CATALOGUE OF GENE SYMBOLS FOR WHEAT: 2004 Supplement

 

R.A. McIntosh1, K.M. Devos2, J. Dubcovsky3 and W.J. Rogers4

 

1Plant Breeding Institute, The University of Sydney, 107 Cobbitty Road, Cobbitty, N.S.W., Australia, 2570.

2Departments of Crop and Soil Sciences, and Plant Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, U.S.A.

3Department of Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, U.S.A.

4Facultad de Agronoma, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, C.C. 47, (7300) Azul, Argentina.

The most recent edition of the Catalogue, produced and presented at the 10th International Wheat Genetics Symposium is available on CD. MacGene was produced by Y. Yamazaki in collaboration with R.A. McIntosh. The Catalogue is also displayed on the GrainGenes Website: http://wheat.pw.usda.gov .

 

INTRODUCTION

1. Recommended Rules for Gene Symbolisation in Wheat

2.2. Add: 'Where a molecule is composed of sub-units produced by different genes, a further capital letter may be added to the basic symbol to describe a particular sub-unit; for example, AhasL refers to a large sub-unit of the complex enzyme acetohydroxyacid synthase.'.

6.2.2. Add to end of existing entry: 'R2 values, where given, indicate the proportion of variation explained by a QTL.'.

12. Add to this rule: 'The entire sequence (134.540 bp) and a genetic map of the circular wheat chloroplast genome is provided in {10036}. A total of 30 tRNA genes and 75 protein-encoding genes were identified.'.

 

9. Laboratory Designators for DNA markers

 

eco

Fedak, G.

fedakga@agr.gc.ca

Eastern Cereal and Oilseed* Research Centre,

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada,

960 Carling Ave, Building 50,

Ottawa, ON K1A 0C6,

Canada

 

 

cfa

(T. monococcum clones)

Sourdille, Pierre

sourdil@clermont.inra.fr

UMR Amelioration et Sante des Plantes,

Domaine de Crouelle,

234, Avenue du Brezet,

63039, Clermont-Ferrand,

Cedex 2,

France

 

 

 

fwm

Sourdille, Pierre

sourdil@clermont.inra.fr

UMR Amelioration et Sante des Plantes,

Domaine de Crouelle,

234, Avenue du Brezet,

63039, Clermont-Ferrand,

Cedex 2,

France

 

 

nau

Chen, Piedu,

pdchen@njau.edu.cn

Cytogenetics Institute,

Nanjing Agricultural University,

Nanjing,

Jiangsu, 210095,

China

 

 

pur

Ohm, H.

hohm@purdue.edu

Department of Agronomy,

Purdue University,

West Lafayette,

IN, 47907-2054,

USA

 

 

umn

Muehlbauer, G.

muehl003@umn.edu

Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics,

University of Minnesota,

St Paul,

MN,

USA

 

 

wgp

Chen, Xianming

xianming@mail.wsu.edu

USDA-ARS,

Department of Plant Pathlogy,

Washington State University, Pullman,

Washington 99164-6430

U.S.A.

 

 

 

10. Organisation of the Catalogue

4. Stock listings:

After tv2: add new group: sutv: = Chromosome substitutions into tetraploid wheat.

 

DNA Markers

Add at end of introductory section:

Approximately 8000 ESTs have been mapped on a set of 101 deletion lines, containing 159 deletions distributed over the 42 wheat chromosome arms. The allocation of these ESTs to chromosome bins can be viewed on http://wheat.pw.usda.gov/NSF/progress_mapping.html. Manuscripts resulting from this work include {10041} and {10042}.

 

Group 1S

Add:

XBmac0213-1R {10081}.

 

Barley SSR.

 

Xcfd61-1A {10071}.

 

CFD 61 F/CFD 61 R.

 

Xeco406-1A,B,D {10047}.

 

Ta01_04b06.

 

Xiag95-1R {10081,10074}.

 

STS marker.

 

Xksu946(NBS-LRR)-1A,B,D {10052}.

 

KSU946.

(2B, 3A).

Xksuk951(Kin)-1D {10052}.

 

KSUK951.

(1A, 1BL, 3D, 6D, 7B).

Xpsr960-1R {10081}.

 

PSR960.

 

XSCM9-1R {10081}.

 

Rye SSR.

 

 

Group 1L

Add:

Xcdo346-1A {10071}.

 

CDO346.

 

Xeco702-1A,B {10047}.

 

Ta01_07h02.

 

Xeco812-1D {10047}.

 

Ta01_08f12.

(6A,B,D).

Xfbb275-1A {10071}.

 

FBB275.

 

Xgwm601-1A {10071}.

 

WMS 601 F/WMS601 R.

 

Xksuk951(Kin)-1B {10052}.

 

KSUK951.

(1A, 1DS, 3D, 6D, 7B).

 

Group 1

Add:

Xbcd1514-1A {10048}.

 

BCD1514.

 

Xbcd1562-1A {10048}.

 

BCD1562.

 

Xbcd1930-1B {10048}.

 

BCD1930.

 

Xcfd92-1D {10071}.

 

CFD 92 F/CFD 92 R.

 

Xfba118-1B {10048}.

 

FBA118.

 

Xfba165-1B {10048}.

 

FBA165.

 

Xfba294-1A {10048}.

 

FBA294.

 

Xfba298-1B {10048}.

 

FBA298.

 

Xfbb90-1A {10048}.

 

FBB90.

 

Xfbb160-1D {10048}.

 

FBB160.

 

Xfbb190-1A {10048}.

 

FBB190.

 

Xfbb196-1B {10048}.

 

FBB196.

 

Xfbb278-1A,B {10048}.

 

FBB278.

 

Xksu36-1A,D {10048}.

 

AFLP-36F/AFLP-36R.

 

Xksu940(NBS-LRR)-1A,B,D {10052}.

 

KSU940.

 

Xksu941(NBS-LRR)-1B,D {10052}.

 

KSU941.

 

Xksu942(NBS-LRR)-1B,D {10052}.

 

KSU942.

 

Xksu945(NBS-LRR)-1B {10052}.

 

KSU945.

(2D).

Xksuk950(Kin)-1A,B,D {10052}.

 

KSUK950.

 

Xksuk951(Kin)-1A {10052}.

 

KSUK951.

(1BL, 1DS, 3D, 6D, 7B).

Xksuk955(Kin)-1D {10052}.

 

KSUK955.

(2B, 5A,D, 6A,B).

Xksuk959(Kin)-1A,B {10052}.

 

KSUK959.

(4B).

Xksuk963(Kin)-1D {10052}.

 

KSUK963.

(2B, 3B,D, 5D).

Xksuk969(Kin)-1D {10052}.

 

KSUK969.

 

Xksuk970(Kin)-1A {10052}.

 

KSUK970.

(3B, 5D).

Xksuk971(Kin)-1D {10052}.

 

KSUK971.

(2D, 3A, 7B).

Xnau1(NBS)-1A,B {10084}.

 

RGA WN20.

 

Wag-1A, B, D {10078}. {10078}

 

Probe 386-bp of the 3 end of GenBank accession AB084577.

 

 

Group 2S

Amendments:

Xgdm5-2A. Change the first column to Xgdm5-2A {0173}, 2D {10055}..

Xpsr102(Sam)-2A,B,D. Add: The development of locus-specific primers for the A, B and D loci was reported in {0049}..

Xpsr112-2A,B,D. Add: The development of locus-specific primers for the A, B, D and R loci was reported in {0049}..

 

Add:

Xbcd348-2N {10073}.

 

BCD348.

 

 

Xcmwg682-2N {10073}.

 

CMWG682.

 

 

Xeco509-2A,B,D {10047}.

 

Ta01_05h09.

(7A,B,D).

 

Xfbb67-2B {10071}.

 

FBB67.

 

 

Xgwm400-2A{10071}.

 

WMS 400 F/WMS 400 R.

 

 

Xgwm429-2B {10071}.

 

WMS 429 F/WMS 429 R.

 

 

Xgwm682-2B {10055}.

 

WMS F682/WMS R682.

 

 

Xgwm726-2A {10047}.

 

WMS F726/WMS R726.

 

 

Xgwm830-2A {10055}.

 

WMS F830/WMS R830.

 

 

Xgwm886-2D {10055}.

 

WMS F886/WMS R886.

 

 

Xgwm895-2A {10055}.

 

WMS F895/WMS R895.

 

 

Xgwm1045-2A {10055}.

 

WMS F1045/WMS R1045.

 

 

Xgwm1052-2A {10055}.

 

WMS F1052/WMS R1052.

 

 

Xgwm1115-2A {10055}.

 

WMS F1115/WMS R1115.

 

 

XHak2-2A {9932,10073}.

 

HvHAK2.

 

 

Xgwm1128-2B {10055}.

 

WMS F1128/WMS R1128.

 

 

XksuH9-2N {10073}.

 

KSUH9.

 

 

XksuD18-2N {10073}.

 

KSUD18.

 

 

Xpsr150-2N {10073}.

 

PSR150.

 

 

Xpsr933.1-2N {10073}.

 

PSR933.

 

 

Xvrga1-2N {0213,10073}.

 

VRGA1.

 

 

 

5.Group 2L

Add:

Xcsl107-2B {10013}.

 

G4-5', G035-5', G035-3'.

(2D).

Xcsl107-2D {10013}.

 

G4-5', G035-5', G035-3'.

(2B).

Xeco203-2A,B,D {10047}.

 

Ta01_02b03.

 

Xeco208(L38)-2D {10047}.

 

Ta01_02g08.

 

Xfba259-2B {10071}.

 

FBA259.

 

Xgwm761-2A {10055}.

 

WMS F761/WMS R761.

 

Xgwm940-2B [{10055}].

[Xgwm940a-2B {0455}].

WMS F940/WMS R940.

 

Xgwm1027-2B {10055}.

 

WMS F1027/WMS R1027.

 

Xgwm1204-2D {10055}.

 

WMS F1204/WMS R1204.

 

Xgwm1249-2B {10055}.

 

WMS F1249/WMS R1249.

 

Xgwm1256-2A {10055}.

 

WMS F1256/WMS R1256.

 

Xgwm1264-2D {10055}.

 

WMS F1264/WMS R1264.

 

Xksu944(NBS-LRR)-2A {10052}.

 

KSU944.

(5D).

Xksu946(NBS-LRR)-2B {10052}.

 

KSU946.

(1A,B,D, 3A).

XksuK965(Kin)-2A,B {10052}.

 

KSUK965.

 

Note: The location of the XksuK965-2A locus was ambiguous as the same fragment was missing in both N5B and N2A. It is likely, however, that the absence of the fragment in N5B was caused by rearrangements due to the absence of Ph1 {10053}.

Xwmc474-2B {10055}.

 

WMC 474F/WMC 474R.

(2A).

Xwmc477-2B {10055}.

 

WMC 477F/WMC 477R.

 

Xwgp17(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

S2/AS3.

 

Xwgp18(Rga)-2B

{10117}.

 

S2/AS3.

 

Xwgp19(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

RLRR Rev/LM638.

 

Xwgp20(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

RLRR Rev/LM638.

 

Xwgp21(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

Pto kin11N/Pto kin21N.

 

Xwgp22(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

Cr33LR-R/Pto kin2.

 

Xwgp23(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

Cr33LR-R/Pto kin2.

 

Xwgp24(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

Xa1LR-F/Pto kin4.

 

Xwgp25(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

XLRR Rev/Pto kin1.

 

Xwgp26(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

Pto kin2/AS3-INV.

 

Xwgp27(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

CLRR-INV2/Pto kin1.

 

Xwgp28(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

RLRR Rev/Pto kin4.

 

Xwgp29(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

RLK-Rev/Xa1 NBS-F.

 

Xwgp30(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

LM638/S2.

 

Xwgp31(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

Pto kin2/RLK-For.

 

Xwgp32(Rga)-2B {10117}.

 

Pto kin2/NLRR-INV1.

 

 

Group 2

Add:

Xfbb255-2B{10069}.

 

FBB255.

 

Xgwm448-2D {10071}.

 

WMS 448 F/ WMS 448 R.

 

Xgwm496-2D {10085}.

 

WMS 496 F/ WMS 496 R.

 

Xgwm817-2A {10031}.

 

WMS F817/WMS R817.

 

Xksu945(NBS-LRR)-2D {10052}.

 

KSU945.

(1B).

XksuK948(Kin)-2A,B,D {10052}.

 

KSUK948.

 

Note: The location of the XksuK948-2A locus was ambiguous as the same fragment was missing in both N5B and N2A. It is likely, however, that the absence of the fragment in N5B was caused by rearrangements due to the absence of Ph1 {10053}.

Xksuk955(Kin)-2B {10052}.

 

KSUK955.

(1D, 5A,D, 6A,B).

Xksuk963(Kin)-2B {10052}.

 

KSUK963.

(1D, 3B,D, 5D).

Xksuk971(Kin)-2D {10052}.

 

KSUK971.

(1D, 3A, 7B).

Xnau2(NBS)-2A,D {10084}.

 

 

RGA N9.

 

 

Xwmc474-2B {10067}.

 

WMC474F/WMC474R.

 

 

Xwmc499-2B {10067}

 

WMC499F/WMC499R

 

 

Group 3S

Add:

Xbarc12-3A {10044}.

 

BARC 12F/BARC 12R.

 

Xbarc57-3A {10044).

 

BARC 57F/BARC 57R.

 

Xbarc86-3A {10044}.

 

BARC 86F/BARC 86R.

 

Xcfd79-3A {10071}.

 

CFD 79 F/CFD 79 R.

 

Xcmwg680-3A {10044).

 

cMWG680.

 

Xgwm892-3D {10055}.

 

WMS F892/WMS R892.

 

Xgwm1034-3B {10076}.

 

WMS 1034 F/WMS 1034 R.

 

Xwmc505-3A {10067}.

 

WMC505F/WMC505R.

 

 

Group 3L

Add:

Xfwm-3B {10080}.

 

FWM 4 F / FWM 4 R.

 

 

Xeco604(Glb3)-3A,B,D {10047}.

 

Ta01_06f04.

 

 

Xgwm234-3B {10071}.

 

WMS 234 F / WMS 234 R.

 

 

Xgwm344-4A {10071}.

 

WMS 344 F / WMS 344 R.

 

 

Xgwm1088-3D {10055}.

 

WMS F1088/WMS R1088.

 

 

Xksu946(NBS-LRR)-3A {10052}.

 

KSUK946.

(1A,B,D, 2B).

 

Xwmc322-3A {10067}.

 

WMC322F/WMC322R.

 

 

Xwmc56-3B {10067}.

 

WMC56F/WMC56R.

 

 

 

Group 3

Add:

Xksuk951(Kin)-3D {10052}.

 

KSUK951.

(1A,B,D, 6D, 7B).

Xksuk953(Kin)-3B {10052}.

 

KSUK953.

(6A,B,D).

Xksuk954(Kin)-3A,B,D {10052}.

 

KSUK954.

 

Xksuk963(Kin)-3B,D {10052}.

 

KSUK963.

(1D, 2B, 5D).

Xksuk967(Kin)-3D {10052}.

 

KSUK967.

(5B).

Xksuk970(Kin)-3B {10052}.

 

KSUK970.

(1A, 5D).

Xksuk971(Kin)-3A {10052}.

 

KSUK971.

(1D, 2D, 7B).

 

Group 4S (4AL:4BS:4DS)

Add:

Xeco903(a-Tub)-4A,B,D {10047}.

 

Ta01_09a03.

(6A)

Note: {10047} states that marker Ta01_09a03 detects loci on 4AS, 4BS, 4DS. Most likely, this should read 4AL, 4BS, 4DS.

Xeco901(L2)-4A,B,D {10047}.

 

Ta01_09f01.

(5A,B,D).

Note: {10047} states that marker Ta01_09a03 detects loci on 4AS, 4BS, 4DS. Most likely, this should read 4AL, 4BS, 4DS.

Xgwm742-4A {10055}.

 

WMS F742/WMS R742.

 

Xgwm832-4A {10055}.

 

WMS F832/WMS R832.

 

Xgwm894-4A {10055}.

 

WMS F894/WMS R894.

 

Xgwm959-4A {10055}.

 

WMS F959/WMS R959.

 

 

Group 4L (4AS:4BL:4DL)

Add:

XBx1-4A,B,D [{10103}].

[TaBx1-4A,B,D {10103}].

Primers based on maize Bx1.

 

XBx2-4A,B,D [{10103}].

[TaBx2-4A,B,D {10103}].

Primers based on maize Bx1.

 

Xgwm929-4A {10055}.

 

WMS F929/WMS R929.

 

Xpsr103-4AL {10080}.

 

PSR103.

 

XksuG30-4BL{10080}.

 

KSUG30.

 

Xgwm1093-4A {10055}.

 

WMS F1093/WMS R1093.

 

 

Group 4

Add:

Xksu943(NBS-LRR)-4B {10052}.

 

KSU943.

 

Xksuk958(Kin)-4A {10052}.

 

KSUK958.

(5B, 6B).

Xksuk959(Kin)-4B {10052}.

 

KSUK959.

(1A,B).

 

Group 5S

Add:

Xbarc56-5A {10076}.

 

BARC 56 F/BARC 56 R.

 

XBx3-5A,B.1,D [{10103}].

[TaBx3-5A,B,D {10103}].

Primers based on maize Bx3.

(5BL).

XBx4-5A,B,D [{10103}].

[TaBx4-5A,B,D {10103}].

Primers based on maize Bx4.

 

XBx5-5A,B.1,D [{10103}].

[TaBx5-5A,B,D {10103}].

Primers based on maize Bx5.

(5BS).

XBx5-5B.2 [{10103}].

[TaBx5-5B {10103}].

 

(5BS).

Xeco608-5A {10047}.

 

Ta01_06h08.

(6B, 7B).

Xeco901(L2)-5A,B,D {10047}.

 

Ta01_09f01.

(4A,B,D).

Xgwm1057-5A {10076}.

 

WMS 1057 F/WMS 1057 R.

 

Xksuk960(Kin)-5B {10052}.

 

KSUK960.

(6B, 7A,B,D).

 

Group 5L

Add:

XBx3-5B.2 [{10103}].

[TaBX3-5B {10103}].

Primers based on maize Bx1.

(5AS,BS,DS).

Xcfa255-5A {10071}.

 

CFA 255 F/ CFA 255 R.

 

Xcfa2155-5A {10080}.

 

CFA 2155 F/CFA 2155 R.

 

Xcfa2163-5A {10080}.

 

CFA 2163 F/CFA 2163 R.

 

Xfbb166-5A {10080}.

 

FBB166.

 

Xgwm271-5A {10071}.

 

WMS 271 F/WMS 271 R.

 

Xgwm810-5B {10007}.

 

WMS F810/WMS R810.

 

Xksu944(NBS-LRR)-5D {10052}.

 

KSU944.

(2A).

Xksuk952(Kin)-5A {10052}.

 

KSUK952.

(5B,D, 6A,B).

XksuP16-5A {0048}.

 

pTtksuP16.

 

Xgwm843-5B {10056}.

 

WMS F843/WMS R843.

 

Xgwm1016-5B {10007}.

 

WMS F1016/WMS R1016.

 

Xgwm1043-5B {10007}.

 

WMS F1043/WMS R1043.

 

Xmwg2062-5A {10079}.

 

MWG2062.

 

Xgwm1180-5B{10007}.

 

WMS F1180/WMS R1180.

 

XSnf2P-5A {10098}.

 

Complete sequence from BAC AY485644.

 

Xucw1(Nuc)-5A {10098}.

 

UCW1 (Barley Nucellin gene).

 

Xucw2-5A {10098}.

 

UCW2.

 

Xucw26-5A {10109}.

 

UCW26.

 

Xucw90(Cbf3)-5A {10079}.

[XCbf3 {10079}].

Barley CBF3.

 

 

Group 5

Add:

Xgwm271-5A {10069}.

 

WMS271F/WMS271R.

 

Xksuk952(Kin)-5A,B,D {10052}.

 

KSUK952.

(6A,B).

Xksuk955(Kin)-5A,D {10052}.

 

KSUK955.

(1D, 2B, 6A,B).

Xksuk956(Kin)-5A,B {10052}.

 

KSUK956.

 

Xksuk957(Kin)-5A,B,D {10052}.

 

KSUK957.

 

Xksuk958(Kin)-5B {10052}.

 

KSUK958.

(4A, 6B).

Xksuk963(Kin)-5D {10052}.

 

KSUK963.

(1D, 2B, 3B,D).

Xksuk967(Kin)-5B {10052}.

 

KSUK967.

(3D).

Xksuk968(Kin)-5B {10052}.

 

KSUK968.

(6B).

Xksuk970(Kin)-5D {10052}.

 

KSUK970.

(1A, 3B).

Xksuk972(Kin)-5B,D {10052}.

 

KSUK972.

 

Xksuk973(Kin)-5B {10052}.

 

KSUK973.

 

Xmta15-5A{10069}.

 

MTA15.

 

Xnau3(NBS)-5B,D {10084}.

 

RGA N9.

 

Xnau4(NBS)-5B {10084}.

 

RGA WN16.

 

 

Group 6S

Add:

Xeco608-6B {10047}.

 

Ta01_06h08.

(5A, 7B).

Xeco812-6A,B,D {10047}.

 

Ta01_08f12.

(1D).

Xeco903(a-Tub)-6A {10047}.

 

Ta01_09a03.

(4A,B,D).

Xgwm680-6B {10055}.

 

WMS F680/WMS R680.

 

Xgwm771-6B {10055}.

 

WMS F771/WMS R771.

 

Xgwm825-6B {10055}.

 

WMS F825/WMS R825.

 

Xgwm889-6B {10055}.

 

WMS F889/WMS R889.

 

Xgwm935-6B {10060}.

 

WMS F935/WMS R935.

(7B).

Xgwm1255-6B {10055}.

 

WMS F1255/WMS R1255.

 

Xksuk953(Kin)-6B {10052}.

 

KSUK953.

(6A,D, 3B).

Xksuk958(Kin)-6B {10052}.

 

KSUK958.

(4A, 5B).

Xksuk960(Kin)-6B {10052}.

 

KSUK960.

(5B, 7A,B,D).

 

26. Group 6L

Amendments:

Xcdo347-6B{0220}. CDO347. (7A,7D).

 

Add:

Xeco501-6A,B,D {10047}.

 

Ta01_05a01.

 

Xwmc182-6B {0348}.

 

WMC 182F/WMC 182R.

 

Xwmc341-6B {10067}.

 

WMC341F/WMC341R

 

 

Group 6

Add:

Xcdo347-6A,6B,6D (0220}.

 

CDO347.

(6A,B,D) (7A,D).

Xksuk949(Kin)-6B,D {10052}.

 

KSUK949.

(7A).

Xksuk951(Kin)-6D. {10052}.

 

KSUK951.

(1A,B,D, 3D, 7B).

Xksuk952(Kin)-6A,B {10052}.

 

KSUK952.

(5A,B,D).

Xksuk953(Kin)-6A,B,D {10052}.

 

KSUK953.

(3B).

Xksuk955(Kin)-6A,B {10052}.

 

KSUK955.

(1D, 2B, 5A,D).

Xksuk961(Kin)-6A,B {10052}.

 

KSUK961.

 

Xksuk966(Kin)-6A,B,D {10052}.

 

KSUK966.

 

Xksuk968(Kin)-6B {10052}.

 

KSUK968.

(5B).

 

 

Group 7S

Amendments:

Xgwm935-7B. Add (6B). in the last column.

 

Add:

Xcfd2-7D {10071}.

 

CFD 2 F/ CFD 2 R.

 

Xeco509-7A,B,D {10047}.

 

Ta01_05h09.

(2A,B,D).

Xeco608-7B {10047}.

 

Ta01_06h08.

(5A, 6B).

It is not known whether Xeco608-7B belongs to group 7S or to group 7AS:4AL:7DS.

Xgwm302-7A {10071}.

 

WMS 302 F / WMS 302 R.

 

Xgwm1014-7D {10055}.

 

WMS F1014/WMS R1014.

 

Xgwm1171-7A {10055}.

 

WMS F1171/WMS R1171.

 

 

7AS:4AL:7DS

Add:

Xksu947(NBS-LRR)-7A,4A {10052}.

 

KSU947.

 

Note: The location of the Xksu947 locus was ambiguous as the same fragment was missing in both N5B and N7A. It is likely, however, that the absence of the fragment in N5B was caused by rearrangements due to the absence of Ph1 {10053}.

Xksuk962(Kin)-7A {10052}.

 

KSUK962.

 

 

Group 7L

Amendments:

Xcdo347-7A. Add: (6B) to the last column.

Xcdo347-7B Add: (6B) to the last column.

 

Add:

Xeco811(Gapd2)-7A,B,D {10047}.

 

Ta01_08d11.

 

Xgwm783-7B {0258}.

 

WMS 783 F/WMS 783 R.

 

Xgwm883-7B{0258}.

 

WMS 883 F/WMS 883 R.

 

Xgwm984-7B {0258}.

 

WMS 984 F/WMS 984 R.

 

Xgwm1144-7B {0258}.

 

WMS 1144 F/WMS 1144 R .

 

Xgwm1175-7B {0258}.

 

WMS 1175 F/WMS 1175 R.

 

Xgwm1267-7B {0258}.

 

WMS 1267 F/WMS 1267 R.

 

Xgwm1498-7B {0258}.

 

WMS 1498 F/WMS 1498 R.

 

Xwmc182-7B {10080}.

 

WMC182 F/WMC182 R.

 

Xwmc500-7B {10067}.

 

WMC500F/WMC500R.

 

 

Group 7

Add:

Xbcd1930-7A {10071}.

 

BCD1930.

 

Xksu23-7A,D {10050}.

 

AFLP-23F/AFLP-23R.

 

Xksuk949(Kin)-7A {10052}.

 

KSUK949.

(6B,D).

Xksuk951(Kin)-7B {10052}.

 

KSUK951.

(1A,B,D, 3D, 6D).

Xksuk960(Kin)-7A,B,D {10052}.

 

KSUK960.

(5B, 6B).

Xksuk964(Kin)-7A,B,D {10052}.

 

KSUK964.

 

Xksuk971(Kin)-7B {10052}.

 

KSUK971.

(1D, 2D, 3A).

 

Morphological and Physiological Traits

1. Gross Morphology: Spike Characteristics

1.2. Club/Compact spike

QTL: Two additional QTLs for spike compactness were detected in Courtot/Chinese Spring {10080} on chromosome arms 5DL (QCp.icf-5D) and 6DL (QCp.icf-6D). Markers Xcfd26-5D and Xcfd38-6D explained 13.6% and 12.2% of the variance in spike compactness, respectively {10080}.

 

6.Awnedness

6.1 Dominant inhibitors

6.1.2. Tipped 1

B1. v: WAWHT2046 {10040}. ma: Xgwm6a-5A - 13.5cm - B1 - 12.2cM - Yr34 {10040}.

 

9. Brittle Rachis (revised section)

Br-A1{10061}. [Br1 {9970}]. 3DS{9970}. v: T. aestivum var. tibetanum{9970}.

Br-A2{10061}. [Br2 {0130}]. 3A{0130}. 3AS {10061}. sutv: LDN(DIC 3A){0130}.

Br-A3{10061}. [Br3 {0130}]. 3B{0130}. 3BS {10061}. sutv: LTN(DIC 3B){0130}.

 

 

Evidence for an orthologous series extending to many related species is discussed in {0130} and {10061}.

 

Br4 {10082}. 2A {10082}. tv: T. dicoccoides {10082}. ma: 33 cM distal to Xgwm294-2A (LOD= 6.3, R2= 14.4%) {10082}.

 

11. Cadmium Uptake

11.1. Low cadmium uptake

Add the following:

Cdu1. 5BL {10104}. v: Kyle*2/Biodur (10104}.

cdu1. v: Kofa{10104}.

 

18. Ear Emergence

QTLs for ear emergence were detected in the cross Renan/Recital {10069}. LOD scores and percent of variation explained by the QTL (R2) are averages of three years of field tests.

 

QEet.inra-2B {10069}. ma: 2B linked to Xgwm148 (LOD= 5.7, R2= 11.9.2%).

QEet.inra-2D{10069}. ma: 2D linked to XksuE3 (LOD= 2.7, R2= 6.5%).

QEet.inra-7D {10069}. ma: 7D linked to Pch1 (LOD= 3.9, R2= 7.3%).

 

19. Earliness Per Se

Eps-5BL1 {10075}. 5BL (10074}. ma: QTL mapped on chromosome 5BL, linked to Xwmc73-5B (this QTL explained 8% of the variance in flowering time, P<0.03){10074}.

 

Eps-5BL2{10074}. 5BL {10074}. ma: QTL mapped on chromosome 5BL, linked to Xgwm499-5B (this QTL explained 6% of the variance in flowering time){10074}.

 

QTLs

Two QTL for narrow-sense earliness were detected on chromosome 2B in a CS/T. spelta var. duhamelianum KT19-1RI population {10057}. The QTL were associated with markers Xpsr135-2B and Xabc451-2B {10057}. For both QTL, earliness was conferred by the CS allele.

 

20. Flowering time

Insert at beginning of section: The isolation of wheat genes orthologous to the Arabidopsis Co and rice Hd1 gene was reported in {10054}. The genomic clones TaHd1-1, TaHd1-2 and TaHd1-3 originate from the long arms of chromosomes 6A, 6B and 6D, respectively. The orthology of the TaHd1 genes with Co/Hd1 has been demonstrated by complementation of a rice line deficient in Hd1 function with the TaHd1-1 genomic clone. It should be noted that the wheat TaHd1 and rice Hd1 genes are located in non-syntenic locations {10054}. To date, no variation for flowering time has been identified on the wheat group 6 chromosomes.

 

23. Frost Resistance

Fr-A2 {10079}. dv: Triticum monococcum. Frost tolerant parent G3116, frost susceptible parent DV92. ma: The QTL mapped on chromosome 5AL has a LOD score of 9 and explained 49% of the variation in frost tolerance. Closest markers: Xbcd508-5A and Xucw90(Cbf3)-5A. These markers are 30 cM proximal to Xwg644-5A, which is closely linked to frost tolerance locus Fr-1. QTLs for frost tolerance in the Fr-2 region have been also identified in wheat chromosome 5B (Fr-B2 {10079})and in barley chromosome 5H (Fr-H2 {10083}).

 

Fr-B2 [Fr-B1 {10075}]. ma: QTL mapped on chromosome 5BL, linked to Xgwm639-5B (this QTL explained 12-31% of the variance in frost tolerance){10075}. Xgwm639-5B mapped close to Xmwg914-5B, and to Xbcd508-5B, a marker located at the peak of the Fr-A2 QTL {10075}. This data suggests that this locus is more likely orthologous to Fr-2 than to Fr-1.

 

24.1. Gametocidal activity

Gc2-Sl1b. ma: an EMS-induced Gc-2 mutant was mapped to a wheat-Aegilops sharonensis T4B-4Ssh#1 translocation chromosome {10068}.

 

28. Grain Hardness/Endosperm Texture

Add at end of section: QTL: Two QTL were detected for grain hardness in RILs of the ITMI population (Synthetic / Opata 85) {10051}. The QTL on the short arm of chromosome 5D is associated with Xmta10-5D, and increased hardness is contributed by Opata {10051}. The locus located proximally on the long arm of 5D is associated with Xbcd450-5D and increased hardness is contributed by the Synthetic allele{10051}..

 

Add at the end of the section:

Using proteomic analysis of 2D-protein gels applied to 101 lines of the Opata/W-7984 (ITMI) RI mapping population, and after a preliminary study of a sub-group of these lines {10086}, 446 amphiphilic protein spots were resolved, 170 specific to either of the two parents and 276 common to both {10087}. An important category of these proteins comprises the puroindolines. Seventy-two loci encoding amphiphilic proteins were conclusively assigned to 15 chromosomes. At least one Protein Quantity Locus (PQL) was associated with each of 96 spots out of the 170 spots segregating; these PQL were distributed throughout the genome. The majority of the amphiphilic proteins were shown to be associated with plant membranes and/or play a role in plant defence against external invasions. Not only the puroindolines were associated with kernel hardness a number of other amphiphilic proteins were also found to influence this trait.

 

31. Grain Weight

Grain weight

QGw1.inra-2B{10071}.

 

v:

Renan/Recital; favourable allele from Renan {10071}. (R2= 10.7 - 19.7%) {10071}.

 

ma:

Xgwm374-2B - Xgwm388-2B

 

QGw1.inra-5B{10071}.

 

v:

Renan/Recital; favourable allele from Recital {10071}. (R2= 4.9 10.4%) {10071}.

 

ma:

Xgwm639-5B - Xgwm604-5B

 

QGw1.inra-7A{10071}.

 

v:

Renan/Recital; favourable allele from Recital {10071}. (R2= 5.2 10.3%) {10071}.

 

ma:

Xcfa2049-7A - Xbcd1930-7A (R2= 5.2 10.3%) {10071}.

 

39.3. Reduced Height: QTL

QTLs for height detected in the cross Renan/Recital {10069}. LOD scores and percent of variation explained by the QTL (R2) are averages of three years of field tests.

 

QHt.inra-2B{10069}.

ma:

Associated with Xgwm249-2B (LOD= 5.8, R2= 15.4%).

QHt.inra-4A{10069}.

ma:

Associated with Xfba243-4A (LOD= 6.5, R2= 15.0%).

QHt.inra-5A{10069}.

ma:

Associated with Xgwm639b-5A (LOD= 5.7, R2= 10.8%).

QHt.inra-6D{10069}.

ma:

Associated with Xcfd76-6D (LOD= 3.7, R2= 8.1%).

QHt.inra-7A{10069}.

ma:

Associated with Xcdo545-7A (LOD= 3.2, R2= 7.7%).

 

QHt.riso-3A {10067}.

ma:

Mapped on the centromeric region between SSR markers Xwmc505-3A and Xwmc264-3A (LOD>6) {10067}.

 

40. Herbicide Response

40.4. Imidazolinone resistance

Resistance alleles found in mutagenised populations were incompletely dominant and additive in effect {10099}. Resistance is due to single base pair changes in acetohydroxyacid synthase.

Imi1 {10099}.

6DL {10101}.

[AhasL-D1 {10101},Fs-4 {10100}].

 

v:

BW755 = Grandin*3 / Fidel-FS-4 {10099}; CDS Teal IMI 1A {10099}; CDC Teal IMI 9A {10099}; CDC Teal IMI 10A = Fidel-FS-2 {10099}; Clearfield WHS Janz = Janz*4/Fidel-FS-2; Clearfield WHS Stiletto = Stiletto*3//Spear/ fidel-FS-3; Fidel-FS-2 = ATCC 40997{10100}.

 

v2:

CDC Teal IMI 15A = PTA 3955 Imi3 {10099}.

 

Imi2 {10099}.

6BL {10101}.

[AhasL-B1 {10101}].

 

v:

CDC Teal IMI 11A = PTA 3953 {10099}.

 

Imi3 {10099}.

6AL {10101}.

[AhasL-A1 {10101}].

 

v2:

CDC Teal IMI 15A Imi3 {10099}.

 

dv:

T. monococcum mutant EM2 (mutant of susceptible line TM23 {10102}.

Mutant EM2 has a serine to asparagine substitution near the carboxyl end of the enzyme. The same change has led to imidazolinone resistance in hexaploid wheat, rice and Arabidopsis {10102}.

 

57. Red grain Colour

Add at beginning of the preamble: Red colour is probably due to the polyphenol compounds phlobaphene or proanthocyanidin, synthesised through the flavanoid pathway. Himi & Noda {10107} provided evidence that the D genes were wheat forms of Myb-type transcription factors (Myb10-3A, Myb10-3B, Myb-3D).

 

61. Response to Vernalization

Add to genotype list following Vrn-A1a:

Triple Dirk F: Vrn-A1b Vrn-B1b Vrn-D1b Vrn-D5a: Yes

Triple Dirk C: Vrn-A1b Vrn-B1b Vrn-D1b Vrn-D5b: Yes Winter type.

 

Vrn-1. Add to end of first section.

Diploid wheat:

Vrn1 {10014}.

Spring type.

v:

G2528 (10014}.

vrn1 {10014}.

Winter type.

v:

DV 92 {10014}; G1777 {10014}; G3116 {10014}.

 

ma:

Vrn1 was completely linked to MADS-box genes AP1 and AGLG1. AP1was considered a better candidate than AGLG1 and differences between winter and spring genotypes appeared to be related to differences in the promoter region of AP1 {10014}. The involvement of AP1 in vernalization response conditioned by Vrn-1 was also reported in {10019}.

 

Vrn-B1a. Add v: T. spelta var. duhamelianum KT19-1 {10057}. ma: Vrn-B1a - 1.6cM - Xwg644-5B - 2.5cM - Xgwm408-5B {10004}. Closely linked to Xgwm408-5B in Diamant I*/ Mironovskaya 808 5A // Bezostaya 1 {10007}. A close association of Vrn-B1 with Xcdo1326-5B was reported in {10057}.

 

Replace the current Vrn4 section with the following:

Vrn4. After the second sentence in the comments following germplasm entries insert: Goncharov {10108} confirmed the existence of Vrn4 but failed to confirm its location on chromosome 5D..

 

Vrn5 {10004}. To date only Vrn-D5 has been detected.

Vrn-D5a [{10004}].

[Vrn-D5 {10004}, Vrn4 {1172}].

5D {10002}, 5DL {10004}.

 

i:

Triple Dirk F.

 

v2:

Gabo Vrn-B1a {1172}; IL47 Vrn-A1a {10005}.

 

ma:

Xgdm3-5D - 11.5 & 4.5 cM - Vrn-D5a {10004}.

Eight land races with only Vrn-D5a were detected in {10003}; others combined Vrn-D5a with other Vrn genes. Stelmakh {1424} doubted the existence of Vrn-D5a. Goncharov {10108} confirmed the existence of Vrn-D5a but failed to confirm its location on chromosome 5D. References to additional studies are given in {1424}.

 

QTL: Add: A QTL on chromosome 5BL was linked to Xgwm604-5B (this QTL explained 11% of the variance in flowering time){10075}..

 

72. Yield Components

72.1. Grain weight

72.1.2. 1000-grain weight

QTkwt.unl-3A.1{10044}.

3AS {10044}.

v:

Cheyenne/Cheyenne (Wichita 3A) RI mapping population {10044}; a higher kernel weight of 0.27g was contributed by Cheyenne and the QTL explained 12.7 % of the phenotypic variation {10044}. The QTL coincided with QTLs for grain yield, kernel number per square meter and kernels per spike {10044}.

 

ma:

Associated with Xbarc12-3A and Xtam55-3A {10044}.

 

72.3. Grain number per spike

QKps.unl-3A.1{10044}.

3AS {10044}.

v:

Cheyenne/Cheyenne (Wichita 3A) RI mapping population {10044}; a higher kernel number of 0.3 kernels was contributed by Wichita and the QTL explained 15.5 % of the phenotypic variation {10044}. The QTL coincided with QTLs for grain yield, kernel number per square meter and 1000-kernel weight {10044}.

 

ma:

Associated with Xbarc12-3A {10044}.

QKps.unl-3A.2 [{10044}].

3A {10044}.

v:

Cheyenne/Cheyenne (Wichita 3A) RI mapping population {10044}; a higher kernel number of 0.3 kernels was contributed by Cheyenne and the QTL explained 9.5 % of the phenotypic variation {10044}.

 

ma:

Associated with Xbcd141-3A {10044}.

 

72.9. Grain yield

QGyld.unl-3A.1{10044}.

3AS {10044}.

v:

Cheyenne/Cheyenne (Wichita 3A) RI mapping population {10044}; a higher grain yield of 32 kg/ha was contributed by Wichita and the QTL explained 6.6 % of the phenotypic variation {10044}. The QTL coincided with QTLs for kernel number per square meter, 1000-kernel weight and kernels per spike {10044}.

QGyld.unl-3A.2{10044}.

3A {04100}.

v:

Cheyenne/Cheyenne (Wichita 3A) RI mapping population {10044}; a higher grain yield of 82 kg/ha was contributed by Wichita and the QTL explained 28.1 % of the phenotypic variation {10044}. The QTL coincided with a QTL for kernel number per square meter {10044}.

 

ma:

Associated with Xbarc67-3A and Xbcd366-3A {10044}.

QYld.inra-7D{10071}.

 

v:

Renan/Recital {10071}.

 

ma:

 

Xcdf69-7D (R2= 3.7 15.7%).

 

72.10. Kernel number per square meter

QKpsm.unl-3A.1{10044}.

3AS {10044}.

v:

Cheyenne/Cheyenne (Wichita 3A) RI mapping population {10044}; higher kernel number (170 kernels) was contributed by Wichita and the QTL explained 14.6 % of the phenotypic variation {10044}. The QTL coincided with QTLs for grain yield, 1000-kernel weight and kernels per spike {10044}.

 

ma:

Associated with Xbarc12-3A {10044}.

QKpsm.unl-3A.2{10044}.

3A {10044}.

v:

Cheyenne/Cheyenne (Wichita 3A) RI mapping population {10044}; higher kernel number (195 kernels) was contributed by Wichita and the QTL explained 19.1 % of the phenotypic variation {10044}. The QTL coincided with a QTL for grain yield {10044}.

 

ma:

Associated with Xbarc67-3A {10044}.

 

72.11 Grain volume weight

QGvwt.unl-3A.1 [{10044}].

3A {10044}.

v:

Cheyenne/Cheyenne (Wichita 3A) RI mapping population {10044}; higher grain volume weight (+23 kg/hL)) was contributed by Wichita and the QTL explained 43.1 % of the phenotypic variation {10044}. The QTL coincided with a QTL for spikes per square meter {10044}.

 

ma:

Associated with Xbcd1380-3A {10044}.

 

74.1. Grain protein content

Insert as a note before the first XGpc.ccsu entry: Thirteen QTL for grain protein content were identified in a RI population from the cross WL711 (low protein content) and PH132 (high grain protein content) {10055}. The QTLs that were identified using more than one method or in more than one environment are listed below. Also listed is a QTL that was identified in the mean over the four environments and was therefore deemed important {10055}..

Replace the existing entry for XGpcccsu-2D.

QGpc.ccsu-2B.1 {10055}.

2BL {10055}.

v:

WL711/PH132 RI mapping population {10055}; higher protein content was contributed by PH132 and the QTL explained 13.4% of the phenotypic variation {10055}.

 

ma:

Associated with Xgwm1249-2B {10055}.

QGpc.ccsu-2D.1 {0015,10055}.

2DL {0015,10055}.

v:

WL711/PH132 RI mapping population {0015,10055}; higher protein content was contributed by PH132 and the QTL explained 19% {0015} and 14% {10055} of the phenotypic variation.

 

ma:

Associated with Xgwm1264-2D {10055}.

QGpc.ccsu-3D.1 {10055}.

3DS {10055}.

v:

WL711/PH132 RI mapping population {10055}; higher protein content was contributed by PH132 and the QTL explained 16.3% of the phenotypic variation {10055}.

 

ma:

Associated with Xgwm456-3D {10055}.

QGpc.ccsu-3D.2 {10055}.

3DS {10055}.

v:

WL711/PH132 RI mapping population {10055}; higher protein content was contributed by PH132 and the QTL explained 14% of the phenotypic variation {10055}.

 

ma:

Associated with Xgwm892-3D {10055}.

QGpc.ccsu-7A.1 {10055}.

7AS {10055}.

v:

WL711/PH132 RI mapping population {10055}; higher protein content was contributed by PH132 and the QTL explained 32.4% of the phenotypic variation {10055}.

 

ma:

Associated with Xgwm1171-7A {10055}.

QPro.inra-2A{10071}.

2A {10071}.

v:

Renan/Recital {10071}.

 

ma:

XksuD18-2A - Xgwm614-2A (R2= 4.4 - 8.9%) {10071}.

QPro.inra-3A{10071}.

3A {10071}.

v:

Renan/Recital {10071}.

 

ma:

Xcfd79-3A - Xfbb250-3A (R2= 4.1 8.3%) {10071}.

QPro.inra-4D{10071}.

4D {10071}.

v:

Renan/Recital {10071}.

 

ma:

Linked to Xcfd71-4D (R2= 4.6 10.3%) {10071}.

QPro.inra-7D{10071}.

7D {10071}.

v:

Renan/Recital {10071}.

 

ma:

Xcfd69-7D - Pch1 (R2= 6.4 10.4%) {10071}.

For QTLs conferring grain protein content detected in the cross Renan/Recital {10071}, only QTLs stable over at least 4 of the 6 locations are presented. Renan contributed the four alleles for high grain protein content.

 

74.2.22. NADH dehydrogenase

74.2.22.3. Ndh-3

Insert as a note following the Ndh-D3 entry: A Ndh locus, designated Nadhd2, was mapped 27 cM from Est-D10 in an Ae. tauschii F2 population derived from VIR-1954/VIR-1345 {10046}. This locus may be homologous to Ndh-D3..

 

74.2.27. Catalase

A catalase locus, designated Cat2, was mapped 6 cM proximal to Aco-D2 in an Ae. tauschii F2 population derived from VIR-1954/VIR-1345 cross {10046}. This locus may be orthologous to Cat-B1 {10046}.

 

74.2.30. Benzoxinones

The putative role of benzoinones sets Bx-1 to Bx-5 is to catalyse the pathway Indole-3-glycerol phosphate to DIBOA. Primers designed from maize sequences were used to generate RT-PCR products utilised to screen a cDNA library from CS seedlings. Full-length cDNAs were heterologously expressed in yeast and the Bx gene products had enzymatic action. The Bx genes located by Southern analysis of CS deletion stocks occurred as clustered groups in homoeologous groups 4 (Bx-1, Bx-2) and 5 (Bx-3.1,.2, Bx-4, Bx-5) {10103}.

 

74.2.31. Acetohydroxyacid synthase (EC 4.1.3.18)

An orthologous series was mapped as the active target sites of imidazolinone herbicides. See section 40.4.

 

AhasL-A1 [{10101}].

[Imi3 {10099}].

6AL {10101}.

 

v2:

CDC Teal IMI 15A Imi3 {10099}.

 

dv:

T. monococcum mutant EM2 (mutant of susceptible line TM23 {10102}.

 

AhasL-B1 [{10101}].

[Imi2 {10099}].

6BL {10101}.

 

v:

CDC Teal IMI 11A = PTA 3953 {10099}.

 

AhasL-D1 [{10101}].

[Imi1 {10099}].

6DL {10101}.

 

v:

BW755 = Grandin*3 / Fidel-FS-4 {10099}.

 

74.3. Endosperm storage proteins

 

74.3.1.1 Glu-1

In the preamble, in the sentence that reads No 'y-type' protein from the Glu-A1 locus has been demonstrated in hexaploid wheat {1118}, although they are found in diploid wheats {1535,798}, and sequencing experiments have shown the presence of a terminating sequence inside the transcribed portion of the gene {373}., replace the last part of the sentence with and sequencing experiments have shown the presence of two stop codons in the transcribed portion of the gene {10088}.

 

Glu-B1

In the text that follows the Glu-B1 listing, after the sentence that reads Possible low gene expression at Glu-B1 was noted for Glu-B1w, where subunits 6*+8* stain very faintly {1146}. (par 2), add the following text: Many of the cultivars carrying the over-expressed subunit 7 encoded by Glu-B1al show %UPP values that transcend the normal range observed for cultivars that lack this subunit {10089}, which presumably is associated in some way with its unusually high amount in the grain. The underlying cause of the increased amount may be due to an increased transcriptional rate compared to other alleles, for which a known difference in promoter sequence compared to other alleles expressing normal levels of this subunit {10090} may be responsible.

 

Glu-D1

Add:

Glu-D1bo [{10091}].

5+12 {10091}.

v:

W958 {10091}.

Note: this putative new allele encodes two subunits that have very similar electrophoretic mobilities compared to subunits 5+12 encoded by Glu-D1h, but analysis using the specific PCR primers for Dx5 described in {10092} and {10093} shows that the x-type subunit of Glu-D1bo, provisionally denominated 5 {10091}, does not appear to be the same protein as subunit 5 {10091}. Definitive evidence awaits sequencing information (See note to allele Glu-D1-1s).

Correction: in the opening words of the paragraph following the Glu-D1 listing, replace Glu-D1 {421} with Glu-D1k {421}. Also, correct the spelling, from arison to arisen, in the same phrase.

 

Glu-D1-1

Allele Glu-D1-r needs to be placed in the correct order.

Add:

Glu-D1-1s [{10091}].

5 {10091}.

v:

W958 {10091}.

Note: this putative new allele encodes a subunit, provisionally denominated 5 {10091}, that has a very similar electrophoretic mobility compared to subunit 5 encoded by Glu-D1-1d, but analysis using the specific PCR primers for Dx5 described in {10092} and {10093} shows that it does not appear to be the same protein as subunit 5 {10091}. Definitive evidence awaits sequencing information. (See note to allele Glu-D1bo).

 

Glu-R1

Add after the Glu-R1 listing:

Five new x-type subunits (plus the null allele) and four y-type subunits were reported in {10094}. They vary principally through duplications and deletions of the tri-, hexa- and nona-peptide motifs found in the central repetitive region of the subunits. Orthologous genes were found to be more closely related than paralogous genes, supporting the hypothesis that gene duplication occurred before Triticeae speciation {10095,10094}.

 

Glu-B3

Add:

Glu-B3z [{10116}].

6.1 {10116}.

tv:

Buck Cristal {10116}.

Note: the designation of this protein (subunit 6.1) as an allele of Glu-B3 was deduced from its electrophoretic mobility and awaits confirmation through mapping studies.

 

74.3.2. Gliadins

Add in the gliadin preamble (par. 3) at the end of families of gliadin alleles and some of their relationships were described {9988}..

Twenty eight gamma-gliadin gene sequences from Genbank were grouped into nine subgroups in {10063}. Primers were developed against some of the subgroups and the chromosomal location of the gamma-gliadin genes was determined {10063}..

 

Add at the end of the preamble:

A new family of low-molecular-weight gliadin genes located on groups 4 and 7 were reported in {10117}. They appear to influence rheological properties and seem to be closely related to the 17 kDa e hordein, important in beer foam stability.

 

74.5.6 Waxy proteins

Add at end of first par: A multiplex PCR assay for identifying waxy genotypes is described in {10032}.

Wx-A1b.

v:

California {10032}; Shino {10032}; Sturdy {10032}.

 

v2:

Mochi-Otome Wx-B1b WxD1b {10032}; Nebarigoshi {10032}.

 

Wx-B1b.

v:

{10032}; Reward {10032}; Yukon {10032}.

 

v2:

Mochi-Otome Wx-A1b Wx-D1b {10032}: Nebarigoshi Wx-A1b {10032}.

 

 

Wx-D1b.

v2:

Mochi-OtomeWx-A1b Wx-B1b {10032}.

 

Correction - in the entry:

Wx-D1d {0118}.

v:

K107wx1{0118}; EMS mutants{0118}; One Iranian and one Italian accession {03101}.

K107wx1 should read K107Wx1 and EMS mutants should read K107Wx2.

 

74.5.8. Puroindolines and Grain Softness Proteins

Pina-D1

Pina-D1d.

dv:

Change the entry 'TA2521' to 'TA2512'

 

Add:

Pina-D1g{03105}.

dv:

Ae. tauschii TA1583 (GenBank AY252029) Pinb-D1a, Gsp-D1b {03105}.

Pina-D1h{10118}.

v:

X. Aegilotriticum CIGM86.946-1B-0B-0PR-0B (GenBank AY573898) Pinb-D1o {10118}.

Pina-D1i{10018}.

v:

X. Aegilotriticum CIGM87.2784-1B-0PR-0B (GenBank AY573899) Pinb-D1k {10118}.

Pina-D1j{10118}.

v:

X. Aegilotriticum CIGM88.1363-0B (GenBank AY573900) Pinb-D1o {10118}.

Pina-D1j{10118}.

v:

X. Aegilotriticum CIGM88.1363-0B (GenBank AY573900) Pinb-D1o {10118}.

Pina-D1k{10077}.

s:

CS*/Red Egyptian 5D substitution line, Pinb-D1q, Gsp-D1i {10077}.

This locus has a large deletion encompassing genes Pina-D1, Pinb-D1 and Gsp-D1. This allelic combination confers a harder kernel texture than Pina-D1a/Pinb-D1b {10077}.

 

Pinb-D1

Pinb-D1l{10119}.

v:

GaoCheng 8901 {10119}.

Pinb-D1m{10118}.

v:

X. Aegilotriticum CIGM87.2783-1B-0PR-0B (GenBank AY573901) Pina-D1c {10118}.

Pinb-D1n{10118}.

v:

X. Aegilotriticum CIGM92.1708 (GenBank AY573902) Pina-D1d {10118}.

Pinb-D1o{10118}.

v:

X. Aegilotriticum CIGM93.247 (GenBank AY573903) Pina-D1e {10118}.

Pinb-D1p{10121}.

v:

Nongda 3213 {10121}; Nongda 3395 {10121}.

Pinb-D1q{10077}.

s:

CS*/Red Egyptian 5D substitution line, Pina-D1k, Gsp-D1i {10077}.

This locus has a large deletion encompassing genes Pina-D1, Pinb-D1 and Gsp-D1. This allelic combination confers a harder kernel texture than Pina-D1a/Pinb-D1b {10077}.

 

Add at end of section: 'In T. monococcum the gene order was reported to be: tel - Gsp-1 - Pina - Pinb {0083,10122} whereas in Ae. squarrosa it was: tel - Gsp-1 - Pinb - Pina {10037}.'.

 

74.5.9. Grain softness protein

Gsp-D1i{10120}.

v:

Yecora Rojo (GenBank AY255771) Pina-D1b, Pinb-D1a {10120}.

Gsp-D1j{10077}.

s:

CS*/Red Egyptian 5D substitution line, Pina-D1k, Pinb-D1q {10077}.

This locus has a large deletion encompassing genes Pina-D1, Pinb-D1 and Gsp-D1 {10077}.

 

Pathogenic Disease/Pest Reaction

 

76. Reaction to Blumeria graminis
76.1. Designated genes for resistance
Pm3b. Add at end of entry: The isolation of Pm3b is reported in {10064}. The Pm3b gene (Genbank accession number AY325736) is a coiled-coil NBS-LRR type of disease resistance gene {10064}.

Pm24.

ma:

Xgwm789-1D/Xgwm603-1D - 2.4cM - Pm24 - 3.6cm - Xbarc229-1D {10109}.

Delete the comment at the end of the section.

 

Pm32 {10025}.

Derived from Ae. speltoides {10025}.

1B = 1BL.1SS {10025}.

 

v:

L501 = Rodina*6/ Aeg. speltoides {10025}.

 

MlTd1055{10029}.

tv:

T. dicoccoides 1055 {10029}.

 

78. Reaction to Diuraphis noxia 
Dn7. Add: ma: Xbcd1434-1B  1.4 cM  Dn7  7.4 cM  XksuD14-1B {10059}.

 

79. Reaction to Fusarium spp.

79.1. Disease: Fusarium head scab, scab.

Type II resistance Insert this heading after the disease name.

QFhs.ndsu.3B. Insert comment after gene entry: 'Associated mainly with resistance to fungal spread {10073}'.

ma: Add at end of first paragraph: QFhs.ndsu-3B from Sumai 3 was associated with microsatellite loci Xgwm533-3B and Xgwm274-3B in certain Sumai 3 derivatives {10062}. In Ning 894037 the QTL has the same location and similar SSR bands to Sumai 3 {10085}. STS marker SRST.3B1 was mapped between Xgwm533-3B and Xgwm389-3B and associated with QFhs.ndsu-3B {10072}. QFhs.ndsu.3B was associated with markers Xgwm533-3B, Xbarc133-3B, Xbarc147-3B and Xgwm493-3B {10073}.

 

Qfhs.ifa-5A {10076}. Associated mainly with resistance to fungal penetration {10073}. 5A {0240,10076}. v: Remus / CM-82036 {10076}. ma: Associated with markers Xgwm293-5A, Xgwm304-5A, Xgwm1057-5A, Xbarc117-5A, Xbarc186-5A, Xbarc100-5A and Xbarc40-5A {10073}.

 

QTLs for resistance to Fusarium graminearum detected in the cross Renan/Recital {10069}. All resistance alleles, except QFhs.inra-3A, were contributed by Renan. LOD scores and percent of variation explained by the QTL (R2) are averages of three years of field tests.

QFhs.inra-2A{10069}.

ma:

Associated with Xgwm382c-2A (LOD= 6.3, R2= 14.4%).

QFhs.inra-2B{10069}.

ma:

Associated with Xgwm374-2B (LOD= 7.6, R2= 12%).

QFhs.inra-3A{10069}.

ma:

Associated with Xbcd372-3A (LOD= 3.7, R2= 6.2%).

QFhs.inra-3B{10069}.

ma:

Associated with Xgwm383b-3B (LOD= 5.4, R2=10.5% ).

QFhs.inra-5A.1 {10069}.

ma:

Associated with Xpsr170a-5A (LOD= 3.8, R2= 5%).

QFhs.inra-5A.2{10069}.

ma:

Associated with Xgwm639b-5A (LOD= 6.6, R2= 14%).

QFhs.inra-5A.3 {10069}.

ma:

Associated with B1 (LOD= 6.3, R2=8.5% ).

QFhs.inra-5D{10069}.

ma:

Associated with Xcfd29-5D (LOD= 4.4, R2= 7%).

QFhs.inra-6D{10069}.

ma:

Associated with Xcfd42-6D (LOD= 2.7 R2= 6.6%).

 

QFhs.pur.2D {10085}.

v:

Alondra{10085}.

 

ma:

Located on 2DS between SSR markers Xgwm296-2D and Xgwm261-2D {10085}.

 

In the second paragraph of the discussion following the listing of genes, modify the text to: '..Remus / CM82036' and add reference {10024} to the 3BS and 5A QTLs.

 

Insert after the 3rd Paragraph: A marker study found that 14 of 66 wheats with putative FHB resistance shared markers indicative of the 3BS QTL in Ning 7840, Sumai 3, Wangshuibai and possibly Wuhan 3, plus Japanese landraces Shinchunaga and Shirasu No 1 {10115} The original source may be the landrace 'Taiwan Wheat' rather than Funo{10115}.

Four QTLs on chromosomes 3BS (associated with Xbarc133-3B), 3BL (Xgwm247-3B) and 3AS (Xgwm5-3A) from Huapei 57-2, and 5BL (Xbarc59-5B) from Patterson, were reported in the cross Huapei 57-2 / Patterson (10026). Huapei 57-2, Ning 7840 and Sumai 3 carried common alleles in the Xgwm533-3B, Xgwm493-3B, XBarc147-3B and Xbarc133-3B region {10026}.

Wuhan-1 / Maringa: Two QTLs were located on chromosomes 2DL and 3BS (distal) {10020}.

Of 54 lines with reported FHB resistance, 6, including CM-82036, Ning 7840 and Wuhan 3, had the same 5-marker haplotype as Sumai 3, and 4 lines possessed 4 of the markers. Twenty-nine lines, including Frontana, had no marker allele in common with Sumai 3, whereas 13 lines had 1 to 3 alleles in common with it {10113}. Qfhs.ndsu-3B and the 5 marker loci were placed in 3BS deletion bin 0.78 -0.87 {10144}.

Patterson (mod sus) / Fundulea 201R RILS: QTLs accounting for 19% and 13% of phenotypic variation were found on chromosomes 1BL (Xbarc8-1BS - Xgwm131-1BL region) and 3AS (Xgwm674-3a / Xbarc67-3A region) {10114}. Two weak QTLs were possibly associated with chromosomes 3D (Patterson allele) and 5AS {10114}.

Field resistance: Wuhan-1 / Maringa, QTLs were located on chromosomes 2DS, 3BS (proximal) and 4B {10020}.

DON accumulation: Wuhan-1 / Maringa, QTLs were located on chromosomes 2DL and 5DS {10020}.

 

79.2. Disease:Crown rot caused by Fusarium pseudograminearum, F. culmorum and other Fusareum species

QTL: Simple interval mapping in the region Pst1 ACG.Mse1 CAC - Xgwm251-4B accounted for 48% of the variation in crown rot response in a Kukri (R) / Janz (S) DH population {10034}.

 

80. Reaction to Heterodera avenae

Cre1.

v:

Beulah {10013}; Goldmark {10013}; Goroke {10013}; Kellalac {10013}; Ouyen {10013}; RE8607 {10013}; Silverstar {10013}; VI 252 {10013}; VI 727 {10013}.

 

ma:

Co-segregation with Xcsl107-2B. Four of 6 land varieties possessed Xcsl107-2B. A variant haplotype of Xcsl1o7-2B was present in AUS4930 {10013}; Xcdo36-2B - 7.5cM - Xbcd1231-2B/XAtPPr5/Xcsl107-2B/Cre1 {10013}.

 

Cre3.

ma:

Co-linearity with 2BL for Xcdo-36-2D and XAtPPr5/Xbcd1231-2D/G4/G12/Cre3 (see Cre1) {10013}.

 

Cre8.

Add L to 6B, ie, 6BL.

 

ma:

Replace current entry with: 'Linked to RFLP loci Xbcd1-6B and Xcdo347-6B. The 6B location of the Xcdo347 probe used in this study was confirmed by nulli-tetrasomic analysis {0220}'.

 

82. Reaction to Mayetiola destructor
H31{0332}. Change Xupw148-5B to Xupw4148-5B.
 

84. Reaction to Mycosphaerella graminicola

Stb1.

5BL {10123}.

v:

P881072-75-1 {10123}; SO852 {10123}.

 

ma:

Located in FL 5BL-11 - 5BL-14 {10123}. Close linkage with 2 RAPD makers at >0.68 and 1.4cM in P881072-75-1{10123}. Cent..Xbarc74-5B - 2.8cM - Stb1 {10123}.

Stb2.

3BS {10105}.

ma:

Xgwm389-3B/Xgwm533-3B - 1.0cM - Stb2 - 3.7cM - Xgwm493-3B {10105}.

Stb3.

6DS {10105}.

ma:

Stb3 - 3.0cM - Xgdm132-6D{10105}.

Stb4.

Update to: 7D {0326},7DS {10106}.

v:

Cleo{1410};Gene {10010}; Tadinia {1410,10106}, Tadorna {1410}.

 

ma:

XAGG/CAT10 - 4.0cM - Stb4 - 0.7cM - Xgwm111-7D - 1.4cM - XATCG/CAAA5..Cent {10106}.

Stb6.

ma:

A resistance gene from Senat located at or near the Stb6 locus was mapped 5 cM from microsatellite Xgwm369-3A on chromosome arm 3AS {10067}.

 

 

Stb9{10027}. Information withheld until publication.

Stb10{10011}. Information withheld until publication.

Stb11{10012}. Information withheld until publication.

 

QTL: Four QTLs for resistance to Mycosphaerella graminicola were identified in replicated field experiments in a double haploid population from Savannah (susceptible) / Senat (resistant). Senat contributed all the alleles providing resistance {10067}:

QStb.riso-6B was mapped on the centromeric region between SSR markers Xwmc494-6B and Xwmc341-6B (LOD>16, R2>68%). Also detected at the seedling stage {10067}.

QStb.riso-3A.2 was mapped on chromosome arm 3AS linked to SSR markers Xwmc489-3A, Xwmc388-3A and Xwmc505-3A (LOD>4, R2>18%). Also detected at the seedling stage {10067}. Xgwm369-3A is present on chromosome arm 3AS {0187}. A resistance gene from Senat located at or near the Stb6 locus was mapped 5 cM from microsatellite Xgwm369-3A on chromosome arm 3AS {10067}.

QStb.riso-2B was mapped on chromosome arm 2BL linked to SSR marker Xwmc175-2B (LOD>5, R2>17%) {10067}.

QStb.riso-7B was mapped on chromosome 7B close to SSR marker Xwmc5177B (LOD>4, R2>11%) {10067}.

 

86. Reaction to Phaeophaeria nodorum

Disease: Add 'Stagonospra nodorum blotch'.

86.1. Genes for resistance

Snb1 etc.

 

QTL:

A QTL analysis of SNB response in the ITMI population found significant effects associated with chromosomes 1B (probably Snn1) and 4BL, with an interactive effect involving the 1BS region and a marker on chromosome 2B {10009}. An additional QTL on 7BL was effective at a later stage of disease development {10009}.

 

Four QTLs, on chromosomes 2B (proximal part of long arm), 3B (distal part of short arm), 5B and 5D, were mapped in a Liwilla x Begra doubled haploid population. Longer incubation period and lower disease intensity were contributed by Liwilla {10045}.

 

Two QTLs for glume blotch resistance under natural infection were identified on chromosomes 3BS and 4BL in Arina x Forno RILs {10065}. The 3BL QTL, designated QSng.sfr-3BS, was associated with marker Xgwm389-3B and explained 31.2% of the variation. The resistance was contributed by Arina {10065}. The 4BL QTL, QSng.sfr-4BL, was associated with Xgwm251-4B and explained 19.1% of the variation. Resistance was contributed by Forno {10065}. A QTL on 5BL, QSng.sfr-5BL, overlapped with QTLs for plant height and heading time {10065}.

 

 

86.2. Sensitivity to SNB toxin

Snn1 (10008}.

Sensitivity is dominant {10009}.

1BS {10009}.

 

 

v:

CS {10009}: W-7984 (ITMI Synthetic) {10009}.

snn1.

i:

CS*/ T. dicoccoides 1B {10008}.

 

v:

Opata 85 {10008}.

 

tv:

T. dicoccoides.{10008}.

 

87. Reaction to Puccinia graminis

Sr2.

ma:

Add to present entry: Xglk683 (STS Xsun2-3B) - 0.5cM - Xgwm533-3B {0358}. These SSR loci were located within FL 0.87 - 0.75 {0358}. All 27 lines with Sr2 carried a 120bp allele at Xgwm533-3B. A 120bp allele in 4 cultivars lacking Sr2 differed from the Sr2-associated allele at 4 base positions (0358}.

Sr38.

ma:

The 2NS translocated segment carrying Sr38 replaced the distal half of chromosome 2A (25-38 cM) from Xcmwg682 to XksuH9. PCR markers were developed for the 2NS and 2AS alleles of Xcmwg682 {10073}.

 

88. Reaction to Puccinia striiformis

Yr1.

v:

Ritmo {10038}.

v2:

Kraka Yr32 {10038}.

Yr5.

ma:

Add: 'Completely linked to Resistance Gene-Analog Polymorphism (GRAP) markers Xwgp17-2B, Xwgp19-2B and Xwgp26-2B {10096}. Xwgp-17-2B was later converted into a simpler Cleaved Amplified Polymorphic Sequence (CAPS) PCR marker {10097}.

Yr9.

1B = 1BL.1RS.

 

 

v:

Sleipner {10038}.

v2:

Haven Yr6 {10038}; Lynx Yr6 Yr17 {10038}.

Yr15.

ma:

Gene order Yr15 - Yr24 - Xgwm11-1B {10112}.

Yr17.

Move Lynx from v to v2.

v:

Lynx Yr6 Yr9 {0044,10038}.

Add at end of section: The 2NS translocated segment carrying Yr17 replaced the distal half of chromosome 2A (25-38 cM) from Xcmwg682-2A to XksuH9-2A. PCR markers were developed for the 2NS and 2AS alleles of Xcmwg682 {10073}.

Yr24.

ma:

Gene order Yr15 - Yr24 - Xgwm11-1B {10112}.

Yr25.

v:

Strubes Dickkopf {158,10016}.

v2:

Carstens V Yr32 {10016}; Spaldings Prolific YrSP{10016}.

Yr32 {10016}.

YrCV {1430}.

Delete 2BS and substitute with '2AS {10016}'.

 

i:

CRW380 = CarstensV / 3*Avocet S {10016}.

 

v:

Consort {10021,10023}; Danis {10023}; Hereward {10021,10022}; Kraka {10021}; Oxbow {10021}; Senat {10016}; Solist {10016}; Stakado {10016}; Tres {10016}; Vivant {10023}; Wasmo {10016}.

 

v2:

CarstensV Yr25 {10016}; Kraka Yr1 {10021,10038} (Move Kraka from v: to v2)

Yr33 {10039}.

YrBat {10039}.

More readily detected in seedling tests at elevated temperatures {10039}.

 

v:

Batavia {10039}.

 

ma:

18% linkage with a 7DL marker {10039}.

Yr34 {10040}.

5AL {10040}.

This gene confers a weak seedling resistance (IT 2C to 3C) and a strong adult plant resistance (0 to 10R) {10040} to Australian pathotype 134 E16A+, but is not effective against Australian pathotype 110 E143A+ {10040}.

 

v:

WAWHT2046 {10040}.

 

ma:

Xgwm6-5A - 13.5cm - B1 - 12.2cM - Yr34 {10040}.

 

88.2 Temporarily designated genes for resistance to stripe rust

YrSP {10018}.

2BS {10018}.

 

 

i:

Cx1 = Avocet S*4/Spaldings Prolific {10018}.

v2:

Spaldings Prolific Yr25 {10018}.

 

 

88.3. Stripe rust QTLs

QTL:

Seven QTLs were identified for stripe rust severity in a joint analysis of five datasets from a Fukuho-komugi / Oligoculm doubled haploid population {10060}. Their location, associated marker, percentage variation explained and variety contributing to enhanced resistance at that locus are listed.

3BS; Xgwm389-3B; 0.2-4.9%; Oligoculm {10060}.

4BL; Xgwm538-4B; 1.8-12.3%; Oligoculm {10060}.

4DL; Xwmc399-4D; 2.5-8.0%; Oligoculm {10060}.

5BL; Xwmc415-5B; 2.4-16.1%; Oligoculm {10060}.

6BS (centromeric); Xgwm935-6B; 0.5-3.8; Oligoculm {10060}.

7BS; Xgwm935-7B; 1-5.2%; Oligoculm {10060}.

7DS; Xgwm295-7D; 10.7-23.7; Fukuho {10060}; The 7DS QTL was probably Yr18 {10060}.

 

Four QTLs were identified for stripe rust infection in a joint analysis of three datasets from a Fukuho-komugi / Oligoculm doubled haploid population {10060}. Their location, associated marker, percentage variation explained and parent contributing to enhanced resistance at that locus are listed.

2DL; Xgwm349-2D; 6.5-9.6%; Fukuho {10060}.

3BS; Xgwm389-3B; 15.1-24.5%; Oligoculm {10060}. The 3BS QTL is probably due to Yr30 {10060}.

5BL; Xwmc415-5B; 6.4-12.7%; Oligoculm {10060}.

7BL; Xwmc166-7B; 2.5-9%; Oligoculm {10060}.

 

 

89. Reaction to Puccinia triticina

Lr3a.

ma:

cDNA marker TaR16 was completely linked to Lr3 in a population of 109 gametes {10058}.

Lr10.

c:

Lr10 (T10rga1, GenBank acc. no. AY270157) encodes a CC-NBS-LRR protein of 919 a.a. {10033}.

Lr3a {10028}.

Lr3.

Details as previously listed.

Lr3b {10028}.

Lr3bg.

Details as previously listed.

Lr3c {10028}.

Lr3ka.

Details as previously listed.

Lr34

On the basis of leaf tip necrosis and lack of segregation in a diallele, cv. Saar, Simogh, Homa, Parastoo and Cocnoos were considered to have Lr34, but each also possessed 2 or 3 additional adult plant resistance factors {10110}.

Lr37

Add at end of section: The 2NS translocated segment carrying Lr37 replaced the distal half of chromosome 2A (25-38 cM) from Xcmwg682-2A to XksuH-9-2A. PCR markers were developed for the 2NS and 2AS alleles of Xcmwg682 {10073}.

Lr52 {10035}.

LrW {309}.

5BS {10035}.

 

v:

Tc-LrW = RL6107 {10035}.

 

v2:

Insert list from Lrw in earlier catalogues.

LrTt1 [{10031}].

lrTt1{10031}.

Recessive allele {10031}.

2A {10031}.

 

v:

Line 842 = Saratatovskaya*2 / T. timopheevii ssp. viticulosum {10031}.

 

ma:

Xgwm812-2A - 1.5cM - LrTt1 {10031}.

LrW.

Delete this entry from the list of temporary symbols.

In the last paragraph add reference {10111} to those references listed after U.S.A. cultivars, that is {0334,10111}.

 

89.3. QTLs for reaction to P. triticina

QTLs

Two QTLs, located distally on chromosome arm 1BL and on chromosome 7DS, were mapped for leaf rust severity in a Fukuho-komugi / Oligoculm doubled haploid population {10060}. The resistance on 1BL was contributed by Oligoculm and explained 15% of the variation. The 1BL QTL may correspond to Lr46 and was associated with marker Xwmc44-1B {0460}. The resistance on 7DS was contributed by Fukuho-komugi and explained 41% of the variation. The 7DS QTL corresponds to Lr34 and was associated with marker Xgwm295-7D {10060}.

 

Two major QTL, located on chromosomes 7D and 1BS, for leaf rust resistance were mapped in an Arina / Forno RIL population {10066}. The resistance on 7D was contributed by Forno and explained 32% of the variation. This QTL most likely corresponds to Lr34 {10066}. The resistance on 1BS (QLr.sfr-1BS) was associated with Xgwm604-1B and was contributed by Forno {10066}. Additional minor QTLs were identified on chromosome arms 2DL, 3DL, 4BS and 5AL {10066}.

 

90. Reaction to Pyrenophora tritici-repentis

90.1. Insensitivity to tan spot toxin

tsn1. Add reference {10030} after Erik, that is {0007,10030}.

Tsn1. Add reference {10030} after Kulm.

 

Add final comment to section: In Kulm/Erik, toxin response accounted for 24% of the variation in disease response, which was affected by 4-5 genes {10030}.

 

90.2. Insensitivity to chlorosis induction

tsc1.

Insensitivity allele {10015}.

 

 

v:

Opata 85 {0315,10015}.

Tsc2

Sensitivity allele, sensitivity to Ptr ToxB is dominant {10015}.

2BS {10015}.

 

v:

W-7984 {10015}.

 

QTL. QTLs affecting response to Ptr ToxB were identified on chromosomes 2AS, 4AL and 2B (10015}.

 

93. Reaction to Tapesia yallundae

Add to Pch1: ma: Pch1 was linked to Ep-D1and mapped 2cM from microsatellite marker XustSSR2001-7D{10070}.

100. Reaction to Colonization by Eriophyes tulipae

Cmc3.

ma:

Wheat lines with the 1RS segment and hence Cmc3 can be selected with the rye-specific SSR Xscm09-1R {0222}.

Cmc4.

ma:

XksuG8-6D - 6.4cM - Cmc4 - 4.1cM - Xgdm141-6D {0222}.

 

III. SUMMARY TABLES

Summary Table 1.

Add:

a-Tub

 

Alpha-tubulin

Ada2

 

Transcriptional adaptor (AY244515 )

Aglg1 

 

Agamous-like from grasses MADS-box gene (AAO86522.1)

AhasL

Set

Acetohydroxyacid synthase large sub-unit

Ap1

 

Apetala-1. Candidate gene for Vrn1 (AAO72630.1)

Bx

Sets

Benxoxazinone

Cp

 

Compact spike

Cyb5

 

Cytochrome b5 (AAO86521.1)

Cys

 

Cysteine proteinase (AY244510 and AY244511)

Imi

 

Resistance to Imidazolinone herbicides

Kin

 

Kinase

L2

 

Ribosomal protein L2

L38

 

Ribosomal protein L38

Mtk4

 

Tousled-like kinase (AY244512 and AY244513)

NBS-LRR

 

Protein that contains a nucleotide binding site and leucine-rich repeat

Nuc

 

Nucellin

Pcs

 

Phytochelatin synthetase (AAO86520.1)

PhyC

 

Phytochrome C (AY244514)

Rga

 

Resistance gene analog

Snf2P

 

Global transcriptional regulator (AAS58484.1)

Wag

Set

Wheat AGAMOUS homologue (AB084577)

 

 

IV. GENETIC LINKAGES

 

Chromosome 1BS

Yr10 - Yr15 23.6 +/- 5.5cM {10112}

Yr10 - Yr24 37.6 +/- 10.7cM {10112}

Yr15 - Yr24 3.7 +/- 1.6cM {10112}

 

Chromosome 2AS

Yr1 - Yr32 I {10016}

 

Chromosome 3AS

Br2 cent 21.1 0.2 cM {10061}

 

Chromosome 3BS

Br3 cent 20.1 0.6 cM {10061}

 

Chromosome 3DS

Br1 cent 20.6 0.3 cM {10061}

 

Chromosome 5DL

Vrn-D5 - Vrn-D1 I {10004}

 

Chromosome 6DS

Cmc4 - Cmc1 I {0222}

 

References

Update

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New

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10018. Gosal KS 2000 Aspects of Resistance to Wheat Stripe Rust in Australia. PhD Thesis, The University of Sydney.

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10022. Hovmller MS 2001 Disease severity and pathotype dynamics of Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici in Denmark. Plant Pathology 50: 181-189.

10023. Pathan A & Wellings CR. 2003 personal communication.

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10025. Hsam SLK, Lapochkina IF & Zeller FJ 2003 Chromosomal location of genes for powdery mildew resistance in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em Thell.). 8. Gene Pm32 in a wheat-Aegilops speltoides translocation line. Euphytica 133: 367-370.

10026. Bourdoncle W & Ohm HW 2003 Quantitative trait loci for resistance to Fusarium head blight in recombinant inbred lines from the cross Hualpei 57-2/Patterson. Euphytica 131: 131-136.

10027. Chartran L et al 2003. Pers comm.

10028. McIntosh et al 2003. Catalogue of Gene Symbols for Wheat. Proceedings 10th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, Instiuto Sperimentale per la Cerealcoltura, Rome, Italy, (Pogna NE, Romano N, Pogna EA & Galterio G eds.) Vol 4 & CD

10029. Ahmadi Firouzabad A & Morre K 2003 Chromosomal location of powdery mildew resistance gene Td1055 in wild emmer wheat (T. dicoccoides) accessions TA1055 and TA1150. Proceedings 10th International Wheat Genetics Symposium Instiuto Sperimentale per la Cerealcoltura, Rome, Italy, (Pogna NE, Romano N, Pogna EA & Galterio G eds.) Vol 3: 1090-1092.

10030. Friesen TL, Ali S, Kianian S, Francl LJ & Rasmussen JB 2003 Role of host sensitivity to Ptr ToxA in development of tan spot of wheat. Phytopathology 93: 397-401.

10031. Leonova I, Borner A, Budashkina E, Kalinina N, Unger O, Roder M & Salina E 2004 Identification of microsatellite markers for a leaf rust resistance gene introgressed into common wheat from Triticum timopheevii. Plant Breeding 123: 93-95.

10032. Nakamura T, Vrinten P, Saito M & Kondo M. 2002 rapid classification of partial waxy mutants using PCR-based markers. genome 45; 1150-1156.

10033. Feuillet C, Travella S, Stein N, Albar L, Nublat A & Keller B 2003 Map-based isolation of the leaf rust disease resistance gene Lr10 from the hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genome. Proceedings National Academy of Sciences U.S.A. 100: 15253-15258.

10034. Wallwork H, Butt M, Cheong J & Williams K 2003 Resistance to crown rot in wheat identified through an improved method for screening adult plants. Australasian Plant Pathology 33: 1-7.

10035. Hiebert C et al 2003 Personal communication.

10036. Ogihara Y & Tsunewaki K (eds) 2000 Chinese Spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L) chloroplast genome: complete sequence and contig clones. Kihara Memorial Foundation for the Advancement of Life Sciences, Yokohama, Japan.

10037. Turnbull K-M, Turner M, Mukai Y, Yamamoto M, Morell MK, Appels R & Rahman H 2003 The organisation of genes tightly linked to the Ha locus in Aegilops tauschii, the D-genome donor to wheat. Genome 46: 330-338.

10038. Hovmoller MS 2001 Disease severity and pathotype dynamics of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici in Denmark. Plant Pathology 50: 181-189.

10039. Zahravi M, Banks P & Bariana HS 2003 Personal communication.

10040. Bariana et al 2004 Personal communication.

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10042. Akhunov ED, Akhunova AR, Linkiewicz AM, Dubcovsky J, Hummel D, Lazo G, Chao SM, Anderson OD, David J, Qi LL, Echalier B, Gill BS, Gustafson MJP, La Rota M, Sorrells ME, Zhang DS, Nguyen HT, Kalavacharla V, Hossain K, Kianian SF, Peng JH, Lapitan NLV, Wennerlind EJ, Nduati V, Anderson JA, Sidhu D, Gill KS, McGuire PE, Qualset CO & Dvorak J 2003 Synteny perturbations between wheat homoeologous chromosomes caused by locus duplications and deletions correlate with recombination rates. Proceedings of the National Academy Sciences USA 100: 10836-10841.

10043. Sorrells ME, La Rota M, Bermudez-Kandianis CE, Greene RA, Kantety R, Munkvold JD, Miftahudin, Mahmoud A, Ma XF, Gustafson PJ, Qi LL, Echalier B, Gill BS, Matthews DE, Lazo GR, Chao SM, Anderson OD, Edwards H, Linkiewicz AM, Dubcovsky J, Akhunov ED, Dvorak J, Zhang DS, Nguyen HT, Peng JH, Lapitan NLV, Gonzalez-Hernandez JL, Anderson JA, Hossain K, Kalavacharla V, Kianian SF, Choi DW, Close TJ, Dilbirligi M, Gill KS, Steber C, Walker-Simmons MK, McGuire PE & Qualset CO 2003 Comparative DNA sequence analysis of wheat and rice genomes. Genome Research 13: 1818-1827.

10044 Campbell BT, Baenziger PS, Gill KS, Eskridge KM, Budak H, Erayman M, Dweikat I & Yen Y 2003 Identification of QTLs and environmental interactions associated with agronomic traits on chromosome 3A of wheat. Crop Science 43: 1493-1505.

10045. Czembor PC, Arseniuk E, Czaplicki A, Song QJ, Cregan PB & Ueng PP 2003 QTL mapping of partial resistance in winter wheat to Stagonospora nodorum blotch. Genome 46: 546-554.

10046. Dudnikov AJ 2003 Allozymes and growth habit of Aegilops tauschii: genetic control and linkage patterns. Euphytica 129: 89-97.

10047. Han FP, Fedak G, Ouellet T & Liu B 2003 Rapid genomic changes in interspecific and intergeneric hybrids and allopolyploids of Triticeae. Genome 46: 716-723.

10048 Boeuf C, Prodanovic S, Gay G & Bernard M 2003 Structural organization of the group-1 chromosomes of two bread wheat sister lines. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106: 938-946

10049. Forsstrom PO, Koebner R & Merker A 2003 The conversion of wheat RFLP probes into STS markers via the single-stranded conformation polymorphism technique. Genome 46: 19-27.

10050. He P, Friebe BR, Gill BS & Zhou JM 2003 Allopolyploidy alters gene expression in the highly stable hexaploid wheat. Plant Molecular Biology 52: 401-414.

10051. Igrejas G, Leroy P, Charmet G, Gaborit T, Marion D & Branlard G 2002 Mapping QTLs for grain hardness and puroindoline content in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106: 19-27.

10052. Maleki L, Faris JD, Bowden RL, Gill BS & Fellers JP 2003 Physical and genetic mapping of wheat kinase analogs and NBS-LRR resistance gene analogs. Crop Science 43: 660-670.

10053. Devos KM, Sorrells ME, Anderson JA, Miller TE, Reader SM, Lukaszewski AJ, Dubcovsky J, Sharp PJ, Faris J & Gale MD 1999 Chromosome aberrations in wheat nullisomic-tetrasomic and ditelosomic lines. Cereal Research Communications 27: 231-239.

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10055. Prasad M, Kumar N, Kulwal PL, Roder MS, Balyan HS, Dhaliwal HS & Gupta PK 2003 QTL analysis for grain protein content using SSR markers and validation studies using NILs in bread wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106: 659-667.

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10058. Danna CH, Sacco F, Ingala LR, Saione HA & Ugalde RA 2002 Cloning and mapping of genes involved in wheat-leaf rust interaction through gene-expression analysis using chromosome-deleted near-isogenic wheat lines. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 105: 972-979

10059. Anderson GR, Papa D, Peng J, Tahir M & Lapitan N 2003 Genetic mapping of Dn7, a rye gene conferring resistance to the Russian wheat aphid in wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics (in press).

10060. Suenaga K, Singh RP, Huerta-Espino J & William HM 2003 Microsatellite markers for genes Lr34/Yr18 and other quantitative trait loci for leaf rust and stripe rust resistance in bread wheat. Phytopathology 93: 881-890.

10061. Watanabe N, Sugiyama K, Yamagishi Y & Sakata Y 2002 Comparative telosomic mapping of homoeologous genes for brittle rachis in tetraploid and hexaploid wheats. Hereditas 137: 180-185.

10062. del Blanco IA, Frohberg RC, Stack RW, Berzonsky WA & Kianian SF 2003 Detection of QTL linked to Fusarium head blight resistance in Sumai 3-derived North Dakota bread wheat lines. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106: 1027-1031

10063. Zhang W, Gianibelli MC, Ma W, Rampling L & Gale KR 2003 Identification of SNPs and development of allele-specific PCR markers for gamma-gliadin alleles in Triticum aestivum. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 107: 130-138.

10064. Yahiaoui N, Srichumpa P, Dudler R & Keller B 2004 Genome analysis at different ploidy levels allows cloning of the powdery mildew resistance Pm3b from hexaploid wheat. Plant Journal (in press).

10065. Schnurbusch T, Paillard S, Fossati D, Messmer M, Schachermayr G, Winzeler M & Keller B 2003 Detection of QTLs for Stagonospora glume blotch resistance in Swiss winter wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 107: 1226-1234.

10066. Schnurbusch T, Paillard S, Schori A, Messmer M, Schachermayr G, Winzeler M & Keller B 2003 Dissection of quantitative and durable leaf rust resistance in Swiss winter wheat reveals a major resistance QTL in the Lr34 chromosomal region. Theoretical and Applied Genetics (in press).

10067. Eriksen L, Borum F & Jahoor A 2003 Inheritance and localisation of resistance to Mycosphaerella graminicola causing septoria tritici blotch and plant height in the wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genome with DNA markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 107: 515-527.

10068. Friebe B, Zhang P, Nasuda S & Gill BS 2003 Characterisation of a knock-out mutation at the Gc2 locus in wheat. Chromosoma 111: 509-517.

10069. Gervais L, Dedryver F, Morlais JY, Bodusseau V, Negre S, Bilous M, Groos C & Trottet M 2003 Mapping of quantitative trait loci for field resistance to Fusarium head blight in an European winter wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106: 961-970.

10070. Groenewald JZ, Marais AS & Marais GF 2003 Amplified fragment length polymorphism-derived microsatellite sequence linked to the Pch1 and Ep-D1 loci in common wheat. Plant Breeding 122: 83-85.

10071. Groos C, Robert N, Bervas E & Charmet G 2003 Genetic analysis of grain protein-content, grain yield and thousand-kernel weight in bread wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106: 1032-1040.

10072 Guo PG, Bai GH & Shaner GE 2003 AFLP and STS tagging of a major QTL for Fusarium head blight resistance in wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106: 1011-1017.

10073 Helguera M, Khan IA, Kolmer J, Lijavetzky D, Zhong-qi L & Dubcovsky J 2003 PCR assays for the Lr37-Yr17-Sr38 cluster of rust resistance genes and their use to develop isogenic hard red spring wheat lines. Crop Science 43: 1839-1847.

10074. Mohler V, Hsam SLK, Zeller FJ & Wenzel G 2001. An STS marker distinguishing the rye-derived powdery mildew resistance alleles at the Pm8/Pm17 locus of common wheat. Plant Breeding 120: 448-450.

10075. Toth B, Galiba G, Feher E, Sutka J & Snape JW 2003 Mapping genes affecting flowering time and frost resistance on chromosome 5B of wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 107: 509-514.

10076. Buerstmayr H, Steiner B, Hartl L, Griesser M, Angerer N, Lengauer D, Miedaner T, Schneider B & Lemmens M 2003 Molecular mapping of QTLs for Fusarium head blight resistance in spring wheat. II. Resistance to fungal penetration and spread. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 107: 503-508.

10077. Tranquilli G, Heaton J, Chicaiza O & Dubcovsky J 2002 Substitutions and deletions of genes related to grain hardness in wheat and their effect on grain texture. Crop Science 42: 1812-1817.

10078. Meguro A, Takumi S, Ogihara Y & Murai K 2003 WAG, a wheat AGAMOUS homolog, is associated with development of pistil-like stamens in alloplasmic wheats. Sexual Plant Reproduction 15: 221-230.

10079. Vagujfalvi A, Galiba G, Cattivelli L & Dubcovsky J 2003 The cold-regulated transcriptional activator Cbf3 is linked to the frost-tolerance locus Fr-A2 on wheat chromosome 5A. Molecular Genetics and Genomics 269: 60-67.

10080. Sourdille P, Cadalen T, Guyomarc'h H, Snape JW, Perretant MR, Charmet G, Boeuf C, Bernard S & Bernard M 2003 An update of the Courtot x Chinese Spring intervarietal molecular marker linkage map for the QTL detection of agronomic traits in wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106: 530-538.

10081. Nagy ED, Eder C, Molnar-Lang M & Lelley T 2003 Genetic mapping of sequence-specific PCR-based markers on the short arm of the 1BL.1RS wheat-rye translocation. Euphytica 132: 243-250.

10082. Peng JH, Ronin Y, Fahima T, Roder MS, Li YC, Nevo E & Korol A 2003 Domestication quantitative trait loci in Triticum dicoccoides, the progenitor of wheat. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 100: 2489-2494.

10083. Francia E, Rizza F, Cattivelli L, Stanca AM, Galiba G, Tth B, Hayes PM, Skinner JS Pecchioni N 2004 Two loci on chromosome 5H determine low-temperature tolerance in a Nure (winter) X Tremois (spring) barley map. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 108: 670-680.

10084. Qin GJ, Chen PD, Gu HY, Feng YG & Niu JS 2003 Isolation of resistance gene analogs from wheat based on conserved domains of resistance genes. Acta Botanica Sinica 45: 340-345.

10085. Shen X, Zhou M, Lu W & Ohm H 2003 Detection of Fusarium head blight resistance QTL in a wheat population using bulked segregant analysis. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106: 1041-1047.

10086. Amiour N, Merlino M, Leroy P & Branlard G 2002 Proteomic analysis of amphiphilic proteins of hexaploid wheat kernels. Proteomics 2: 632-641.

10087. Amiour N, Merlino M, Leroy P & Branlard G 2003 Chromosome mapping and identification of amphiphilic proteins of hexaploid wheat kernels. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 108: 62-72.

10088. De Bustos A, Rubio P & Jouve N 2000 Molecular characterisation of the inactive allele of the gene Glu-A1 and the development of a set of AS-PCR markers for HMW glutenins of wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 100: 1085-1094

10089. Larroque OR, Gianibelli MC, Lafiandra D, Sharp P & Bks F 2003 The molecular weight distribution of the glutenin polymer as affected by the number, type and expression levels of HMW-GS. Proceedings of the 10th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, Instituto Sperimentale per la Cerealcoltura, Rome, Italy (Pogna NE, Romano N, Pogna EA & Galterio G eds.) Vol 1: 447-450.

10090. Juhsz A, Gardonyi M, Tamas L & Bedo Z 2003 Characterisation of the promoter region of Glu-1Bx7 gene from overexpressing lines of an old Hungarian wheat variety. Proceedings of the 10th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, Instituto Sperimentale per la Cerealcoltura, Rome, Italy (Pogna NE, Romano N, Pogna EA & Galterio G eds.) Vol 3: 1348-1350.

10091. Wang Tao (personal communication).

10092. Smith RL, Schweder ME & Barnett RD 1994 Identification of glutenin alleles in wheat and triticale using PCR-generated DNA markers. Crop Science 34: 1373-1378.

10093. Radovanovic N & Cloutier S 2003 Gene-assisted selection for high molecular weight glutenin subunits in wheat doubled haploid breeding programs. Molecular Breeding 12: 51-59.

10094. De Bustos A & Jouve N 2003 Characterisation and analysis of new HMW-glutenin alleles encoded by the Glu-R1 locus of Secale cereale. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 107: 74-83.

10095. Anderson OD, Larka L, Christoffers MJ, McCue KF & Gustafson JP 2002 Comparison of orthologous and paralogous DNA flanking the wheat high-molecular-weight glutenin genes: sequence conservation and divergence, transposon distribution, and matrix-attachment regions. Genome 45: 367-380.

10096. Yan GP, Chen XM, Line RF, & Wellings CR 2003 Resistance gene-analog polymorphism markers co-segregating with the Yr5 gene for resistance to wheat stripe rust. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106: 636-643.

10097 Chen X, Soria MA, Yan G, Sun J & Dubcovsky J 2003. Development of user-friendly PCR markers for wheat stripe rust resistance gene Yr5. Crop Science 43: 2058-2064.

10098. Yan L, Echenique V, Busso C, SanMiguel P, Ramakrishna W, Bennetzen JL, Harrington S & Dubcovsky J 2002 Cereal genes similar to SNF2 define a new subfamily that includes human and mouse genes. Molecular Genetics and Genomics 268: 488-499.

10099. Pozniak CJ & Hucl PJ 2004 Genetic analysis of imidazolinone resistance in mutation-derived lines of common wheat. Crop Science 44: 23-30.

10100. Newhouse K, Smith W, Starrett M, Schafer T & Singh BK 1992 Tolerance to imidazolinone herbicides in wheat. Plant Physiology 100: 882-886.

10101. Pozniak CJ, Birk IT, O'Donoughue LS, Menard C, Hucl PJ & Singh BK 2004 Physiological and molecular characterization of mutation-derived Imidazolinone resistance in spring wheat. Crop Science 44: In press.

10102. Pozniak CJ & Hucl PJ 2003 Characterization of imidazolinone resistance in Triticum monococcum L. Proceedings 10th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, Instituto Sperimentale per la Cerealcoltura, Rome, Italy (Pogna NE, Romano N, Pogna EA & Galterio G eds.) Vol 2: 902-904.

10103. Nomura T, Ishihara A, Ohkawa H, Endo TR & Iwamura H 2003 Evolutionary diversity of the genes for the biosynthesis of benzoxinones in Triticeae. Proceedings 10th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, Instituto Sperimentale per la Cerealcoltura, Rome, Italy (Pogna NE, Romano N, Pogna EA & Galterio G eds.) Vol 2: 500-502.

10104. Knox RE, Clarke JM, Houshmand S & Clarke FR 2003 Proceedings 10th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, Instituto Sperimentale per la Cerealcoltura, Rome, Italy (Pogna NE, Romano N, Pogna EA & Galterio G eds.) Vol 3: 977-979.

10105. Adhikari TB, Wallwork H & Goodwin SB 2004 Microsatellite markers linked to the Stb2 and Stb3 genes for resistance to Septoria tritici blotch. Manuscript.

10106. Adhikari TB, Cavaletto JR, Dubcovsky J, Gieco J, Schlatter AR & Goodwin SB 2004 Molecular mapping of the Stb4 gene for resistance to septoria leaf blotch in wheat. Manuscript

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