UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE

 

in cooperation with

 

STATE AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS

 

 

Report on Hard Red Spring Wheat Varieties Grown in Cooperative Plot and

Nursery Experiments in the Spring Wheat Region in 2014

 

 

 

Nursery Coordinator:

D.F. Garvin, Research Geneticist, USDA-ARS

 

 

Report prepared by D.F. Garvin and Z. Blankenheim

 

 

 

 

This is a joint progress report of cooperative investigations underway in the State Agricultural Experiment Stations and the Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.  It contains preliminary data which have not been sufficiently confirmed to justify general release, and interpretations may be modified after additional experimentation.  Confirmed results will be published through established channels.  This report is primarily a tool for use by cooperators and their official staffs, and for those persons having direct and special interest in the development of agricultural research programs.

 

This report includes data furnished by the State Agricultural Experiment Stations as well as by the Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.  This report is not intended for publication and should not be referred to in literature citations, nor quoted in publicity or advertising.  Accuracy of information within this report is not guaranteed by the U.S. Government.

 

Use of the data may be granted for certain purposes upon written request to the agency or agencies involved.

 

 

 

 

Agricultural Research Service

U.S. Department of Agriculture

Midwest Area

St. Paul, Minnesota

February 24, 2015


2014 HARD RED SPRING WHEAT UNIFORM REGIONAL NURSERY REPORT

 

 

CONTENTS                                                                                                                          PAGE

 

Cooperating Agencies, Stations and Personnel                                                                          2

 

Policy for Protected or Patented Genes                                                                                     3

 

2013 Spring Wheat Production Statistics                                                                                   4

 

Description and Summary of 2013 HRSWURN                                                                       5

 

Figure 1.  Geographic Locations of 2014 HRSWURN                                                              6

 

Table 1.  List of Entries in the 2014 HRSWURN                                                                      7

 

Table 2.  Nursery Locations and Comparative Plot Management Data                                     8

 

Tables 3-15.  Nursery Data by Individual Location                                                              9-21

 

Table 16.  Summary of Trait Means Across Locations                                                             22

 

Table 17.  Yield Rankings by Location                                                                                    23

 

Table 18.  Leaf Rust Reactions, St. Paul and Morris, MN                                                       24

 

Table 19.  Adult Plant Stem Rust Reactions, St. Paul, MN                                                     25

 

Table 20.  Fusarium Head Blight (Scab) Reactions, Crookston, MN                                      26

 

Table 21.  Fusarium Head Blight (Scab) Reactions, St. Paul, MN                                          27

 

Table 22.  Molecular Marker Data for Agronomic Trait/Disease Resistance Genes                 28


COOPERATING AGENCIES, STATIONS, AND PERSONNEL FOR THE 2014 HRSWURN

 

 

USDA-AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE

National Program Leader                                                                                J. Costa

Midwest Area Director                                                                                   R. Matteri

Nursery Coordinator, Plant Science Research Unit, St. Paul, MN                 D. Garvin

Quality Investigations, Cereal Crops Research Unit, Fargo, ND                   L. Dykes

Molecular Marker Analysis, Cereal Crops Research Unit, Fargo, ND           S. Chao

Disease Evaluations

Cereal Disease Laboratory, St. Paul, MN                                           J. Kolmer

                                                                                                            Y. Jin

Wheat Genetics, Physiology, Quality, and Disease                           

Research Unit, Pullman, WA                                                              X. Chen

 

MINNESOTA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION

St. Paul, University of Minnesota                                                                   J. Anderson

Morris, West Central Experiment Station                                                       G. Nelson

Crookston, Northwestern Experiment Station                                               M. Hanson

                                                                                                                        R. Bouvette

 

AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-FOOD CANADA

Swift Current, Semiarid Prairie Agricultural Research Centre                       R. Cuthbert

 

NORTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION

Hettinger Research Extension Center                                                             J. Rickertsen

Langdon Research Extension Center                                                             B. Hanson

Williston Research Extension Center                                                             G. Pradhan

Carrington Research Extension Center                                                           B. Schatz

 

SOUTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION

Brookings, South Dakota State University                                                    K. Glover

 

MONTANA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION

Bozeman, Montana State University                                                              L. Talbert


Entering Lines with Protected or Patented Genes into the Hard Red Spring Wheat Uniform Regional Nursery

 

 

Transgenic wheat lines may be considered for the nursery program ONLY if they have been granted permanent non-regulated status.  Non-regulated status is granted only after the originator files a formal petition to de-regulate a line with APHIS.  However, ultimately the decision whether to include or exclude such germplasm will reside with individual location cooperators.


 

U.S. SPRING WHEAT PRODUCTION, 2014

 

 

 

SPRING WHEAT (OTHER THAN DURUM):  Growers produced an estimated 595 million bushels of spring wheat.  This production estimate is approximately 11.5 percent higher than year 2013 production.  Yield averaged 46.7 bushels per acre, a decrease of less than 0.5 bushels per acre from year 2013.  Area harvested totaled approximately 12,740 million acres, which is approximately 12.3 percent higher than the acreage harvested in 2013.

 

 

 

Spring Wheat Production Statistics, 2012-2014*

 

 

Acres Harvested (x1000)

 

Production (x1000 Bushels)

 

Yield (Bushels/Acre)

 

2012

2013

2014

 

2012

2013

2014

 

2012

2013

2014

Minnesota

1,310

1,160

1,180

 

74,670

66,120

64,900

 

57

57

55

Montana

2,900

2,830

2,980

 

95,700

104,710

104,300

 

33

37

35

North Dakota

5,700

5,060

6,140

 

256,500

235,290

291,650

 

45

46.5

47.5

South Dakota

1,020

1,165

1,280

 

41,820

51,260

71,680

 

41

44

56

USA

12,055

11,344

12,740

 

541,959

533,529

595,038

 

45

47.1

46.7

 

 

* Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service: (http://quickstats.nass.usda.gov) as of 2-10-15.


2014 NURSERY DESCRIPTION AND SUMMARY

 

The Hard Red Spring Wheat Uniform Regional Nursery (HRSWURN) was planted for the 84th year in 2014.  The nursery contained 26 entries submitted by 6 different scientific or industry breeding programs, and 5 checks (Table 1).  Trials were conducted as randomized complete blocks with three replicates except where noted.  The HRSWURN was planted at 14 locations in 4 different states in the USA (MN, ND, SD, MT).  Thirteen locations provided data included in this report (Figure 1, Table 2).  Data summaries for each of the reporting locations are presented in individual tables.  For each location summary, entries are listed in descending order of yield.  Overall means across locations for a set of core traits are summarized in Table 16, and yield rankings for individual locations are found in Table 17.  Entries were also evaluated for various diseases at different locations; these can be found by looking at individual location data summaries.  Leaf rust and stem rust resistance was evaluated in St. Paul, MN.  These rust data are presented in Tables 18-19.  Entries were evaluated in Fusarium head blight nurseries at Crookston and St. Paul, MN; these results are provided in Tables 20 and 21.  Molecular marker genotyping for select agronomic, quality and disease resistance traits was also performed; this information is presented in Table 22.  The highest average yielding location was Crookston, MN, with 93.9 Bu/Ac, while the lowest yielding location was Selby, SD, with 56.3 Bu/Ac.

 


Figure 1.  Hard Red Spring Wheat Uniform Regional Nursery Reporting Locations, 2014