V. CATALOGUE OF GENE SYMBOLS FOR WHEAT: 2006 Supplement.

R.A. McIntosh 1, K.M. Devos 2, J. Dubcovsky 3, W.J. Rogers 4, C.F. Morris 5, R. Appels 6, and O.D. Anderson 7.

1 Plant Breeding Institute, The University of Sydney Plant Breeding Institute Cobbitty, Private Bag 11, Camden, N.S.W. 2570, Australia. bobm@camden.usyd.edu.au
2 Departments of Crop and Soil Sciences, and Plant Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, U.S.A. kdevos@uga.edu
3 Department of Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, U.S.A. jdubcovsky@ucdavis.edu
4 Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, C.C. 47, (7300) Azul, and Researcher of CONICET, Argentina. rogers@faa.unicen.edu.ar
5 USDA-ARS Western Wheat Laboratory, Pullman, WA 99164-6394, U.S.A. morrisc@wsu.edu
6 W.A. Department of Agriculture & Molecular Plant Breeding Research Centre, Biological Sciences, Murdoch University, Locked Bag 4, Bentley Delivery Centre, Perth, W.A. 6983, Australia. rappels@agric.wa.gov.au
7USDA-ARS 800 Buchanan St., Albany, CA 94710, U.S.A. oandersn@pw.usda

The most recent edition of the Catalogue, produced and presented at the 10th International Wheat Genetics Symposium is available on CD. MacGene was produced by Y. Yamazaki (yyamazak@lab.nig.ac.jp) in collaboration with R.A. McIntosh. The Catalogue and the 2004 Supplement are displayed on the GrainGenes Website: http://wheat.pw.usda.gov.


2006 Supplement

Revisions.

INTRODUCTION
Recommended Rules

9. Laboratory Designators for DNA markers

 fcc
 (Fargo cereal crops unit - for QTL)

Faris, Justin D.
USDA-ARS Cereal Crops Research Unit
Northern Crop Science Laboratory
Agricultural Research Center
Fargo, ND 58105
USA
farisj@fargo.ars.usda.gov
 fcg

 (Fargo cereal crops genomic DNA - for genomic DNA clones)

Faris, Justin D.
USDA-ARS Cereal Crops Research Unit
Northern Crop Science Laboratory
Agricultural Research Center
Fargo, ND 58105
USA
farisj@fargo.ars.usda.gov

 fcp

 (Fargo cereal crops PCR - for PCR markers)

Faris, Justin D.
USDA-ARS Cereal Crops Research Unit
Northern Crop Science Laboratory
Agricultural Research Center
Fargo, ND 58105
USA
farisj@fargo.ars.usda.gov

 fcu

  (Fargo cereal crops cDNA - for cDNA clones)

Faris, Justin D.
USDA-ARS Cereal Crops Research Unit
Northern Crop Science Laboratory
Agricultural Research Center
Fargo, ND 58105
USA
farisj@fargo.ars.usda.gov

 unlp
 Castro, A.M.
Genetics
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
UNLP
CC31, 1900-La Plata
Argentina


Gene Symbol
Almt. Malate transporter (GeneBank AB081803).
Lv1. Loaf volume.
Vrt-2. Mads-box (GenBank DQ022679) {10294}.
amcastro@isis.unlp.edu.ar



DNA Markers

A number of previously unlisted chromosome 6A Xgwm markers (719 and above) are given in {0604}.

Group 5L

 Add:  XPhyC-5A,B,D {10289}.    PCCF2/PCCR1 clone.
 The analysis of seven SNPs, of the differential presence of a MITE, and of a 12-bp deletion in the PhyC-5A locus in 81 wheat cultivars is described in {10288}.

 

Morphological and Physiological Traits

1. Gross Morphology

Line 6. Change to: 4. Spelt and macha wheat q c S-D1a or q C S-D1a v: Spelt and macha groups (including vavilovi).

1.3. Sphaerococcum

S-D1b. v: T. antiquorum K-56397 & K-56398 {10234}.

 

4. Aluminium Tolerance

Alt2.
Add at end of section: Malate transporter Almt-D1 gene (GeneBank AB081803) is completely linked to aluminum tolerance in chromosome arm 4DL between SSR markers Xwmc48b and Xwmc331 in a similar region to Alt2 {10285}. Almt1 transgenic expression in barley conferred an Al-activated efflux of malate with properties sililar to those of Al-tolerant wheat {10285}.

QTL: Atlas 66 / Century: A QTL in the region Xdgm125-4DL - Xwmc331-4DL accounted for nearly 50 % of the phenotypic variation in root growth rate in hydroponic solution {10265}. An Al-activated malate transporter (LMT1) was earlier mapped to the same location {10266}.

 

5.3. Red/purple coleoptiles

Add to the end of the section:
The Rc gene appears to encode a transcription activator of late biosynthesis genes involved in the light regulation of anthocyanin synthesis (studies carried out on CS (Hope 7A) substitution line) {10317}.

 

9. Brittle Rachis (revised section)

Insert note: Brittle rachis in T. turgidum subsp. durum was defined as a spike that disarticulated when the tip was bent by 45° relative to the peduncle {10242}.

Br-A1. [. . . , Br-A2 {10280}. it: ANW10A = LD222*7 / LDN-DIC DS 3A {10242}.

ma: Xgwm2-3A - 3 cM - Br-A1 - 8 cM - Xgwm666-3A.1 / Xbarc356-3A / Xbarc19-3A / Xgwm674-3A / Xcfa2164-3A {10280}.


Br-B1. [. . . , Br-A3 {10280}. it: ANW10B = LD222*7 / LDN-DIC DS 3B {10242}.

ma: Xbarc218-3B - 22 cM - Br-B1 - 2 cM - Xwmc-3B {10280}.

tv: Senatore Cappelle PI 242646 {10242}; Sammartinara {10242}; others {10242}.

The presence of Br-B1 in some durums apparently does not lead to significant shattering under conditions of Mediterranean agriculture {10242}.

Br-D1. dv: Ae. tauschii KU2126 10227}.

ma: In Ae. tauschii: Brt - 19.7 cM - Xgdm72-3D {10227}.

 

17. Dormancy

Continue section: 'In cross Zen /CS': Insert as the second sentence: 'QPhs.ocs.3A-1 was localized to a 4.6 cM interval flanked by Xbarc310-3A and Xbcd907-3A {10245}.'

Add at end: Qphs.ocs-4A.1 may be the same as a QTL in AC Domain / Haruyutaka due to tight linkage with Xcdo785-4A {10245}.

QPhs.ocs. 4B.1, a CS allele contributing to dormancy, was located in the region of Xgwm495-4B {10245}.
In cross SPR 8198 (dormant) / HD2329, QPhs.occsu-3A was located in the Xgwm155-3A - Xwmc153-3A region with R2 = 75 % across six environments (10261).

QTL analyses in several crosses {10275} indicated a common region in chromosome 4A associated with dormancy; dormant genotypes included AUS1408, SW95-50213, and Halberd. The location was consistent with Japanese and U.K. work even though different flanking markers were involved.

 

19. Earliness per se

Eps-1Am. Add to: ma: {0364}, within a 0.9-cM region within the VAtpC - Smp region {10246}.

QTL: Add: 'QEet.fcu.5AL identified in Xfcp359-5A - Xfcp231-5A interval (R2 = 0.38), at or near the Q locus in Grandin / BR34 {10256}. Grandin was the earlier parent.

 

20. Flowering time

Add at end of section:
Heading date QTL: CI 13227 / Suwon 92 RIL population: AFLP marker - 2.6 cM - QHd.pser-2DS - 121.1 cM - Xgwm261-2D {10269}. This QTL could be Ppd-D1{10269}.

Karl 92*2 / TA 4152-4 F2:F4 population: Two QTL, QHd.ksu-2D, associated with Xgwm261-2D (R2 = 0.17), and QHd.ksu-3D, associated with Xgwm161-2D 9 (R2) {10273}.

 

23. Frost Resistance

Fr-A2. ma: Insert the following sentence as the third sentence in the existing text: Eleven different Cbf transcription factors were identified at the Fr-A2 locus {10302}.

 

24. Gametocidal Genes

24.1. Gametocidal activity

Sd1. ma: Proximal to Lr19 and distal to Xpsr165-7D {10255}.

Sd2. Add note following the entry. 'Zhang et al. {10255} question the existence of this gene and alternatively suggest a duplication or deletion event influencing the transmission.'

 

26.2. Epistatic inhibitors of glaucousness

Iw2. ma: In Ae. tauschii: Iw2 - 30.1 cM - Xgdm35-2DS {10227}.

 

28. Grain Hardness / Endosperm Texture

Insert before the paragraph 'Using proteomic analysis.': Two QTL, QHa.ksu-3B, associated with Xksum9-3B (R2 = 0.09, and QHa.ksu-5D(Ha), associated with Xcfd-5D (R2 = 0.3), were identified in Karl*2 / TA 4152-4 {10273}.

 

29. Grain Quality parameters

29.7. Starch characteristics

Insert as the first sentence: The Isoamylase-1 gene from Ae. tauschii (Iso-1) complements the deficient rice sugary-1 mutant line {10295}.

 

29.8. Loaf volume

Lvl1 [{10312}]. Lvl 1 {10312}. 3A {10312}. v: Cappelle Desprez*7 / Bezostaya 1 3A {10312}.

ma: Xgwm720-3A - Lvl1 appeared to be located in the Xgwm2-3A - Xgwm720-3A region {10312}.



29.9 Dough rheological properties

QTL: In a Cranbrook / Halberd DH population, environmental factors were a major determinant of dough extensibility, whereas additive effects of alleles at the high and low molecular weight glutenin loci determined dough strength {10247}.

 

New Section: Growth rate and Early Vigour

QTL analyses in Ae. tauschii: chromosomes 1D, 4D, and 7D carried QTL for relative growth rate, biomass allocation, specific leaf area, leaf area ratio, and unit leaf rate. Chromosome 2D had QTL for rate and duration of leaf elongation, cell production rate, and cell length. Chromosome 5D harbored QTL for total leaf mass and area, number, and growth rate of leaves and tillers {10293}.

 

39. Height

39.2. Reduced height: GA sensitive

Rht4. 2BL {10249}. ma: Associated with Xwmc317-2B {10249}.

Rht5. 3BS {10249}. ma: Approximately 10cM from Xbarc102-3B {10249}.

Rht8. v: Chuan Mai 18 {10249}.

ma: Close linkage with Xwmc-2D {10249}. A survey of Chinese cultivars showed 13 alleles of Xgwm261-2D {10284}.

Rht9. Add: . . . , 5AL {10249} v: Mercia 12 {10249}.

ma: Close linkage with Xwmc410-4A {10249}.

Rht13. Add: . . . , 7BS ma: Associated with Xwms577-7B {10249}.

 

39.3 Reduced height: QTL

QHt.fcu-4BL {10256}. ma: Associated with Xbarc125-4B (R2 = 0.57) {10256}. Reduced height allele in Grandin {10256}.

Qht.fcu-6AS {10256}. ma: Associated with Xbarc23-6A - Xcp201-6A (R2 = 0.07) {10256}. Reduced height allele in BR34 {10256}.

QHt.crc-4B {10287}. 4B {10287}. ma: Linked to Rht-B1 (LOD 7.7) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}. Associated with QTL for lodging and 1,000-kernel weight.

QHt.crc-4D {10287}. 4D {10287}. ma: Linked to Rht-D1 (LOD 30.9) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}. Associated with QTL for lodging, 1,000-kernel weight, yield, height, and test weight.

QHt.crc-2D {10287}. 2D {10287}. ma: Linked to BE497718-260 (LOD 4.2) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QHt.crc-5B {10287}.5B {10287}. ma: Linked to Xwmc640-5B (LOD 6.1) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QHt.crc-7A {10287}. 7A {10287}. ma: Linked to i (LOD 3.3) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QHt.crc-7B {10287}. 7B {10287}. ma: Linked to Xgwm333-7B (LOD 3.3) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

 

45. Leaf Tip Necrosis

Add to existing entry for Ltn.

Ltn1 {10281}. [Ltn {1361}]. v2: Parula Ltn2 {10281}.

ma: Associated with Xgwm295-7D and Xgwm130-7D {10218}.

Ltn2 {10281}. v: 1B {10281}. Wheats with Yr29/Lr46 {10281}. See Yr29, Lr46.

v2: Parula Ltn1 {10281}.

ma: Xwmc44-1B - 1.4 cM - Xbac24prot - 9.5 cM - Ltn2 - 2.9 cM - Xbac17R . . . Xgwm140-1B {10281}. Xgwmc441B - 3.6 cM - Ltn2 - 2.1 cM - XtG818/XBac17R . . . Xgwm140-1B {10281}.

According to Messmer et al. {0031} LTN may be caused by several QTL and is affected by genetic background and environment.

 

46. Lodging

QLd.crc-3D {10287}. 3D {10287}. ma: Linked to Xgwm191-3D (LOD 3.7) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

 

New Section: Maturity time

QTL:
QMat.crc-3B
{10287}. 3B {10287}. ma: Linked to Xwmc231-3B (LOD 3.0) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QMat.crc-4A {10287}. 4A {10287}. ma: Linked to Wx-B1 (LOD 6.1) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QMat.crc-7D {10287}. 7D {10287}. ma: Linked to Xgwm130-7D (LOD 17.5) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.



50. Meiotic Characters

50.2. Pairing homoeologous

Add note at end of Ph1 section: A complex Ph1 candidate structure comprising at least one 5B-specfic member of the cdc2 complex multigenic cluster (involved in chromosome condensation), a unique repeat structure with similarities to repeats on chromosome 3B, and a heterochromatic sub-telomeric insertion from chromosome 3AL was identified {10240}.

 

56. Polyphenol Oxidase (PPO) Activity

Add after the first paragraph: STS marker PPO18 based on a polyphenol oxidase (PPO) gene (GenBank AY596268) was closely linked to SSR markers Xgwm312 and Xgwm294 on chromosome arm 2AL. PPO18 explained 28-43 % of the variation in PPO activity in the cross Zhongyou 9507 / CA9632 {10290}.

 

58. Red Grain Colour

R-B1. ma: Xwmc29-3B - 5 cM - R-B1 - 5 cM - Xbarc-3B {10280}.

 

53. Response to Vernalization

Replace the existing material in this section with the following:

Vrn-1 {1398}. [Synonymous with TaVRT-1 {10019}]. Orthologous series in long arms of chromosomes of homoeologous group 5. Vrn-1 is a MADS-box gene similar to Arabidopsis APETALA1 {10014}. Spring types are associated with mutations in the promoter or the first intron {10014,10198,10202,10288}. Reduction of Vrn-1 transcripts in transgenic hexaploid spring wheat delays flowering {10300}.

Vrn-2 {1398}. Orthologous series in chromosomes of homoeologous group 4. Vrn-Am2 was located in T. monococcum subsp. monococcum {279} on chromosome 5Am on the 4Am translocated region. Vrn-Am2 was mapped to the distally located Xwg114-5A - Xwec87-5A region {0312}. Vrn-H2 (sh/sgh1) occurs in barley chromosome 4H {1455} and is probably orthologous to Vrn-Am2 based on comparative maps {279,767}.Vrn-2 is a zinc-finger / CCT domain transcription factor (ZCCT1) {10299} and repressor of flowering down-regulated by vernalization and short days {10301}. Reduction of Vrn-2 transcripts in transgenic hexaploid winter wheat accelerates flowering {10299}.

Vrn-A2a {279}. Winter habit, dominant in diploid wheat {279}. dv: G1777 {279}; G3116 {279}.

Vrn-A2b {279}. Spring habit, recessive in diploid wheat. dv: DV92 {279}, PI355517, PI345242, PI352475, PI277137 {10299}.

Contains a nonfunctional mutation in the CCT domain {10299}.

Vrn-A2c {10299}. Spring habit, recessive in diploid wheat. dv: PI352484, PI323437, PI286068, PI591871, PI542474, PI428175, PI237659, PI221329, PI225164, PI377662, PI377648, PI362610 {10299}.

Complete deletion of the ZCCT1 gene {10299}.

 

64. Restorers for Cytoplasmic Male Sterility

64.1. Restorers for T. timopheevii subsp. timopheevii cytoplasm

Rf3. Add: v: R18 {10222}; R9034 {10222}.

ma: Mapped as a QTL in the region Xbarc207-1BS - Xgwm131-1BL - Xbarc61-1BL in crosses R18 / ND36 and R9034 / ND36 {10222}.

Add note at end of section: Minor restorer effects were associated with Xbarc330-5A in R18 and Xgdm130-7D in R9034 {10222}. The relationships of these QTL with previously located restorers in chromosomes 5A {860} and 7D (Rf2) are unknown.

 

67. Segregation Distortion

Add introductory note: 'See also, 24. Gametocidal Genes'

 

69. Stem Solidness

Insert introductory statement: Solid stem, caused by increased pith in normally hollow stem regions, is associated with resistance to wheat stem sawfly, Cephus cinctus.

 

72. Tiller Inhibition

tin1. 1A {10193}. v: Banks + tin {10193}; Oligoculm 390 {10193}; Uniculm 492 {10193}.

ma: Xpsp2999(Glu3)-1A- - 3.9 cM - tin1/Xgwm136-1A - 2.4 cM - Xwhs179-1A {10193}; the 350-bp allele of Xgwm136-1A was diagnostic of tin1 {10193}.

 

69. Stem solidness

Qsst.msub-3BL {10206}. 3BL{10206}. v: Rampart PI 593889 {10306}.

ma: Linked to microsatellite markers Xgwm247-3B, Xgwm340-3B, and Xgwm547-3B. These markers explained 76 % of the total variation for stem solidness in Rampart / Jerry {10206}.

 

72. Tiller Inhibition

At end of section add note: A QTL of large effect on spike number per plant in a DH population of Fukuho-Komugi / Oligoculm mapping to the Hg - Xpsp2999(Glu3)-1A region {10218} probably corresponds to Tin1.

 

75. Yield Components

75.1. Grain weight

75.1.2. 1,000-grain weight

QGwt.crc-3D {10287}. 3D {10287}. ma: Linked to Xgwm341-3D - Xwmc552-3D (LOD 4.3) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QGwt.crc-4A {10287}. 4A {10287}. ma: Linked to Xgwm494 - Xgwm162 (LOD 6.7) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QGwt.crc-6D {10287}. 6D {10287}. ma: Linked to Xgwm325-6D - Xgwm55-6D (LOD 3.9) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

 

5.1.3. Test weight (New subsection)


QTL:

QTwt.crc-1B {10287}. 1B {10287}. ma: Linked to Xgwm374.1-1B (LOD 3.9) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QTwt.crc-1D {10287}. 1D {10287}. ma: Linked to Xgdm126-1D (LOD 5.8) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QTwt.crc-2D {10287}. 2D {10287}. ma: Linked to Xgwm349-2D - Xbarc59-2D (LOD 5.2) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QTwt.crc-3B {10287}. 3B {10287}. ma: Linked to Xwmc635-3B - Xbarc164-3B (LOD 15.4) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QTwt.crc-3D {10287}. 3D {10287}. ma: Linked to Xbarc71-3D (LOD 5.2) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QTwt.crc-5D {10287}. 5D {10287}. ma: Linked to Xgdm63-5D - Xwmc765-5D (LOD 5.3) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

 

75.4. Grain yield

QYld.crc-2B {10287}. 2B {10287}. ma: Linked to Xgwm257-2B (LOD 9.4) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QYld.crc-4A {10287}. 4A {10287}. ma: Linked to Xgwm130-4A (LOD 4.4) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

QYld.crc-2A {10287}. 2A {10287}. ma: Linked to Xgwm339-2A (LOD 3.0) in RL4452 / AC Domain {10287}.

 

77. Proteins

77.1. Grain protein content

Insert following entry Pro2:

Gpc-B1b {10296}. QGpc.ndsu-6Bb {632,0071}, Gpc-6B1 {10229}. 6BS. ma: Mapped to a 0.3 cM interval flanked by Xucw79-6B and Xucw71-6B {10229}. Xcdo365-6B - 1.5 cM - Gpc-B1 - 1.2 cM - Xucw67-6B {10296}. A high-throughput codominant marker, Xuhw89-6B, was then mapped less than 0.1 cM from Gpc-B1 {10297}.

Gpc-B1 affects senescence and maturity in addition to grain protein content with Gpc-B1b from T. turdigum subsp. dicoccoides accelerating senescence and maturity {10298}.

 

77.2 Enzymes

77.2.1. Acid phosphatase

Acph-D2 [{10309}]. Acph1{10309}. 2DL {10309}.

dv: Acph-D2100 and Acph-D295 alleles distinguished accessions of Ae. tauschii ssp. tauschii and strangulata, respectively {10309}.

ma: Cent . . . Acph-D2 - 4 cM - Xgwm157-2D {10309}.

77.2.11. Lipoxygenase

Replace with the following: The wheat Lpx-1 gene in wheat corresponds to barley LoxA (GenBank L35931). The Lpx-B1 locus is duplicated, with the Lpx-B1.1 and Lpx-B1.2 loci corresponding to GenBank sequences DQ474240 and DQ474241, respectively. The Lpx-B1b allele corresponds to a deletion associated with a 4.5-fold reduction in lipoxygenase activity. The Lpx-2 gene in wheat corresponds to the barley LoxC gene (GenBank L37358), whereas the Lpx-3 gene in wheat corresponds to the barley LoxB gene (GenBank L37359).

Lpx-A1 {516}. [Lpx-B1 {516}]. 4AL{516}. v: CS {516}.

ma: Xksu919(Lpx-1)-4A {0091}.

Lpx-B1 {516}. [Lpx-A1 {516}]. 4BS{516}. v: CS {516}.

ma: Xcn110(Lpx-1)-4B {0269,0367}.

Lpx-B1a {1533}. [Lpx-A1a {936}]. v: CS.

Lpx-B1b {1533}. [Lpx-A1b {936}]. v: Bosanka{1533}.


Lpx-B1.1 {10303}. 4BS {10303}. ma: Xksm62-4B - 8 cM - Lpx-B1.1 - 13 cM - Xwmc617b-4B {10303}.

Lpx-B1.1a {10303}. tv: UC1113 {10303}.

Lpx-B1.1b {10303}. tv: Kofa, deletion {10303}.

Lpx-B1.2 {10303}. 4B {10303}. v: CS.

Lpx-D1 {516}. 4DS {516}. v: CS.

Lpx-E1 {518}. 4ES {518}. ad: CS/E. elongata.

Lpx-H1 {716}. 4H {716}. ad: CS/Betzes.

Lpx-A2 {516}. 5AL {516,10303}. v: CS.

ma: Xksu919(Lpx-2)-5A {0091}.

Lpx-B2 {516}. 5BL {516,10303}. v: CS.

ma: Xksu919(Lpx-2)-5B{0091}; Xcn111(Lpx-2)-5B {0269}.

Lpx-D2 {516}. 5DL {516}. v: CS.

Lpx-E2 {518}. 5EL {518}. ad: CS/E. elongata.

Lpx-H2 {716}. 5H {716}. ad: CS/Betzes.

Lpx-Ss2 {1140}. 5Ss {1140}. ad: CS/Ae. searsii.

Lpx-V2 {242}. 5V. ad: CS/D. villosum.

Lpx-A3 {10303}. 4AL {10303}. tv: UC1113 (GenBank DQ474244) and Kofa (GenBank DQ474242) {10303}.

ma: Xwmc617a-4A - 10 cM - Lpx-A3 - 15 cM - Xgwm192b-4A {10303}.

Lpx-B3{10303}. 4B {10303}. tv: UC1113 and Kofa (GenBank DQ474243) {10303}.

 

77.2.32 Phytoene synthase

Phytoene synthase, which condenses two molecules of geranyl geranyl diphosphate to produce phytoene, is the first of specific enzyme necessary for carotene biosynthesis in plants.

 

77.2.32.1 Phytoene synthase 1 (E.C. 2.5.1.32)

Homology with the same gene in rice (Psy1) {10230}.

Psy1-A1 {10230}. 7A {10230}. tv: Kofa {10230}.

Psy1-B1 {10230}. 7B {10230}. tv: Kofa {10230}.

 

77.2.32.2 Phytoene synthase 2 (E.C. 2.5.1.32)

Homology with the same gene in rice (Psy2) {10230}.

Psy2-A1 {10230}. 5A {10230}. tv: Kofa {10230}.

Psy2-B1 {10230}. 5B {10230}. tv: Kofa {10230}.

 

77.2.33 Isoamylase 1

Iso-1 [{10295}]. ISA-1 {10295}]. dv: Ae. tauschii {10295}.

 

Endosperm Storage Proteins

77.3.1.1 Glu-1

Glu-A1

Add:
Glu-A1w {10327}. 2.1* {10327}. v: KU-1094, KU-1026, KU-1086, Grado, KU-1139 {10327}.

Glu-A1x [{10327}]. 2' {10327}. v: TRI14165/91 {10327}.

 

Glu-B1

Add:

Glu-B1bh {10327}. 13+22* {10327}. v: KU-1094, KU-1026, KU-1086, Grado, KU-1139 {10327}.

Glu-B1bi {10327}. 13+22.1 {10327}. v: KU-1135 {10327}.

Glu-B1bj {10327}. 14*+15* {10327}. v: TRI11553/92 {10327}.

Glu-B1bk {10327}. [Glu-B1be {10327}]. 6.1+22.1 {10327}. v: Steiners Roter Tiroler, Hercule, Schwabenkorn, SP3, Rouguin {10327}.

Glu-B1bl {10327}. [Glu-B1bf {10327}]. 6.1 {10327}. v: KU-3418, KU-3446, TRI4613/75 {10327}.

Glu-B1bm {10327}. [Glu-B1bg {10327}]. 13*+19* {10327}. v: Rechenbergs Früher Dinkel, Renval, Zeiners Weißer Schlegel, KU-3410, TRI9885/74, SP1 {10327}.

Add to the end of the section: Although alleles Glu-B1i encoding subunits 17+18, and Glu-B1bc encoding subunits 6+17, apparently share a common subunit (Ax17 and By17, respectively), it is not clear that this is in fact true.
Primers were designed to distinguish subunit By8 from By8*, for distinguishing subunit By9-containing alleles from non-By9 alleles, and for diagnosing the presence of Glu-B1f.

 

Glu-D1

Add:

Glu-D1bp {10327}. 2.1'+12 {10327}. v: KU-1034 {10327}.

Glu-D1bq. [Glu-D1bp(t) {10304}]. 2.6+12 {10304}. v: Jinbaojin, Hongkedongmai, Hongdongmai, Baidongmai {10304}.

At the end of the section for Glu-D1 add: The complete sequence of this subunit was determined {10319}.

 

Glu-A1-1

Add:

Glu-A1v {10327}. 2.1* {10327}. v: KU-1094, KU-1026, KU-1086, Grado, KU-1139 {10327}.

Glu-A1w [{10327}]. 2' {10327}. v: TRI14165/91 {10327}.

 

Glu-B1-1

Add:

Glu-B1-1ae {10327}. 14* {10327}. v: TRI11553/92 {10327}.

Glu-B1-1af {10327}. 6.1 {10327}. v: Steiners Roter Tiroler, Hercule, Schwabenkorn, SP3, Rouguin, KU-3418, KU-3446, TRI4613/75 {10327}.

Glu-B1-2

Add:

Glu-B1-2ac {10327}. 22* {10327}. v: KU-1094, KU-1026, KU-1086, Grado, KU-1139 {10327}.

Glu-B1-2ad {10327}. 22.1 {10327}. v: KU-1135, Steiners Roter Tiroler, Hercule, Schwabenkorn, SP3, Rouguin {10327}.

Glu-B1-2ae {10327}. 15* {10327}. v: TRI11553/92 {10327}.

Glu-B1-2af {10327}. 19* {10327}. v: Rechenbergs Früher Dinkel, Renval, Zeiners Weißer Schlegel, KU-3410, TRI9885/74, SP1 {10327}.

 

Glu-D1-1

Glu-D1-1l. Replace the entry that currently reads: 'Glu-D1-1l{1578}. 1.5{1578}. dv: Ae. tauschii' with:

Glu-D1-1l {1578}. 1.5{1578}, Dtx1.5 {10306}. dv: Ae. tauschii accession SQ-214{10306}.

A restriction enzyme based method named the 'restricted deletion method' was used to characterize the ORF of this subunit {10306} (as in the case of subunit Dty10 encoded by Glu-D1-2u {10306}. Allele-specific PCR markers were developed based upon SNPs located at the non-repetitive N-terminal {10320}.

Add:

Glu-D1-1t [{10304}]. 2.6 {10304}. v: Jinbaojin, Hongkedongmai, Hongdongmai, Baidongmai {10305}.

Glu-D1-1u [{10327}]. 2.1'{10327}. v: KU-1034 {10327}.

Glu-D1-2

Add:

Glu-D1-2u [{10306}]. Dty10 {10306}. dv: Ae. tauschii accession SQ-214{10306}.

A restriction enzyme based method named the 'restricted deletion method' was used to characterize the ORF of this subunit {10306} (as in the case of subunit 1.5 (or Dtx1.5 {10306}) encoded by Glu-D1-1l {10306}. This subunit was first recognized as being different from subunit 10 encoded by Glu-D1-2b in hexaploid wheat in {10307}.

 

77.3.1.2. Glu-2

Glu-B2

Add:

Glu-B2c {10215}. 12* {10215}. tv: Alcala la Real {10215}.

 

77.3.1.3 Glu-3

Add at end of the preamble:

A novel storage protein gene with chimerical structure was isolated from the old Hungarian cultivar Bánkúti 1201, containing gamma-gliadin sequences in the 5' region, LMW-glutenin sequences in the 3' region, and a frameshift mutation leading to a completely new polypeptide in the C-terminal region. A further seven recombinant prolamin genes were subsequently isolated. The eight genes, designated Ch1 to Ch8, seem to derive from four gamma-gliadin and three LMW-glutenin sequences and are probably the result of crossing over between the loci Gli-1 and Glu-3. However, the precise recombinational mechanism that gave rise to them has yet to be elucidated {10307}.

Glu-A3

Add:

Glu-A3q {10215}. [Glu-A3i {10215}]. 5+20 {10215}. tv: Fanfarron {10215}.

 

Glu-B3

Add:

Glu-B3aa {10215}. [Glu-B3l {10215}]. 1+3+13*+16 {10215}. tv: Blancal de Nules{10215}.

 

77.3.2. Gliadins


Add to the end of the preamble:

A novel storage protein gene with chimerical structure was isolated from the old Hungarian cultivar Bánkúti 1201, containing gamma-gliadin sequences in the 5' region, LMW-glutenin sequences in the 3' region, and a frameshift mutation leading to a completely new polypeptide in the C-terminal region. A further seven recombinant prolamin genes were subsequently isolated. The eight genes, designated Ch1 to Ch8, seem to derive from four gamma-gliadin and three LMW-glutenin sequences and are probably the result of crossing over between the loci Gli-1 and Glu-3. However, the precise recombinational mechanism that gave rise to them has yet to be elucidated {10307}.

Transcriptome analysis showed the presence of proteins called avenin-like a and b. The former contained a duplicated sequence of about 120 residues and corresponded to the LMW-gliadins. The latter were not previously characterized, but may form part of the glutenin fraction and, hence, influence quality. These avenin-like proteins showed higher expression levels in three Aegilops species (Ae. caudata, Ae. cylindrica, and Ae. tauschii) than in common wheat {10321}.'

 

77.3.3. Other endosperm storage proteins

Before the preamble add the subheading:

'77.3.3.1. Triticin proteins'

Replace the preamble with:

'The triticin proteins {1360} or [Triplet proteins {1357}] are storage globulins with homology to pea legumins and related proteins in oats, rice, and several dicotyledonous species {1360}. Triticin gene segments including its hypervariable region were PCR-amplified, with preferential amplification of Tri-D1 for the only pair of primers giving consistent results {10322}.

 

77.4.4. Inhibitors (dimeric) of heterologous alpha-amylases

Add to the end of the preamble:

'Three genome allele specific primer sets were designed for the 3BS and 3DS a-amylase inhibitors in cultivar Chinese Spring, based upon SNPs. Their validity was confirmed in 15 accessions of T. urartu, T. monococcum subsp. monococcum, Ae. tauschii, and T. turgidum subsp. dicoccoides. The results offered support that the 24 kDa dimeric alpha-amylase inhibitors in cultivated wheat are encoded by a multigene family {10323}, previously proposed, as the result of phylogenetic analysis of sequences characterised by cSNPs, in {10324}.'

 

77.5.6 Waxy proteins

Add after the Wx-B1b entry:

'An ELISA-based method was developed for distinguishing wheat lines carrying this null allele {10325}.'

 

77.5.8. Puroindolines and grain softness protein

Changes:

Under Pina-D1a

Delete dv: 'TA1583 (GenBank AY252029) Pinb-D1a, Gsp-D1b{03105}'

Under Pina-D1c

Delete dv: 'TA2536 (GenBank AY251998) Pinb-D1i, Gsp-D1d{03105}'

Under Pina-D1d

Change: GenBank 'AY251963' to 'AY252012'; change 'AY251948' to 'AY251996'; add to dv: 'TA2536 (GenBank AY252043){03105}'.

Under Pina-S1

Add after TA2368 '(GenBank AY622787)'; add after TA1789 '(GenBank AY622788)', add after TA1777 '(GenBank AY622789)'.

Under Pina-Ssh1

Add after TA1999 '(GenBank AY622796)'.

Under Pina-Sl1

Add after TA1912 ,(GenBank AY622790)'; add after TA1921 '(GenBank AY622791)'.

Under Pina-Ss1

Add after TA1355 '(GenBank AY622792)'.

Under Pina-Am1

Add after TA2026 '(GenBank AY622786)'; add after TA2037 '(GenBank AJ242715)'; add after TA581 '(GenBank AY622786)'.

Add new allele after Pina-D1n:

Pina-D1o{10311}. dv: Ae. tauschii RM0182 (GenBank AY608595) {10311}.

Pina-D1p {10316}. v: T. aestivum Jing771 (GenBank AY599893) {10316}.

 

Pinb:

Make the following changes to current entries:

Under Pinb-D1h

After TA2369 add '(GenBank AY251983)'; after TA2527 add '(GenBank AY251965)'; after TA1649 add '(GenBank AY251963)'.

Under Pinb-D1i

After TA2436 add '(GenBank AY251947)'.

Under Pinb-D1j

After TA1559 add '(GenBank AY251962)', after TA1691 add '(GenBank AY251964)'.

Under Pinb-D1q

Add: 'v: Jingdong 11 {10313 }.'.

Under Pinb-Am1

First entry should read, 'dv: T. monococcum subsp. monococcum DV92 (cultivated) cds (GenBank AJ242716) complete BAC sequence (GenBank AY491681), G3116 (spp. aegilopoides){0083}'.

After second entry delete 'is identical to allele Pina-D1h{03105}'.

Add: 'T. monococcum subsp. monococcum TA2025 (GenBank AY622797{10315}; T. monococcum subsp. monococcum TA2026 (GenBank AY622798){10315}, T. monococcum subsp. monococcum TA183 (GenBank AY622799){10315}'.

Under Pinb-S1

After TA2368 add '(GenBank AY622797)', after TA1789 add '(GenBank AY622802)', after TA1777 add '(GenBank AY622803)'.

Under Pinb-Sb1

After TA1954 add '(GenBank AY622807)' after TA1942 add '(GenBank AY622808)'.

Under Pinb-Sl1

After TA1912 add '(GenBank AY622800)', after TA1921 add '(GenBank AY622804)'.

Under Pinb-Ss1

After TA1837 add '(GenBank AY622805)'.

Change 'TA1355' to 'TA2355 (GenBank AY622806)'.

Under Pinb-Ssh1

After TA1999 add '(GenBank AY622809)'.

New entries:

Pinb-D1v [{10305}]. [Pinb-D1i(t) {10305}]. v: Qingdao Landrace 1{10305}; Qitoubai {10305}; Shijiazhuang 34 {10305}; Zigan {10305}.

Pinb-D1w {10314}. dv: Ae. tauschii 002 (GenBank DQ257553){10314}; Ae. tauschii ssp. tauschii TA1704 (GenBank AY649747){ 10315}; Ae. tauschii spp. anathera TA2381 (GenBank AY649747){10315}.

Pinb-D1x {10316}. [Pinb-D1q {10316}]. v: Jing 771 (GenBank AY640304){10316}.

Pinb-D1y {10316}. [Pinb-D1r {10316}]. v: Tachun 3 (GenBank AY598029){10316}.

Pinb-D1z {10316}. [Pinb-D1p {10316}]. v: Dahuangpi (GenBank AY581889) {10316}.

General note at end of Puroindoline section: 'Ikeda et al {10305} reported a double-null with apparently no Pina-D1 or Pinb-D1 genes present in v: Bindokku, Cheyenne 'A', Chosen 68, Saiiku 18, Saiiku 44, and tentatively assigned it Pina-D1b/Pinb-D1h(t). How this deletion compares with the double null mutation reported by Tranquilli et al. {10077} which was assigned Pina-D1k/Pinb-D1q is unknown'.

 

Pathogenic Disease/Pest Reaction

 

79. Reaction to Blumeria tritici

Pm3.

Pm3a. Sequence AY939880 {10292}.

Pm3d. Sequence AY939881 {10292}.

Pm3f. Sequence DQ071554 {10292}.

At the end of the Pm3 section add: The Pm3a, Pm3b, Pm3d, and Pm3f alleles form a true allelic series based on sequence analysis {10292}.

Pm16. Add: 5B {10217}. v: Line 70281 = Norman /*3 Beijing 837 {10217}.

ma: Pm16 - 5.3 cM - Xgwm159-5B (10217).


Add note: To account for the different chromosome locations a T4A-4B translocation was suggested {10217}. Based on the 5B location and similar disease responses Pm16 and Pm30 may be the same {10217}.

Pm30. Add note: Pm30 could be the same as Pm16 {10217}.

Pm33. v: Delete the present entry and enter the present v2 entry as v.

ma: Xgwm536-2B - 18.1 cM - Pm33 - 1.1 cM - Xwmc317-2B - 1.1 cM - Xgwm111-2B - 1.8 cM - Xgwm383-2B {10205}.

Pm34 {10241}. 5DL {10241}. v: PI 604033 = NC97BGTD7 = Saluda*3 / Ae. tauschii TA2492 {10241}.

dv: Ae. tauschii TA2492 {10241}.

ma: Xbarc177-5D - 5.4 cM - Pm34 - 2.6 cM - Xbarc144-5D {10241}.


Single resistance genes were identified on chromosome 7AL in hexaploid germ plasms NC96BGTA4 (a T. monococcum subsp. monococcum derivative) and NC99BGTAg11 (a T. timopheevii subsp. armeniacum derivative). The genes were proximal to Pm1 and considered to be different from ach other, although possibly allelic {10274}.

 

79.3. Temporary designated genes for resistance to Blumeria graminis

PmPs5A {10205}. 2AL {10205}. v: AM4 {10205}.

tv2: T. turgidum subsp. carthlicum pS5 Pm33 {10205}.

ma: Xgwm356-2A - 10.2 cM - PmPS5A. PmPS5A is located at or near the Pm4 locus {10205}.

Mlzec1 {10227}. Update symbol: previously listed in 2005 as MlZec. ma: Xwmc356-2B - 2.0 cM - PmZec1 {10227}.

Add general note at end of section: 'APR to powdery mildew was completely associated with Yr18/Lr34 in a population of Thatcher / RL6058.

 

XX. Reaction to Cephus cinctus

Insect pest: Wheat stem sawfly.

See 69: Stem solidness.

 

81. Reaction to Diuraphis noxia

Insert the relevant PI numbers and add reference '10277' for the following i: entries:

Dn1. Betta-Dn1: PI 634768, Tugela-Dn1: PI 591932.

Dn2. Betta-Dn2: PI 634769, Karee-Dn2: PI 663774, Tugela-Dn2: PI 634772.

Dn5. Add reference 10310 to the 7DL chromosome location, i.e., 7DL {287,10310}.

Insert the following note: Issues relating to the confused arm location and mapping of Dn5 is discussed in {10310}.

Dn8. Karee-Dn8: PI 634775.

Dn9. Betta-Dn9: PI 634770.

QTL: A QTL, QDn.unlp.6A, for antixenosis was associated with Xgwm1393-6AL and Xgwm1150-6Al in a CS / CS (Synthetic 6A) DH population {10216}.

 

82. Reaction to Fusarium spp.

82.1. Disease: Fusarium head scab, scab.

Fhb1 {10214}. QFhs.ndsu-3BS (9925,0175}. 3BS {9925}.

i: Lines to be named.

v: At least one reference genotype


Fhb2 {10225}. 6B {10225}. v: Two contrasting stocks to be placed in a national germ plasm collection. Please advise pedigree designations and accession numbers.

v2: BW278 Fhb1 {10225}.

ma: Xgwm-6B - 2.6 cM - Fhb2 - 3.1 cM - Xgwm644-6B {10225}.

Add to notes following Fhb1: W14 (R) / Pioneer 2684 (S) population: QTL in 3BS and 5AS accounted for 33 %, 35 %, and 31 % of the phenotypic variation for disease spread, kernel infection, and DON accumulation in greenhouse experiments, and 34 % and 26 % of variation for FHB incidence and severity in the field {10239}. Flanking markers were Xbarc133-3B and Xgwm493-3B and Xbarc117-5A and Xbarc56-5A {10239}.

QTL: Dream (R) / Lynx (S) RIL population. Following inoculation with F. culmorum four QTL for AUDPC were identified on chromosomes 6AL (R2 = 19 %), 1B (12 %), 2BL (11 %), and 7BS (21 %). The resistance allele in 1B came from Lynx and was associated with T1BL·1RS {10260}.

Insert at end of Nanda2419 (S) / Wangshuibai (R): 'Type-I resistance (% infected plants) in this cross was attributed to 10 chromosome regions among which Qfhi.nau-4B (Xwmc349-4B - Xgwm149-4B - R2 = 0.175), XFhi.nau-5A (Xwmc96-5A - Xgwm304-5A - R2 = 0.27) and Qfhi.nau-5B (Xgwm408-5B - Xbarc140-5B) from Wangshuibai were detected in at least 3 of 4 years {10282}. A significant additive effect of QTL on 6D and 2A also was observed {10282}.'

Insert following Wangshuibai / Wheaton: 'Wangshuibai / Seri 82: F3:F5 population: QTL on chromosomes 3BS (Xgwm533-3B - Xs18/m12-3B) and 2DL (Xgwm539-2D - Xs15/m24-2D) accounted for 17 % and 11 %, respectively, of the phenotypic variance (10264).

Wangshuibai / Alondra 'S': A stable QTL was associated with Xgwm533-3B in each of 3 years, QTL in 5B (Xgwm335-5B), 2D, and 7A were detected in 2 years {10268}.'

Chokwang (R) / Clark (S):
Qfhb.ksu-5DL.1 associated with Xbarc239-5D (R2 = 0.24) {10276}, Qfhb.ksu-4BL.1 associated with Xbarc1096-4B (R2 = 0.13){10276}, and Qfhs.ksu-3BS.1 marginally associated with the region of Fhb1 (R2 = 0.1) {10276}.

Add at end of section: Bobwhite plants transformed with AtNPR1, an Arabidopsis thaliana gene that regulates activities of SAR, displayed a heritable type II response equal to that of Sumai 3 {10237}.

DH 181 (R) (Sumai 3 / HY 386 Sel.)

Type I Res. 2DS, 3AS, 3BS, 3B centromere region, 4DL, 5AS, 6BS {10213}.
In cross Patterson (open) / Goldfield (closed) RILs, narrow flower opening width was correlated with FHB resistance. The major QTL effect associated with narrow flower opening and low FHB incidence occurred in map interval Xbarc200 - Xgwm210 (29 % of variation in FHB incidence); these genes were probably located in chromosome 2BS {10243}.

Insert before 'Field resistance:'
Type 1 resistance and DON accumulation: Hobbit Sib / T. macha 4A DH population: Both traits were assigned to a small region distal to Xgwm601-4A and co-segregating with Xgwm165-4A {10254}.

 

New Section: Reaction to Fusarium pseudograminearum

Disease: Crown rot

QTL: Analysis of partial seedling resistance in a DH population of 2-49 (partially Resistant) / Janz (susceptible) indicated major QTL in chromosomes 1D (R2 = 0.21) and 1A (R2= 0.09) and minor QTL in 2A, 2B (from Janz), 4B and 7B {10132}.

 

85. Reaction to Mayetiola destructor

H3. Insert note after chromosome location: Based on the location of H9 on chromosome 1AS, H3 also may be located on chromosome 1AS {10231,10252}. v: Ike {10252}.

H5. v: Magnum {10252}.

H6. Insert note after chromosome location. Based on the location of H9 on chromosome 1AS, H6 also may be located on chromosome 1AS {10231,10252}.

H9. Add: '1AS {10231,10252}.' ma: STS-Pm3 - 1.7 cM - SOP005909 - 0.6 cM - Xksu11/Xcnl76/Xgdm33-1A - 0.5 cM - Xgwm176/Xpsp2999/Xcfa2153-1A - 0.5 cM - Xbarc263-1A - 1.2 cM - H9 - Xwmc24-1A {10231}. Xcfa2153-1A - 0.5 cM - H9 - 0.3 cM - Xbarc263-1A {10252}.

H10. May be identical to H9 {10252}. Add: , 1AS {10252}. ma: Xcfa2153-1A - 0.5 cM - H10 - 1.3 cM - Xbarc263-1A {10252}. Xrapd9-2-1000/Xpsp2999-1A/Xgpw7072-1A - 2.2 cM - H10 {10252}.

H11. Add: , 1AS {10252}. ma: Xcfa2153-1A - 0.3 cM - H11 - 1.7 cM - Xbarc363-1A {10252}.


H13. Add: , 6DS {10251}. ma: Xgdm36-6D - 2.7 cM - H13/Xcfd132-6D - 1.1 cM - Xcfd213-6D {10251}.


H23.
Add: , 6DS {10251}. v: Change to: KS89WGRC03 = TA1642 /2*Wichita {442,10251}. al: Ae. tauschii TA1642 {10251}. ma: Maps to same region as H13 {10262}.


H15. Insert note after chromosome location. Based on the location of H9 on chromosome 1AS, H15 also may be located on chromosome 1AS {10231}.


H32. ma: Modify entry to: Xgwm3-3D - 1.7 cM - H32 - 1.7 cM - Xcfd-3D {10137}.


Hdic {10262}. 1AS {10262}. v: KS99WGRC42 {10262}.

tv: T. turgidum subsp. dicoccum PI 94641 {10262}.

ma: Xcfa2153-1A - 1.4 cM - Hdic - 0.6 cM - Xgwm33-1A {10262}.


H"WGRC4" {10251}. 6DS 10251}. v: KS89WGRC04 = TA1695 /3*Wichita {10251}.

ma: Allelic with H13 {10251}.

 


84. Reaction to Mycosphaerella graminicola

Stb6. v2: Kavkaz-K4500 Stb7 Stb10 Stb12 {10011}; TE 9111 Stb7 Stb11{10012}.

Stb7. v2: Kavkaz-K4500 Stb6 Stb10 Stb12 {10011}; TE 9111 Stb6 Stb11 {10012}.

ma: Stb7 was closer to Xwmc313-4A than to Xwmc219-4A {10011}.


Stb10. 1D {10011}. Confers resistance to cultures IPO94269 and ISR8036, but not to IPO87019 {10011}.

v2: Kavkaz -K4500 L.6.A.4 Stb6 Stb7 Stb12 JIC.W9995 {10011}.

ma: Associated with Xwmc848-1D {10011}.

Stb11. 1BS {10012}. Confers resistance to isolate IPO90012 {10012}.

v2: TE 9111 {10012} Stb6 Stb7 {10012}.

ma: Distal to Xbarc008-1B {10012}.

Stb12 {10011}. 4AL {10011}. Confers resistance to cultures ISR398, ISR8036, and IPO87019 {10011}.

v2: Kavkaz-K4500 Stb6 Stb7 Stb10 {10011}.º

ma: Stb12 was closer to Xwmc219-4A than to Xwmc313-4A {10011}.

 

89. Reaction to Phaeophaeria nodorum

Add to list of QTL: Forno (S) / Oberkulmer spelt (R). Among 204 RILs, leaf and glume responses were genetically different but correlated (R2 = 0.52). Ten QTL for glume blotch (SNG) were detected, six from Forno. A major QTL (R2 = 35.8 %) was associated with q. Eleven QTL (four from Forno) affected leaf blotch; three of these (chromosomes 3D, 4B and 7B) with R2 > 13 % were considered potential candidates for MAS {10250}.

 

90. Reaction to Puccinia graminis

Sr22. ma: Xcfa2123-7A - 6 cM - Sr22 - 5.9 cM - Xcfa2019-7A {10263}.

Sr26. ma: A PCR marker, Sr26#43 was reported in {10257}.

Sr31. Add at end of section: Sr31 seems to be different from the rye-derived gene in Amigo and related materials {10270}.

Genotype lists: Add ',10270'.

 

91. Reaction to Puccinia striiformis

Yr1. v2: Parula Yr29 {10281}. ma: Xgwm120-7D - 0.9 cM - Yr18 - 0.7 cM - Xgwm295-7D {10259}.

Yr29. s: Lalbahadur(Parula 1B) {10281}. v2: Attila Yr27 {10281}; Parula Yr18 {10281}.

ma: Xwmc44-1B - 1.4 cM - Xbac24prot - 9.5 cM - Yr29 - 2.9 cM - Xbac17R . . . Xgwm140-1B {10281}. Xgwmc44-1B - 3.6 cM - Yr29 - 2.1 cM - XtG818/XBac17R . . . Xgwm140-1B {10281}.

Associated with Ltn2 and Lr46.

Yr36. For gene name insert additional reference, i.e., {10138,10272}.

ma: Nor-B . . . Xucw68-6B - Xucw69-6B/Xbarc101-6B/Yr36 - Xucw66-6B {10272}. Yr36 is 2-4 cM proximal to Gpc-B1 {10272}.

Yr38 {10224}. YrS12 {10204}. 6A (6AL-6LS·6SS) {10224}.

v: Line 0352-4 = Ae. sharonensis-174 / 9*CS // 3*W84-17 /3/ CS /4/ W84-17 {10224}.

al: Ae. sharonensis-174 {10224}.

 

91.2 Temporarily designated genes for resistance to stripe rust


YrCK {10220.10221}. Temperature sensitive (10219). 2DS {10220}. v: Cook Yr34 {10219, 10220,10221}; Sunco Yr34 {10220}.

YrCN19 {10228}. 2BS {10228}. v: AIM {10228}; AIM6 {10228}; Chuannong 19{10228}.

ma: Complete linkage to a 391-bp allele of Xgwm410-2BS {10228}.

 

91.3. Stripe rust QTLs

QTL: Insert as the second paragraph:

Camp Remy / Recital: 217 RILs. Six QTL for APR were detected over 4 years. QYr.inra-2BL (R2 = 0.42-0.61) corresponded largely to seedling resistance gene Rsp and possibly Yr7. The other genes were Qyr.inra-2AL, QYr.inra-2BL, QYr.inra-2DS (perhaps Yr16), QYr.inra-5BL.1, and QYr.inra-5BL.2 {10279}.

Insert at end of section: 'Four QTL were detected in a multiple cross analysis {10283}: Chromosome 2AL (probably Yr32 in Deben, Kris and Soloist), 2AS (probably Yr17 in Kris), 2BL (Xwmc149-2B - Xwmc317a-2B in Deben) and 6BL (Xwmc397-6B - Xwmc105b-6B in Soloist and Kris).'

 

89. Reaction to Puccinia triticina

Lr3a. ma: UBC840540 - Lr3a, 6 cM {10263}.


Lr9. i: Add: Lines listed in {10244}. ma: Before the last entry insert: 'SCAR markers were developed in {10244}'. The last entry in this section should appear as a separate note at the end of the Lr9 section.

Lr13. v2: Add 'Lr46' to genotype of Parula.


Lr19. 7DL. i: Sears'transfer 7D-7Ag no. 1 {10255}. ma: Located in the Xwg420-7Ag - Xmwg2062-7Ag interval {10255}.
Add note at end of this entry: 'Secondary translocation line I-96 derived from Sears' 7D-7Ag no. 1 involved Lr19 being located in an intercalary segment with low yellow pigment and lacking Sd1 {10255}.'

7AL. v: Lines I-22 and I-23 {10255}.

Add note: 'Lr19 in lines I-22 and I-23 retaining yellow pigment but lacking Sd1 was transferred to durum {10255}.'

7BL. Add: One of these lines with the shortest 7Ag segment, Lr19-149-299, was used in a further cycle of recombination {10278}.

Lr20. ma: Lr20 - STS638, 7.1 cM {10263}.


Lr24. Add at end of section: 'A PCR marker, Sr24#12 was confirmed across all sources of Lr24 {10257}.'

Lr28. ma: A linked RAPD marker, S421640 was converted to a TPSCAR, SCS421570 {10236}.

Lr34. v2: Parula Lr13 Lr46 {1374}.

ma: Xgwm120-7D - 0.9 cM - Lr34 - 2.7 cM - Xgwm295-7D {10259}.

Lr46. s: Lalbahadur (Parula 1B) {10281}. v: Attila {10281}.

v2: Parula Lr13 Lr34 {10281}.

ma: Xwmc44-1B - 1.4 cM - Xbac24prot - 9.5 cM - Lr46 - 2.9 cM - Xbac17R . . . Xgwm140-1B {10281}. Xgwmc44-1B - 3.6 cM - Lr46 - 2.1 cM - XtG818/XBac17R . . . Xgwm140-1B {10281}. XSTS1BL2 - 2.2 cM - Lr46 / XSTS1BL9 - 2.2 cM - XSTS1BL17 {10326}.
Associated with Ltn2 and Yr29.

Lr51. ma: A CAPS marker was developed from XAga7-1B {0308}.

Lr52. ma: Lr52 - 16.5 cM - Xgwm443-5B {10035}.

Lr56 {10224}. LrS12 {10204}. 6A (T6AL-6LS·6SS) {10224}.

v: Line 0352-4 = Ae. sharonensis-174 / 9*CS // 3*W84-17 /3/ CS /4/ W84-17 {10224}.

al: Ae. sharonensis-174 {10224}.

LrKr1 {10233}. v: Thatcher {10233}. v2: Kanred LrKr2 {10233}.


LrKr2 {10233}. v2: Kanred LrKr1 {10233}.


LrMq1 {10233}. v: Marquis {10233}.

Add following the temporary designations: 'A potentially novel resistance gene was located in chromosome 5BS of Iranian landrace PI 289824. Xgwm234-5B - 8.9 cM - Lr - 2.3 cM - STS Xtxw200 {10253}.

Under 'Complex genotypes' at end of section add:

Alsen: Lr2a Lr10 Lr13 Lr23 Lr34 {10223}.

Norm: Lr1 Lr10 Lr16 Lr13 Lr23 Lr34 {10223}.

 

90. Reaction to Pyrenophora tritici repentis

93.2. QTL

Grandin (S) / BR34 (R) RILs: QTL in 1BS, QTs.fcu-1BS,(13-29 % of variation depending on race) and 3BL, (13-41 %) were involved in resistance to four races. Five other QTL showed race specific responses {10248}.

 

94. Reaction to Sitodiplosis mosellana (Gehin)


Sm1. ma:
Add: Sm1 was mapped to a 2.5 cM interval on chromosome 2BS flanked proximally by AFLP-derived SCAR marker WM1 and distally by SSR Xgwm210-2B {10291}.

 


92. Reaction to Schizaphis graminum

Gb4. 7DL {10267}.

Gb4 is either closely linked or allelic to Gb3 {10267}.

Gba {10267}. 7DL {10267}. v: TA4152L94 = CETA / Ae. taushii Wx1027 (10267).

ma: Xwmc671-7D - 34.3 cM - Gba - 20.7 cM - Xbarc53-7D {10267}.

Gbb {10267}. 7DL {10267}. v: TA4252L24 = CROC 1 / Ae. tauschii Wx224 {10267}.

ma: Xwmc671-7D - 5.4 cM - Gbb - 20.2 cM - Xbarc53-7D {10267}.

Gbc {10267}. 7DL {10267}. v: TA4063.1 = 68111 / Rugby // Ward // Ae. tauschii TA2477 {10289}.

ma: Xgwm671-7D - 13.7 cM - Gbc - 17.9 cM - Xgdm150-7D {10267}.

Gbd {10267}. v: TA4064.2 = Altar 84 / Ae. tauscii TA2841 {10267}.

ma: Xgwm671-7D - 7.9 cM - Gbd - 1.9 cM - Xwmc157-7D {10267}.

Gbx1 {10267}. Gbx [[10267]]. 7DL (10267).

v: KS89WGRC4 = Wichita / TA1695 // 2*Wichita {10267}.

dv: Ae. tauschii TA1695 {10267}.

ma: Xwmc157-7D - 2.7 cM - Xgdm150-7D {10267}.

Gbx2 {10267}. Gbx [{10267}]. v: W7984 [{10267}].

ma: Gbx2 was located 8.8 cM from Gb3 {10267}.

Gbz. ma: Xwmc671-7D - 3.9 cM - Gbz/Xwmc157-7D - 5.1 cM - Xbarc53 {10267}.

QTL: A QTL, QGb.unlp.6A, for antixenosis was associated with Xgwm1009-6A and Xgwm1185-6A in a CS / CS (Synthetic 6A) DH population {10216}.

 

96. Reaction to Soil-Borne Cereal Mosaic

Syn.: Soilborne wheat mosaic.

Add at end of section: 'A major QTL, QSbv.ksu-5D, (R2 = 0.38) was found in Karl 92*2 / TA 4152-4 {10273}; the resistance was contributed by Karl 92'.

 

93. Reaction to Tapesia yallundae

Pch1. Add: ma: Ep-d1b was a more reliable marker than the STS for selecting Pch1 {10238}.

 

102. Reaction to Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus

Insert introductory note: Vectored by wheat curl mites, Eriophyes tulipae and E. tosichella. See: Resistance to colonization by Eriophyes tulipae. According to {10226}, WSMV also may be seed-borne.

 

101. Reaction to Wheat Spindle Streak Mosaic Bymovirus

Insert introductory note: 'WSSMV is soil-borne and vectored by the fungus Polymxa graminis. This virus has some sequence similarity to Wheat Yellow Mosaic {10258}.'

Wss1 {10271}. Derived from D. villosa. 4D = T4VS·4DL {10271}. v: NAU413 {10271}.

 

XX. Reaction to Wheat Yellow Mosaic Virus

WYMV is soil-borne and vectored by the fungus Polymxa graminis. This virus has some sequence similarity to Wheat Spindle Streak Mosaic {10258}.

YmYF {10258}. 2DL {10258}. v: Yangfu 9311 {10258}.

ma: Xpsp3039-2D/Xwmc181-2D - 0.7 cM - Xwmc41-3D - 8.1 cM - Xgwm349-2D {10258}.



IV. GENETIC LINKAGES.

 Chromosome 7AL
  Sr22  -

Lr20/Sr15/Pm1

 42 cM {10263}

 

REFERENCES

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