed in the regional program only if they have been granted permanent non-regulated status. Non-regulated status is granted only after the originator files a formal petition to de-regulate a line with APHIS.

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U.S. SPRING WHEAT PRODUCTION, 2009




SPRING WHEAT (OTHER THAN DURUM): Growers produced an estimated 584.4 million bushels of spring wheat. This production estimate is approximately 6.6 percent higher than year 2008 production. Yield averaged 45 bushels per acre, an increase of 4.5 bushels per acre from year 2008. Area harvested totaled approximately 12.95 million acres, which is 4.2% lower than the acreage harvested in 2008.




Spring Wheat Production Statistics, 2007-2009*



Acres Harvested (x1000)


Production (x1000 Bushels)


Yield (Bushels/Acre)


2007

2008

2009


2007

2008

2009


2007

2008

2009

Minnesota

1,650

1,800

1550


79,200

100,800

82,150


48

56

53

Montana

2,400

2,480

2350


55,200

59,520

70,500


23

24

30

North Dakota

6,500

6,400

6300


234,000

246,400

289,800


36

38.5

46

South Dakota

1,340

1,520

1470


52,260

68,400

64,680


39

45

44

USA

12,942

13,517

12,955


479,623

548,004

584,411


37

40.5

45



* Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service: (http://www.nass.usda.gov/QuickStats/PullData_US.jsp) on 1-25-10.

2009 NURSERY DESCRIPTION AND SUMMARY


The Hard Red Spring Wheat Uniform Regional Nursery (HRSWURN) was planted for the 81st year in 2009. The nursery contained 32 entries submitted by 8 different scientific or industry breeding programs, and 5 checks (Table 1). Trials were conducted as randomized complete blocks with three replicates except where noted. The HRSWURN was planted at 18 locations in 6 different states in the USA (MN, ND, SD, MT, WY, and WA), and two Canadian provinces (Manitoba and Saskatchewan). All locations provided data included in this report (Figure 1, Table 2). Data summaries for each of these locations are presented in Tables 3 through 20. For each location summary, entries are listed in descending order of yield. Overall means across locations for a set of core traits are summarized in Table 21, and yield rankings for individual locations are found in Table 22. Two-year means for entries entered previously in the 2008 HRSWURN are presented in Table 23. Entries were also evaluated for various diseases at different locations; these can be found by looking at individual location data summaries. Leaf rust resistance was evaluated in St. Paul, MN, and stripe rust evaluations were completed at two field locations in WA. These rust data are presented in Tables 24 and 25 respectively. Entries were evaluated in Fusarium head blight nurseries at Crookston and St. Paul, MN; these results are provided in Tables 26 and 27. Molecular marker genotyping for select traits was also performed; this information is presented in Table 28. The highest average yielding location was Powell, WY, with 114 Bu/Ac, while the lowest yielding location was Groton, SD, with 40 Bu/Ac.


Figure 1. Hard Red SpringWheat Uniform Regional Nursery Reporting Locations, 2009